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Title: Chapter 1: A Brief Introduction to Lignin Structure

Abstract

Lignin is an alkyl-aromatic polymer found in the cell walls of terrestrial plants. Lignin provides structure and rigidity to plants, is a natural, highly effective barrier against microbial attack, and enables water and nutrient transport through plant tissues. Depending on the plant species, the constituents of lignin can vary considerably, leading to substantial diversity in lignin chemistry and structure. Despite nearly a century of research and development attempting to convert lignin into valuable products, lignin in most current and planned biorefinery contexts remains underutilized, most often being burned to generate heat and power. However, the drive towards effective lignin valorization processes has witnessed a significant resurgence in the past decade, catalyzed by advances in improved understanding of lignin chemistry, structure, and plasticity in parallel with new catalytic and biological approaches to valorize this important, prevalent biopolymer. As a preface to the subsequent chapters in this book, this chapter briefly highlights the known aspects of lignin structure.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. USDA-Forest Service
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1435699
Report Number(s):
NREL/CH-5100-71434
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; lignin; biorefineries; valorization

Citation Formats

Katahira, Rui, Beckham, Gregg T, and Elder, Thomas J. Chapter 1: A Brief Introduction to Lignin Structure. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/9781788010351-00001.
Katahira, Rui, Beckham, Gregg T, & Elder, Thomas J. Chapter 1: A Brief Introduction to Lignin Structure. United States. doi:10.1039/9781788010351-00001.
Katahira, Rui, Beckham, Gregg T, and Elder, Thomas J. Tue . "Chapter 1: A Brief Introduction to Lignin Structure". United States. doi:10.1039/9781788010351-00001.
@article{osti_1435699,
title = {Chapter 1: A Brief Introduction to Lignin Structure},
author = {Katahira, Rui and Beckham, Gregg T and Elder, Thomas J.},
abstractNote = {Lignin is an alkyl-aromatic polymer found in the cell walls of terrestrial plants. Lignin provides structure and rigidity to plants, is a natural, highly effective barrier against microbial attack, and enables water and nutrient transport through plant tissues. Depending on the plant species, the constituents of lignin can vary considerably, leading to substantial diversity in lignin chemistry and structure. Despite nearly a century of research and development attempting to convert lignin into valuable products, lignin in most current and planned biorefinery contexts remains underutilized, most often being burned to generate heat and power. However, the drive towards effective lignin valorization processes has witnessed a significant resurgence in the past decade, catalyzed by advances in improved understanding of lignin chemistry, structure, and plasticity in parallel with new catalytic and biological approaches to valorize this important, prevalent biopolymer. As a preface to the subsequent chapters in this book, this chapter briefly highlights the known aspects of lignin structure.},
doi = {10.1039/9781788010351-00001},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Book:
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