skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: GlcNAc-1-P-transferase–tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation

Abstract

N-linked glycosylation is a predominant post-translational modification of protein in eukaryotes, and its dysregulation is the etiology of several human disorders. The enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase (GlcNAc-1-P-transferase or GPT) catalyzes the first and committed step of N-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, and it is the target of the natural product tunicamycin. Tunicamycin has potent antibacterial activity, inhibiting the bacterial cell wall synthesis enzyme MraY, but its usefulness as an antibiotic is limited by off-target inhibition of human GPT. Our understanding of how tunicamycin inhibits N-linked glycosylation and efforts to selectively target MraY are hampered by a lack of structural information. Here we present crystal structures of human GPT in complex with tunicamycin. In conclusion, structural and functional analyses reveal the difference between GPT and MraY in their mechanisms of inhibition by tunicamycin. We demonstrate that this difference could be exploited to design MraY-specific inhibitors as potential antibiotics.


Citation Formats

Yoo, Jiho, Mashalidis, Ellene H., Kuk, Alvin C. Y., Yamamoto, Kazuki, Kaeser, Benjamin, Ichikawa, Satoshi, and Lee, Seok-Yong. GlcNAc-1-P-transferase–tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41594-018-0031-y.
Yoo, Jiho, Mashalidis, Ellene H., Kuk, Alvin C. Y., Yamamoto, Kazuki, Kaeser, Benjamin, Ichikawa, Satoshi, & Lee, Seok-Yong. GlcNAc-1-P-transferase–tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation. United States. doi:10.1038/s41594-018-0031-y.
Yoo, Jiho, Mashalidis, Ellene H., Kuk, Alvin C. Y., Yamamoto, Kazuki, Kaeser, Benjamin, Ichikawa, Satoshi, and Lee, Seok-Yong. Mon . "GlcNAc-1-P-transferase–tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation". United States. doi:10.1038/s41594-018-0031-y.
@article{osti_1433684,
title = {GlcNAc-1-P-transferase–tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation},
author = {Yoo, Jiho and Mashalidis, Ellene H. and Kuk, Alvin C. Y. and Yamamoto, Kazuki and Kaeser, Benjamin and Ichikawa, Satoshi and Lee, Seok-Yong},
abstractNote = {N-linked glycosylation is a predominant post-translational modification of protein in eukaryotes, and its dysregulation is the etiology of several human disorders. The enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase (GlcNAc-1-P-transferase or GPT) catalyzes the first and committed step of N-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, and it is the target of the natural product tunicamycin. Tunicamycin has potent antibacterial activity, inhibiting the bacterial cell wall synthesis enzyme MraY, but its usefulness as an antibiotic is limited by off-target inhibition of human GPT. Our understanding of how tunicamycin inhibits N-linked glycosylation and efforts to selectively target MraY are hampered by a lack of structural information. Here we present crystal structures of human GPT in complex with tunicamycin. In conclusion, structural and functional analyses reveal the difference between GPT and MraY in their mechanisms of inhibition by tunicamycin. We demonstrate that this difference could be exploited to design MraY-specific inhibitors as potential antibiotics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41594-018-0031-y},
journal = {Nature Structural & Molecular Biology},
issn = {1545-9993},
number = 3,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}