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Title: Compact CH 4 sensor system based on a continuous-wave, low power consumption, room temperature interband cascade laser

Abstract

A tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy-based methane sensor, employing a dense-pattern multi-pass gas cell and a 3.3 µm, CW, DFB, room temperature interband cascade laser (ICL), is reported. The optical integration based on an advanced folded optical path design and an efficient ICL control system with appropriate electrical power management resulted in a CH 4 sensor with a small footprint (32 x 20 x 17 cm 3) and low-power consumption (6 W). Polynomial and least-squares fit algorithms are employed to remove the baseline of the spectral scan and retrieve CH 4 concentrations, respectively. An Allan-Werle deviation analysis shows that the measurement precision can reach 1.4 ppb for a 60 s averaging time. Continuous measurements covering a seven-day period were performed to demonstrate the stability and robustness of the reported CH 4 sensor system.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Shanxi Univ., Taiyuan (China). State Key Lab. of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Inst. of Laser Spectroscopy
  2. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  3. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1435727
Report Number(s):
DOE-MAXION-00538-14
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; TRN: US1900092
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000538; 61575113; 61275213
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION

Citation Formats

Dong, Lei, Li, Chunguang, Sanchez, Nancy P., Gluszek, Aleksander K., Griffin, Robert J., and Tittel, Frank K. Compact CH4 sensor system based on a continuous-wave, low power consumption, room temperature interband cascade laser. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4939452.
Dong, Lei, Li, Chunguang, Sanchez, Nancy P., Gluszek, Aleksander K., Griffin, Robert J., & Tittel, Frank K. Compact CH4 sensor system based on a continuous-wave, low power consumption, room temperature interband cascade laser. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4939452
Dong, Lei, Li, Chunguang, Sanchez, Nancy P., Gluszek, Aleksander K., Griffin, Robert J., and Tittel, Frank K. Tue . "Compact CH4 sensor system based on a continuous-wave, low power consumption, room temperature interband cascade laser". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4939452. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435727.
@article{osti_1435727,
title = {Compact CH4 sensor system based on a continuous-wave, low power consumption, room temperature interband cascade laser},
author = {Dong, Lei and Li, Chunguang and Sanchez, Nancy P. and Gluszek, Aleksander K. and Griffin, Robert J. and Tittel, Frank K.},
abstractNote = {A tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy-based methane sensor, employing a dense-pattern multi-pass gas cell and a 3.3 µm, CW, DFB, room temperature interband cascade laser (ICL), is reported. The optical integration based on an advanced folded optical path design and an efficient ICL control system with appropriate electrical power management resulted in a CH4 sensor with a small footprint (32 x 20 x 17 cm3) and low-power consumption (6 W). Polynomial and least-squares fit algorithms are employed to remove the baseline of the spectral scan and retrieve CH4 concentrations, respectively. An Allan-Werle deviation analysis shows that the measurement precision can reach 1.4 ppb for a 60 s averaging time. Continuous measurements covering a seven-day period were performed to demonstrate the stability and robustness of the reported CH4 sensor system.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4939452},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1435727}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 1,
volume = 108,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 29 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) CAD image of the methane sensor core with dimensions of length (32 cm), width (20 cm), and height (17 cm). Inserted image: dense spot pattern of the ultra-compact multi-pass gas cell. (b) Schematic of a compact, low power methane sensor. ICL: interband cascade laser; L: lens; M:more » plane mirror; MCT: mercury-cadmium-telluride detector; MPC: multi-pass gas cell; PM: parabolic mirror.« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, December 2009


Single-QCL-based absorption sensor for simultaneous trace-gas detection of CH4 and N2O
journal, April 2014


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journal, December 2002


Continuous wave, distributed feedback diode laser based sensor for trace-gas detection of ethane
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    External cavity quantum cascade laser-based QEPAS for chlorodifluoromethane spectroscopy and sensing
    journal, June 2019


    Dynamic spectral characteristics measurement of DFB interband cascade laser under injection current tuning
    journal, July 2016


    Instant precipitation of KMgF 3 :Ni 2+ nanocrystals with broad emission (1.3‐2.2 μm) for potential combustion gas sensors
    journal, March 2018


    Pressure-dependent sensitivity of a single-pass methane detection system using a continuous-wave distributed feedback laser at 3270  nm
    journal, January 2019


    Compact photoacoustic module for methane detection incorporating interband cascade light emitting device
    journal, January 2017


    Calculation model of dense spot pattern multi-pass cells based on a spherical mirror aberration
    journal, January 2019


    Relative intensity noise of a continuous-wave interband cascade laser at room temperature
    journal, January 2019


    Mid-Infrared Tunable Laser-Based Broadband Fingerprint Absorption Spectroscopy for Trace Gas Sensing: A Review
    journal, January 2019


    Near-Infrared Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Sensor for H2S Detection in Biogas
    journal, December 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.