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Title: Superplastic Creep of Metal Nanowires From Rate-Dependent Plasticity Transition

Abstract

Understanding the time-dependent mechanical behavior of nanomaterials such as nanowires is essential to predict their reliability in nanomechanical devices. This understanding is typically obtained using creep tests, which are the most fundamental loading mechanism by which the time dependent deformation of materials is characterized. However, due to existing challenges facing both experimentalists and theorists, the time dependent mechanical response of nanowires is not well-understood. Here, we use atomistic simulations that can access experimental time scales to examine the creep of single-crystal face-centered cubic metal (Cu, Ag, Pt) nanowires. Here, we report that both Cu and Ag nanowires show significantly increased ductility and superplasticity under low creep stresses, where the superplasticity is driven by a rate-dependent transition in defect nucleation from twinning to trailing partial dislocations at the micro- or millisecond time scale. The transition in the deformation mechanism also governs a corresponding transition in the stress-dependent creep time at the microsecond (Ag) and millisecond (Cu) time scales. Overall, this work demonstrates the necessity of accessing time scales that far exceed those seen in conventional atomistic modeling for accurate insights into the time-dependent mechanical behavior and properties of nanomaterials.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Boston Univ., MA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1435426
Grant/Contract Number:
NE0008450
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Nano; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; nanowire; superplasticity; creep; rate-dependent deformation; self-learning metabasin escape algorithm

Citation Formats

Tao, Weiwei, Cao, Penghui, and Park, Harold S. Superplastic Creep of Metal Nanowires From Rate-Dependent Plasticity Transition. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02199.
Tao, Weiwei, Cao, Penghui, & Park, Harold S. Superplastic Creep of Metal Nanowires From Rate-Dependent Plasticity Transition. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02199.
Tao, Weiwei, Cao, Penghui, and Park, Harold S. Mon . "Superplastic Creep of Metal Nanowires From Rate-Dependent Plasticity Transition". United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.8b02199.
@article{osti_1435426,
title = {Superplastic Creep of Metal Nanowires From Rate-Dependent Plasticity Transition},
author = {Tao, Weiwei and Cao, Penghui and Park, Harold S.},
abstractNote = {Understanding the time-dependent mechanical behavior of nanomaterials such as nanowires is essential to predict their reliability in nanomechanical devices. This understanding is typically obtained using creep tests, which are the most fundamental loading mechanism by which the time dependent deformation of materials is characterized. However, due to existing challenges facing both experimentalists and theorists, the time dependent mechanical response of nanowires is not well-understood. Here, we use atomistic simulations that can access experimental time scales to examine the creep of single-crystal face-centered cubic metal (Cu, Ag, Pt) nanowires. Here, we report that both Cu and Ag nanowires show significantly increased ductility and superplasticity under low creep stresses, where the superplasticity is driven by a rate-dependent transition in defect nucleation from twinning to trailing partial dislocations at the micro- or millisecond time scale. The transition in the deformation mechanism also governs a corresponding transition in the stress-dependent creep time at the microsecond (Ag) and millisecond (Cu) time scales. Overall, this work demonstrates the necessity of accessing time scales that far exceed those seen in conventional atomistic modeling for accurate insights into the time-dependent mechanical behavior and properties of nanomaterials.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.8b02199},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Apr 30 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Mon Apr 30 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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