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Title: Migratory Behavior and Physiological Development as Potential Determinants of Life History Diversity in Fall Chinook Salmon in the Clearwater River

Abstract

We studied the influence of behavior, water velocity, and physiological development on the downstream movement of subyearling fall Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in free-flowing and impounded reaches of the Clearwater and Snake rivers as potential mechanisms that might explain life history diversity in this stock. Movement rates and the percentage of radio-tagged fish that moved faster than the average current velocity were highest in the free-flowing Clearwater River compared to impounded reaches. This provided support for our hypothesis that water velocity is a primary determinant of downstream movement regardless of a fish’s physiological development. In contrast, movement rates slowed and detections became fewer in impounded reaches where velocities were much lower. The percentage of fish that moved faster than the average current velocity continued to decline and reached zero in the lower-most reach of Lower Granite Reservoir suggesting that behavioral disposition to move downstream was low. These findings contrast those of a similar, previous study of Snake River subyearlings in spite of hydrodynamic conditions being similar. Physiological differences between Snake and Clearwater river migrants shed light on this disparity. Subyearlings from the Clearwater River were parr-like in their development and never showed an increase in gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity as didmore » smolts from the Snake River. The later emergence timing and cooler rearing temperatures in the Clearwater River may suppress normal physiological development that causes many fish to delay downstream movement and adopt a yearling life history strategy.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Fisheries Research Center, 5501-A Cook-Underwood Road Cook Washington 98605 USA
  2. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Fishery Resource Office, Post Office Box 18 Ahsahka Idaho 81530 USA
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Post Office Box 999 Richland Washington 99352 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1434863
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130393
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-8487; 400480000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 147; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-8487
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Tiffan, Kenneth F., Kock, Tobias J., Connor, William P., Richmond, Marshall C., and Perkins, William A. Migratory Behavior and Physiological Development as Potential Determinants of Life History Diversity in Fall Chinook Salmon in the Clearwater River. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/tafs.10035.
Tiffan, Kenneth F., Kock, Tobias J., Connor, William P., Richmond, Marshall C., & Perkins, William A. Migratory Behavior and Physiological Development as Potential Determinants of Life History Diversity in Fall Chinook Salmon in the Clearwater River. United States. doi:10.1002/tafs.10035.
Tiffan, Kenneth F., Kock, Tobias J., Connor, William P., Richmond, Marshall C., and Perkins, William A. Thu . "Migratory Behavior and Physiological Development as Potential Determinants of Life History Diversity in Fall Chinook Salmon in the Clearwater River". United States. doi:10.1002/tafs.10035.
@article{osti_1434863,
title = {Migratory Behavior and Physiological Development as Potential Determinants of Life History Diversity in Fall Chinook Salmon in the Clearwater River},
author = {Tiffan, Kenneth F. and Kock, Tobias J. and Connor, William P. and Richmond, Marshall C. and Perkins, William A.},
abstractNote = {We studied the influence of behavior, water velocity, and physiological development on the downstream movement of subyearling fall Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in free-flowing and impounded reaches of the Clearwater and Snake rivers as potential mechanisms that might explain life history diversity in this stock. Movement rates and the percentage of radio-tagged fish that moved faster than the average current velocity were highest in the free-flowing Clearwater River compared to impounded reaches. This provided support for our hypothesis that water velocity is a primary determinant of downstream movement regardless of a fish’s physiological development. In contrast, movement rates slowed and detections became fewer in impounded reaches where velocities were much lower. The percentage of fish that moved faster than the average current velocity continued to decline and reached zero in the lower-most reach of Lower Granite Reservoir suggesting that behavioral disposition to move downstream was low. These findings contrast those of a similar, previous study of Snake River subyearlings in spite of hydrodynamic conditions being similar. Physiological differences between Snake and Clearwater river migrants shed light on this disparity. Subyearlings from the Clearwater River were parr-like in their development and never showed an increase in gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity as did smolts from the Snake River. The later emergence timing and cooler rearing temperatures in the Clearwater River may suppress normal physiological development that causes many fish to delay downstream movement and adopt a yearling life history strategy.},
doi = {10.1002/tafs.10035},
journal = {Transactions of the American Fisheries Society},
issn = {0002-8487},
number = 2,
volume = 147,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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