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Title: Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review

Abstract

The demand for lithium is expected to increase drastically in the near future due to the increased usage of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIB) in electric vehicles, smartphones and other portable electronics. To alleviate the potential risk of undersupply, lithium can be extracted from raw sources consisting of minerals and brines or from recycled batteries and glasses. Aqueous lithium mining from naturally occurring brines and salt deposits is advantageous compared to extraction from minerals, since it may be more environmentally friendly and cost-effective. In this article, we briefly discuss the adsorptive behaviour, synthetic methodology and prospects or challenges of major sorbents including spinel lithium manganese oxide (Li-Mn-O or LMO), spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li-Ti-O or LTO) and lithium aluminium layered double hydroxide chloride (LiCl·2Al(OH)3). Membrane approaches and lithium recovery from end-of-life LIB will also be briefly discussed.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Alger Alternative Energy Technologies, Brawley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1435296
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Johnson Matthey Technology Review
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 62; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2056-5135
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Li, Ling, Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Paranthaman, M. Parans, Bhave, Ramesh R., Moyer, Bruce A., and Harrison, Stephen. Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1595/205651317X696676.
Li, Ling, Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Paranthaman, M. Parans, Bhave, Ramesh R., Moyer, Bruce A., & Harrison, Stephen. Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review. United States. doi:10.1595/205651317X696676.
Li, Ling, Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Paranthaman, M. Parans, Bhave, Ramesh R., Moyer, Bruce A., and Harrison, Stephen. Sun . "Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review". United States. doi:10.1595/205651317X696676. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435296.
@article{osti_1435296,
title = {Lithium Recovery from Aqueous Resources and Batteries: A Brief Review},
author = {Li, Ling and Deshmane, Vishwanath G. and Paranthaman, M. Parans and Bhave, Ramesh R. and Moyer, Bruce A. and Harrison, Stephen},
abstractNote = {The demand for lithium is expected to increase drastically in the near future due to the increased usage of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIB) in electric vehicles, smartphones and other portable electronics. To alleviate the potential risk of undersupply, lithium can be extracted from raw sources consisting of minerals and brines or from recycled batteries and glasses. Aqueous lithium mining from naturally occurring brines and salt deposits is advantageous compared to extraction from minerals, since it may be more environmentally friendly and cost-effective. In this article, we briefly discuss the adsorptive behaviour, synthetic methodology and prospects or challenges of major sorbents including spinel lithium manganese oxide (Li-Mn-O or LMO), spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li-Ti-O or LTO) and lithium aluminium layered double hydroxide chloride (LiCl·2Al(OH)3). Membrane approaches and lithium recovery from end-of-life LIB will also be briefly discussed.},
doi = {10.1595/205651317X696676},
journal = {Johnson Matthey Technology Review},
number = 2,
volume = 62,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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