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Title: First Measurement of Monoenergetic Muon Neutrino Charged Current Interactions

Abstract

We report the first measurement of monoenergetic muon neutrino charged current interactions. MiniBooNE has isolated 236 MeV muon neutrino events originating from charged kaon decay at rest ($$K^+ \rightarrow \mu^+ \nu_\mu$$) at the NuMI beamline absorber. These signal $$\nu_\mu$$-carbon events are distinguished from primarily pion decay in flight $$\nu_\mu$$ and $$\overline{\nu}_\mu$$ backgrounds produced at the target station and decay pipe using their arrival time and reconstructed muon energy. The significance of the signal observation is at the 3.9$$\sigma$$ level. The muon kinetic energy, neutrino-nucleus energy transfer ($$\omega=E_\nu-E_\mu$$), and total cross section for these events is extracted. Lastly, this result is the first known-energy, weak-interaction-only probe of the nucleus to yield a measurement of $$\omega$$ using neutrinos, a quantity thus far only accessible through electron scattering.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
MiniBooNE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1432100
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1432678; OSTI ID: 1438125
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-18-009-AD-ND-PPD; arXiv:1801.03848; LA-UR-18-22848
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1647569
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; Neutrino Cross Sections

Citation Formats

Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Brown, B. C., Bugel, L., Cheng, G., Church, E. D., Conrad, J. M., Cooper, R. L., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Finley, D. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Huelsnitz, W., Ignarra, C., Imlay, R., Johnson, R. A., Jordan, J. R., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Kobilarcik, T., Louis, W. C., Mahn, K., Mariani, C., Marsh, W., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Nienaber, P., Osmanov, B., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Russell, A. D., Shaevitz, M. H., Spitz, J., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R. G., Wascko, M. O., White, D. H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Zeller, G. P., and Zimmerman, E. D. First Measurement of Monoenergetic Muon Neutrino Charged Current Interactions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.141802.
Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Brown, B. C., Bugel, L., Cheng, G., Church, E. D., Conrad, J. M., Cooper, R. L., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Finley, D. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Huelsnitz, W., Ignarra, C., Imlay, R., Johnson, R. A., Jordan, J. R., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Kobilarcik, T., Louis, W. C., Mahn, K., Mariani, C., Marsh, W., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Nienaber, P., Osmanov, B., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Russell, A. D., Shaevitz, M. H., Spitz, J., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R. G., Wascko, M. O., White, D. H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Zeller, G. P., & Zimmerman, E. D. First Measurement of Monoenergetic Muon Neutrino Charged Current Interactions. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.141802.
Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A., Brown, B. C., Bugel, L., Cheng, G., Church, E. D., Conrad, J. M., Cooper, R. L., Dharmapalan, R., Djurcic, Z., Finley, D. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Ford, R., Garcia, F. G., Garvey, G. T., Grange, J., Huelsnitz, W., Ignarra, C., Imlay, R., Johnson, R. A., Jordan, J. R., Karagiorgi, G., Katori, T., Kobilarcik, T., Louis, W. C., Mahn, K., Mariani, C., Marsh, W., Mills, G. B., Mirabal, J., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Nienaber, P., Osmanov, B., Pavlovic, Z., Perevalov, D., Ray, H., Roe, B. P., Russell, A. D., Shaevitz, M. H., Spitz, J., Stancu, I., Tayloe, R., Thornton, R. T., Van de Water, R. G., Wascko, M. O., White, D. H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Zeller, G. P., and Zimmerman, E. D. Fri . "First Measurement of Monoenergetic Muon Neutrino Charged Current Interactions". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.141802.
@article{osti_1432100,
title = {First Measurement of Monoenergetic Muon Neutrino Charged Current Interactions},
author = {Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A. and Brown, B. C. and Bugel, L. and Cheng, G. and Church, E. D. and Conrad, J. M. and Cooper, R. L. and Dharmapalan, R. and Djurcic, Z. and Finley, D. A. and Fitzpatrick, R. S. and Ford, R. and Garcia, F. G. and Garvey, G. T. and Grange, J. and Huelsnitz, W. and Ignarra, C. and Imlay, R. and Johnson, R. A. and Jordan, J. R. and Karagiorgi, G. and Katori, T. and Kobilarcik, T. and Louis, W. C. and Mahn, K. and Mariani, C. and Marsh, W. and Mills, G. B. and Mirabal, J. and Moore, C. D. and Mousseau, J. and Nienaber, P. and Osmanov, B. and Pavlovic, Z. and Perevalov, D. and Ray, H. and Roe, B. P. and Russell, A. D. and Shaevitz, M. H. and Spitz, J. and Stancu, I. and Tayloe, R. and Thornton, R. T. and Van de Water, R. G. and Wascko, M. O. and White, D. H. and Wickremasinghe, D. A. and Zeller, G. P. and Zimmerman, E. D.},
abstractNote = {We report the first measurement of monoenergetic muon neutrino charged current interactions. MiniBooNE has isolated 236 MeV muon neutrino events originating from charged kaon decay at rest ($K^+ \rightarrow \mu^+ \nu_\mu$) at the NuMI beamline absorber. These signal $\nu_\mu$-carbon events are distinguished from primarily pion decay in flight $\nu_\mu$ and $\overline{\nu}_\mu$ backgrounds produced at the target station and decay pipe using their arrival time and reconstructed muon energy. The significance of the signal observation is at the 3.9$\sigma$ level. The muon kinetic energy, neutrino-nucleus energy transfer ($\omega=E_\nu-E_\mu$), and total cross section for these events is extracted. Lastly, this result is the first known-energy, weak-interaction-only probe of the nucleus to yield a measurement of $\omega$ using neutrinos, a quantity thus far only accessible through electron scattering.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.141802},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 14,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 06 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Fri Apr 06 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.141802

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