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Title: Search for light scalar dark matter with atomic gravitational wave detectors

Abstract

We show that gravitational wave detectors based on a type of atom interferometry are sensitive to ultralight scalar dark matter. Such dark matter can cause temporal oscillations in fundamental constants with a frequency set by the dark matter mass and amplitude determined by the local dark matter density. The result is a modulation of atomic transition energies. We point out a new time-domain signature of this effect in a type of gravitational wave detector that compares two spatially separated atom interferometers referenced by a common laser. Such a detector can improve on current searches for electron-mass or electric-charge modulus dark matter by up to 10 orders of magnitude in coupling, in a frequency band complementary to that of other proposals. It demonstrates that this class of atomic sensors is qualitatively different from other gravitational wave detectors, including those based on laser interferometry. By using atomic-clock-like interferometers, laser noise is mitigated with only a single baseline. These atomic sensors can thus detect scalar signals in addition to tensor signals.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1433285
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1503888
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012012
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 97 Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Arvanitaki, Asimina, Graham, Peter W., Hogan, Jason M., Rajendran, Surjeet, and Van Tilburg, Ken. Search for light scalar dark matter with atomic gravitational wave detectors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.075020.
Arvanitaki, Asimina, Graham, Peter W., Hogan, Jason M., Rajendran, Surjeet, & Van Tilburg, Ken. Search for light scalar dark matter with atomic gravitational wave detectors. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.075020.
Arvanitaki, Asimina, Graham, Peter W., Hogan, Jason M., Rajendran, Surjeet, and Van Tilburg, Ken. Mon . "Search for light scalar dark matter with atomic gravitational wave detectors". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.075020.
@article{osti_1433285,
title = {Search for light scalar dark matter with atomic gravitational wave detectors},
author = {Arvanitaki, Asimina and Graham, Peter W. and Hogan, Jason M. and Rajendran, Surjeet and Van Tilburg, Ken},
abstractNote = {We show that gravitational wave detectors based on a type of atom interferometry are sensitive to ultralight scalar dark matter. Such dark matter can cause temporal oscillations in fundamental constants with a frequency set by the dark matter mass and amplitude determined by the local dark matter density. The result is a modulation of atomic transition energies. We point out a new time-domain signature of this effect in a type of gravitational wave detector that compares two spatially separated atom interferometers referenced by a common laser. Such a detector can improve on current searches for electron-mass or electric-charge modulus dark matter by up to 10 orders of magnitude in coupling, in a frequency band complementary to that of other proposals. It demonstrates that this class of atomic sensors is qualitatively different from other gravitational wave detectors, including those based on laser interferometry. By using atomic-clock-like interferometers, laser noise is mitigated with only a single baseline. These atomic sensors can thus detect scalar signals in addition to tensor signals.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.97.075020},
journal = {Physical Review D},
issn = {2470-0010},
number = 7,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.075020

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
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