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Title: The Cost of Distribution System Upgrades to Accommodate Increasing Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Systems on Real Feeders in the United States

Abstract

The increasing deployment of distributed photovoltaic systems (DPV) can impact operations at the distribution level and the transmission level of the electric grid. It is important to develop and implement forward-looking approaches for calculating distribution upgrade costs that can be used to inform system planning, market and tariff design, cost allocation, and other policymaking as penetration levels of DPV increase. Using a bottom-up approach that involves iterative hosting capacity analysis, this report calculates distribution upgrade costs as a function of DPV penetration on three real feeders - two in California and one in the Northeastern United States.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1432760
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-70710
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; distribution system upgrades; grid integration costs; distributed photovoltaics; cost analysis; solar

Citation Formats

Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Ding, Fei, Mather, Barry A., and Palmintier, Bryan S. The Cost of Distribution System Upgrades to Accommodate Increasing Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Systems on Real Feeders in the United States. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1432760.
Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Ding, Fei, Mather, Barry A., & Palmintier, Bryan S. The Cost of Distribution System Upgrades to Accommodate Increasing Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Systems on Real Feeders in the United States. United States. doi:10.2172/1432760.
Horowitz, Kelsey A. W., Ding, Fei, Mather, Barry A., and Palmintier, Bryan S. Thu . "The Cost of Distribution System Upgrades to Accommodate Increasing Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Systems on Real Feeders in the United States". United States. doi:10.2172/1432760. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1432760.
@article{osti_1432760,
title = {The Cost of Distribution System Upgrades to Accommodate Increasing Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Systems on Real Feeders in the United States},
author = {Horowitz, Kelsey A. W. and Ding, Fei and Mather, Barry A. and Palmintier, Bryan S.},
abstractNote = {The increasing deployment of distributed photovoltaic systems (DPV) can impact operations at the distribution level and the transmission level of the electric grid. It is important to develop and implement forward-looking approaches for calculating distribution upgrade costs that can be used to inform system planning, market and tariff design, cost allocation, and other policymaking as penetration levels of DPV increase. Using a bottom-up approach that involves iterative hosting capacity analysis, this report calculates distribution upgrade costs as a function of DPV penetration on three real feeders - two in California and one in the Northeastern United States.},
doi = {10.2172/1432760},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 05 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu Apr 05 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Technical Report:

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