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Title: Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets

Abstract

The physics and chemistry of liquid solutions play a central role in science, and our understanding of life on Earth. Unfortunately, key tools for interrogating aqueous systems, such as infrared and soft X-ray spectroscopy, cannot readily be applied because of strong absorption in water. Here we use gas-dynamic forces to generate free-flowing, sub-micron, liquid sheets which are two orders of magnitude thinner than anything previously reported. Optical, infrared, and X-ray spectroscopies are used to characterize the sheets, which are found to be tunable in thickness from over 1 μm down to less than 20 nm, which corresponds to fewer than 100 water molecules thick. At this thickness, aqueous sheets can readily transmit photons across the spectrum, leading to potentially transformative applications in infrared, X-ray, electron spectroscopies and beyond. Lastly, the ultrathin sheets are stable for days in vacuum, and we demonstrate their use at free-electron laser and synchrotron light sources.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic). ELI Beamlines Inst. of Physics; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States). Thayer School of Engineering
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL), Schenefeld (Germany)
  6. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Institutes of Health (NIH); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1434920
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1559165
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231; GM110501; GM126289
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Koralek, Jake D., Kim, Jongjin B., Bruza, Petr, Curry, Chandra B., Chen, Zhijiang, Bechtel, Hans A., Cordones, Amy A., Sperling, Philipp, Toleikis, Sven, Kern, Jan F., Moeller, Stefan P., Glenzer, Siegfried H., and DePonte, Daniel P. Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03696-w.
Koralek, Jake D., Kim, Jongjin B., Bruza, Petr, Curry, Chandra B., Chen, Zhijiang, Bechtel, Hans A., Cordones, Amy A., Sperling, Philipp, Toleikis, Sven, Kern, Jan F., Moeller, Stefan P., Glenzer, Siegfried H., & DePonte, Daniel P. Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03696-w.
Koralek, Jake D., Kim, Jongjin B., Bruza, Petr, Curry, Chandra B., Chen, Zhijiang, Bechtel, Hans A., Cordones, Amy A., Sperling, Philipp, Toleikis, Sven, Kern, Jan F., Moeller, Stefan P., Glenzer, Siegfried H., and DePonte, Daniel P. Tue . "Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03696-w. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1434920.
@article{osti_1434920,
title = {Generation and characterization of ultrathin free-flowing liquid sheets},
author = {Koralek, Jake D. and Kim, Jongjin B. and Bruza, Petr and Curry, Chandra B. and Chen, Zhijiang and Bechtel, Hans A. and Cordones, Amy A. and Sperling, Philipp and Toleikis, Sven and Kern, Jan F. and Moeller, Stefan P. and Glenzer, Siegfried H. and DePonte, Daniel P.},
abstractNote = {The physics and chemistry of liquid solutions play a central role in science, and our understanding of life on Earth. Unfortunately, key tools for interrogating aqueous systems, such as infrared and soft X-ray spectroscopy, cannot readily be applied because of strong absorption in water. Here we use gas-dynamic forces to generate free-flowing, sub-micron, liquid sheets which are two orders of magnitude thinner than anything previously reported. Optical, infrared, and X-ray spectroscopies are used to characterize the sheets, which are found to be tunable in thickness from over 1 μm down to less than 20 nm, which corresponds to fewer than 100 water molecules thick. At this thickness, aqueous sheets can readily transmit photons across the spectrum, leading to potentially transformative applications in infrared, X-ray, electron spectroscopies and beyond. Lastly, the ultrathin sheets are stable for days in vacuum, and we demonstrate their use at free-electron laser and synchrotron light sources.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-03696-w},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 4 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Microfluidic gas-dynamic nozzle. The microfluidic device for generating free-flowing liquid sheets is shown in a. The gas and liquid ports are on the underside of the chip on the left. Microfluidic channels for gas (outer), and liquid (central) can be traced to the output of the nozzle onmore » the right side of the chip. The chip dimensions are 6×19mm, and the scale bar is 6 mm. A close-up of the nozzle output is shown in b, where a blue dye has been introduced into the liquid channel. The scale bar in b is 100 μm« less

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Works referenced in this record:

Gas dynamic virtual nozzle for generation of microscopic droplet streams
journal, September 2008

  • DePonte, D. P.; Weierstall, U.; Schmidt, K.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 19, Article No. 195505
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/41/19/195505

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.