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Title: Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services

Abstract

Today's electric vehicle (EV) owners charge their vehicles mostly at home and seldom use public direct current fast charger (DCFCs), reducing the need for a large deployment of DCFCs for private EV owners. However, due to the emerging interest among transportation network companies to operate EVs in their fleet, there is great potential for DCFCs to be highly utilized and become economically feasible in the future. This paper describes a heuristic algorithm to emulate operation of EVs within a hypothetical transportation network company fleet using a large global positioning system data set from Columbus, Ohio. DCFC requirements supporting operation of EVs are estimated using the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection tool. Operation and installation costs were estimated using real-world data to assess the economic feasibility of the recommended fast charging stations. Results suggest that the hypothetical transportation network company fleet increases daily vehicle miles traveled per EV with less overall down time, resulting in increased demand for DCFC. Sites with overhead service lines are recommended for hosting DCFC stations to minimize the need for trenching underground service lines. A negative relationship was found between cost per unit of energy and fast charging utilization, underscoring the importance of prioritizing utilization over installationmore » costs when siting DCFC stations. Although this preliminary analysis of the impacts of new mobility paradigms on alternative fueling infrastructure requirements has produced several key results, the complexity of the problem warrants further investigation.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Idaho National Laboratory
  3. Argonne National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1433795
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5400-70438
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at WCX 18: SAE World Congress Experience, 10-12 April 2018, Detroit, Michigan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; electric vehicles; fast charging; ride hailing; transportation network companies; charging stations

Citation Formats

Wood, Eric W, Rames, Clement L, Kontou, Eleftheria, Motoaki, Yutaka, Smart, John, and Zhou, Zhi. Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.4271/2018-01-0667.
Wood, Eric W, Rames, Clement L, Kontou, Eleftheria, Motoaki, Yutaka, Smart, John, & Zhou, Zhi. Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services. United States. doi:10.4271/2018-01-0667.
Wood, Eric W, Rames, Clement L, Kontou, Eleftheria, Motoaki, Yutaka, Smart, John, and Zhou, Zhi. Tue . "Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services". United States. doi:10.4271/2018-01-0667. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1433795.
@article{osti_1433795,
title = {Analysis of Fast Charging Station Network for Electrified Ride-Hailing Services},
author = {Wood, Eric W and Rames, Clement L and Kontou, Eleftheria and Motoaki, Yutaka and Smart, John and Zhou, Zhi},
abstractNote = {Today's electric vehicle (EV) owners charge their vehicles mostly at home and seldom use public direct current fast charger (DCFCs), reducing the need for a large deployment of DCFCs for private EV owners. However, due to the emerging interest among transportation network companies to operate EVs in their fleet, there is great potential for DCFCs to be highly utilized and become economically feasible in the future. This paper describes a heuristic algorithm to emulate operation of EVs within a hypothetical transportation network company fleet using a large global positioning system data set from Columbus, Ohio. DCFC requirements supporting operation of EVs are estimated using the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection tool. Operation and installation costs were estimated using real-world data to assess the economic feasibility of the recommended fast charging stations. Results suggest that the hypothetical transportation network company fleet increases daily vehicle miles traveled per EV with less overall down time, resulting in increased demand for DCFC. Sites with overhead service lines are recommended for hosting DCFC stations to minimize the need for trenching underground service lines. A negative relationship was found between cost per unit of energy and fast charging utilization, underscoring the importance of prioritizing utilization over installation costs when siting DCFC stations. Although this preliminary analysis of the impacts of new mobility paradigms on alternative fueling infrastructure requirements has produced several key results, the complexity of the problem warrants further investigation.},
doi = {10.4271/2018-01-0667},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Conference:
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