skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Hazardous Gas Detection Sensor Using Broadband Light-Emitting Diode-Based Absorption Spectroscopy for Space Applications

Abstract

As space travel matures and extended duration voyages become increasingly common, it will be necessary to include arrays of early fire detection systems aboard spacefaring vessels, space habitats, and in spacesuits. As gasses that are relevant to combustion and pyrolysis have absorption features in the midinfrared range, it is possible to utilize absorption spectroscopy as a means of detecting and quantifying the concentration of these hazardous compounds. Within this work, a sensor for detecting carbon dioxide has been designed and tested autonomously on a high-altitude balloon flight. The sensor utilizes a 4.2-mm lightemitting diode source, amplitude modulation to characterize species concentrations, and frequency modulation to characterize ambient temperature. Future work will include expanding the sensor design to detect other gases, and demonstrating suborbital flight capability.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
  2. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, DC (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States); Florida Space Inst., Orlando, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1435270
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Space
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0256
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Terracciano, Anthony, Thurmond, Kyle, Villar, Michael, Urso, Justin, Ninnemann, Erik, Parupalli, Akshita, Loparo, Zachary, Demidovich, Nick, Kapat, Jayanta, Partridge Jr, William P., and Vasu, Subith S. Hazardous Gas Detection Sensor Using Broadband Light-Emitting Diode-Based Absorption Spectroscopy for Space Applications. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1089/space.2017.0044.
Terracciano, Anthony, Thurmond, Kyle, Villar, Michael, Urso, Justin, Ninnemann, Erik, Parupalli, Akshita, Loparo, Zachary, Demidovich, Nick, Kapat, Jayanta, Partridge Jr, William P., & Vasu, Subith S. Hazardous Gas Detection Sensor Using Broadband Light-Emitting Diode-Based Absorption Spectroscopy for Space Applications. United States. doi:10.1089/space.2017.0044.
Terracciano, Anthony, Thurmond, Kyle, Villar, Michael, Urso, Justin, Ninnemann, Erik, Parupalli, Akshita, Loparo, Zachary, Demidovich, Nick, Kapat, Jayanta, Partridge Jr, William P., and Vasu, Subith S. Mon . "Hazardous Gas Detection Sensor Using Broadband Light-Emitting Diode-Based Absorption Spectroscopy for Space Applications". United States. doi:10.1089/space.2017.0044.
@article{osti_1435270,
title = {Hazardous Gas Detection Sensor Using Broadband Light-Emitting Diode-Based Absorption Spectroscopy for Space Applications},
author = {Terracciano, Anthony and Thurmond, Kyle and Villar, Michael and Urso, Justin and Ninnemann, Erik and Parupalli, Akshita and Loparo, Zachary and Demidovich, Nick and Kapat, Jayanta and Partridge Jr, William P. and Vasu, Subith S.},
abstractNote = {As space travel matures and extended duration voyages become increasingly common, it will be necessary to include arrays of early fire detection systems aboard spacefaring vessels, space habitats, and in spacesuits. As gasses that are relevant to combustion and pyrolysis have absorption features in the midinfrared range, it is possible to utilize absorption spectroscopy as a means of detecting and quantifying the concentration of these hazardous compounds. Within this work, a sensor for detecting carbon dioxide has been designed and tested autonomously on a high-altitude balloon flight. The sensor utilizes a 4.2-mm lightemitting diode source, amplitude modulation to characterize species concentrations, and frequency modulation to characterize ambient temperature. Future work will include expanding the sensor design to detect other gases, and demonstrating suborbital flight capability.},
doi = {10.1089/space.2017.0044},
journal = {New Space},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 12 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Mon Mar 12 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on March 12, 2019
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: