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Title: Distribution system costs associated with the deployment of photovoltaic systems

Abstract

The broadening of our energy system to include increasing amounts of wind and solar has led to significant debate about the total costs and benefits associated with different types of generators - with potentially far-reaching policy implications. This has included debate about the cost associated with integrating these generators onto the electric grid. For photovoltaics (PV), this encompasses costs incurred on both the bulk power and distribution systems, as well as the value provided to them. These costs and benefits, in particular those associated with integrating PV onto the distribution system, are not well understood. We seek to advance the state of understanding of 'grid integration costs' for the distribution system by reviewing prior literature and outlining a transparent, bottom-up approach that can be used to calculate these costs. We provide a clear delineation of costs to integrate PV in to the distribution system within the larger context of total costs and benefits associated with PV generators. We emphasize that these costs are situationally dependent, and that a single 'cost of integration' cannot be obtained. We additionally emphasize that benefits must be considered when evaluating the competitiveness of the technology in a given situation.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1433309
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-67005
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; distributed energy resources; distribution system cost; electric grid; energy economics; grid integration cost; photovoltaic systems; solar

Citation Formats

Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Palmintier, Bryan, Mather, Barry, and Denholm, Paul. Distribution system costs associated with the deployment of photovoltaic systems. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.080.
Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Palmintier, Bryan, Mather, Barry, & Denholm, Paul. Distribution system costs associated with the deployment of photovoltaic systems. United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.080.
Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Palmintier, Bryan, Mather, Barry, and Denholm, Paul. Sun . "Distribution system costs associated with the deployment of photovoltaic systems". United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.080.
@article{osti_1433309,
title = {Distribution system costs associated with the deployment of photovoltaic systems},
author = {Horowitz, Kelsey A. W. and Palmintier, Bryan and Mather, Barry and Denholm, Paul},
abstractNote = {The broadening of our energy system to include increasing amounts of wind and solar has led to significant debate about the total costs and benefits associated with different types of generators - with potentially far-reaching policy implications. This has included debate about the cost associated with integrating these generators onto the electric grid. For photovoltaics (PV), this encompasses costs incurred on both the bulk power and distribution systems, as well as the value provided to them. These costs and benefits, in particular those associated with integrating PV onto the distribution system, are not well understood. We seek to advance the state of understanding of 'grid integration costs' for the distribution system by reviewing prior literature and outlining a transparent, bottom-up approach that can be used to calculate these costs. We provide a clear delineation of costs to integrate PV in to the distribution system within the larger context of total costs and benefits associated with PV generators. We emphasize that these costs are situationally dependent, and that a single 'cost of integration' cannot be obtained. We additionally emphasize that benefits must be considered when evaluating the competitiveness of the technology in a given situation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.080},
journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
number = C,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}