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Title: A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data

Abstract

Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalog used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of $$\bar{z} = 0.45$$. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at $$8.1\sigma$$ significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly $$17\%$$ precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentering.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [9];  [15];  [16];  [17] more »;  [18];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [4];  [23];  [17];  [1];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [9];  [9];  [30];  [31];  [9];  [28];  [32];  [33];  [4];  [34];  [15];  [18];  [17];  [9];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [36];  [38];  [39];  [1];  [40];  [1];  [41];  [10];  [23];  [42];  [43];  [9];  [29];  [44];  [3];  [9];  [45];  [39];  [3];  [1];  [46];  [47];  [48];  [49];  [50];  [18];  [51];  [52];  [53];  [3];  [54];  [55];  [9];  [17];  [3];  [56];  [57];  [58];  [2];  [59];  [15];  [60];  [15];  [1];  [61];  [62];  [9];  [63];  [21];  [49];  [61];  [64];  [65];  [8];  [9];  [66];  [67];  [68];  [69];  [70];  [49];  [71];  [38];  [72];  [73];  [8];  [3];  [9];  [74] « less
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  2. School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
  3. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  4. Institute of Space Sciences, IEEC-CSIC, Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  5. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, CIFAR Program on Gravity and the Extreme Universe, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada; Astronomy Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; Department of Physics, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 1110 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  6. Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
  7. Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  8. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  9. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  10. Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
  11. CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France
  12. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  13. CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France
  14. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
  15. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  16. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA; Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  17. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  18. Astronomy Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  19. Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  20. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
  21. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  22. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
  23. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  24. Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada; Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  25. Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India
  26. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  27. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, CIFAR Program on Gravity and the Extreme Universe, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada; Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
  28. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  29. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  30. Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
  31. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  32. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  33. Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild Straße 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  34. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  35. Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
  36. Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  37. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  38. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  39. University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  40. Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
  41. Astronomy and Astrophysics Department, Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  42. Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  43. Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
  44. Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  45. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, 05314-970 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  46. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  47. Department of Physics and Astronomy, George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  48. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  49. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  50. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
  51. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
  52. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  53. Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  54. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  55. Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
  56. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  57. Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
  58. Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
  59. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Pevensey Building, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  60. Physics Department, Center for Education and Research in Cosmology and Astrophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
  61. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Av. Complutense, 40, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
  62. Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; Physics Department, Center for Education and Research in Cosmology and Astrophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
  63. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
  64. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  65. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  66. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  67. Physics Department, Center for Education and Research in Cosmology and Astrophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  68. Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St, MS 12, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  69. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  70. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  71. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  72. Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
  73. Astronomy Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; Department of Physics, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, 1110 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  74. Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES; SPT; DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1435206
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1398807; OSTI ID: 1439875
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-334-AE; arXiv:1708.01360
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 1614444
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357; SC0007901; SC0015975
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 476; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; weak gravitational lensing; galaxies; clusters; cosmic background radiation

Citation Formats

Baxter, E. J., Raghunathan, S., Crawford, T. M., Fosalba, P., Hou, Z., Holder, G. P., Omori, Y., Patil, S., Rozo, E., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Aylor, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Benson, B. A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M, Crites, A. T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., D'Andrea, C. B., Davis, C., de Haan, T., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Estrada, J., Everett, W. B., Fausti Neto, A., Flaugher, B., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., George, E. M., Gaztanaga, E., Giannantonio, T., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Hartley, W. G., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hrubes, J. D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Knox, L., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Luong-Van, D., Manzotti, A., March, M., Marrone, D. P., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Ruhl, J. E., Rykoff, E., Sako, M., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Shirokoff, E., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A., Story, K., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Troxel, M. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Walker, A. R., Williamson, R., Zhang, Y., and Zuntz, J.. A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty305.
Baxter, E. J., Raghunathan, S., Crawford, T. M., Fosalba, P., Hou, Z., Holder, G. P., Omori, Y., Patil, S., Rozo, E., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Aylor, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Benson, B. A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M, Crites, A. T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., D'Andrea, C. B., Davis, C., de Haan, T., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Estrada, J., Everett, W. B., Fausti Neto, A., Flaugher, B., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., George, E. M., Gaztanaga, E., Giannantonio, T., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Hartley, W. G., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hrubes, J. D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Knox, L., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Luong-Van, D., Manzotti, A., March, M., Marrone, D. P., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Ruhl, J. E., Rykoff, E., Sako, M., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Shirokoff, E., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A., Story, K., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Troxel, M. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Walker, A. R., Williamson, R., Zhang, Y., & Zuntz, J.. A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty305.
Baxter, E. J., Raghunathan, S., Crawford, T. M., Fosalba, P., Hou, Z., Holder, G. P., Omori, Y., Patil, S., Rozo, E., Abbott, T. M. C., Annis, J., Aylor, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Benson, B. A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M, Crites, A. T., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., da Costa, L. N., D'Andrea, C. B., Davis, C., de Haan, T., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Dodelson, S., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Estrada, J., Everett, W. B., Fausti Neto, A., Flaugher, B., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., George, E. M., Gaztanaga, E., Giannantonio, T., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Hartley, W. G., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hrubes, J. D., Jain, B., James, D. J., Jarvis, M., Jeltema, T., Knox, L., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Luong-Van, D., Manzotti, A., March, M., Marrone, D. P., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Ruhl, J. E., Rykoff, E., Sako, M., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Shirokoff, E., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A., Story, K., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Troxel, M. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., Walker, A. R., Williamson, R., Zhang, Y., and Zuntz, J.. Fri . "A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty305.
@article{osti_1435206,
title = {A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data},
author = {Baxter, E. J. and Raghunathan, S. and Crawford, T. M. and Fosalba, P. and Hou, Z. and Holder, G. P. and Omori, Y. and Patil, S. and Rozo, E. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Annis, J. and Aylor, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Benson, B. A. and Bertin, E. and Bleem, L. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Burke, D. L. and Carlstrom, J. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Chang, C. L. and Cho, H-M and Crites, A. T. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and da Costa, L. N. and D'Andrea, C. B. and Davis, C. and de Haan, T. and Desai, S. and Dietrich, J. P. and Dobbs, M. A. and Dodelson, S. and Doel, P. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Estrada, J. and Everett, W. B. and Fausti Neto, A. and Flaugher, B. and Frieman, J. and García-Bellido, J. and George, E. M. and Gaztanaga, E. and Giannantonio, T. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Halverson, N. W. and Harrington, N. L. and Hartley, W. G. and Holzapfel, W. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hrubes, J. D. and Jain, B. and James, D. J. and Jarvis, M. and Jeltema, T. and Knox, L. and Krause, E. and Kuehn, K. and Kuhlmann, S. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lee, A. T. and Leitch, E. M. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Luong-Van, D. and Manzotti, A. and March, M. and Marrone, D. P. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and McMahon, J. J. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Meyer, S. S. and Miller, C. J. and Miquel, R. and Mocanu, L. M. and Mohr, J. J. and Natoli, T. and Nord, B. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Padin, S. and Plazas, A. A. and Pryke, C. and Rapetti, D. and Reichardt, C. L. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Ruhl, J. E. and Rykoff, E. and Sako, M. and Sanchez, E. and Sayre, J. T. and Scarpine, V. and Schaffer, K. K. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Shirokoff, E. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Staniszewski, Z. and Stark, A. and Story, K. and Suchyta, E. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Troxel, M. A. and Vanderlinde, K. and Vieira, J. D. and Walker, A. R. and Williamson, R. and Zhang, Y. and Zuntz, J.},
abstractNote = {Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalog used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of $\bar{z} = 0.45$. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at $8.1\sigma$ significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly $17\%$ precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentering.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/sty305},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 476,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 09 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Fri Feb 09 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

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