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Title: Assessing Potential Air Pollutant Emissions from Agricultural Feedstock Production using MOVES

Abstract

Biomass feedstock production is expected to grow as demand for biofuels and bioenergy increases. The change in air pollutant emissions that may result from large-scale biomass supply has implications for local air quality and human health. We developed spatially explicit emissions inventories for corn grain and six cellulosic feedstocks through the extension of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Feedstock Production Emissions to Air Model (FPEAM). These inventories include emissions of seven pollutants (nitrogen oxides, ammonia, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and carbon monoxide) generated from biomass establishment, maintenance, harvest, transportation, and biofuel preprocessing activities. By integrating the EPA's MOtor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) into FPEAM, we created a scalable framework to execute county-level runs of the MOVES-Onroad model for representative counties (i.e., those counties with the largest amount of cellulosic feedstock production in each state) on a national scale. We used these results to estimate emissions from the on-road transportation of biomass and combined them with county-level runs of the MOVES-Nonroad model to estimate emissions from agricultural equipment. We also incorporated documented emission factors to estimate emissions from chemical application and the operation of drying equipment for feedstock processing, and used methods developed by the EPA and themore » California Air Resources Board to estimate fugitive dust emissions. The model developed here could be applied to custom equipment budgets and is extensible to accommodate additional feedstocks and pollutants. Future work will also extend this model to analyze spatial boundaries beyond the county-scale (e.g., regional or sub-county levels).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1431249
Report Number(s):
NREL/PR-6A20-68980
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 2017 International Emissions Inventory Conference, 14-18 August 2017, Baltimore, Maryland
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; biomass; feedstock; air pollutants; emissions; estimates; inventories; modeling; feedstock production

Citation Formats

Eberle, Annika, Warner, Ethan, Zhang, Yi Min, Inman, Daniel J, Carpenter Petri, Alberta C, Heath, Garvin A, Hettinger, Dylan J, and Bhatt, Arpit H. Assessing Potential Air Pollutant Emissions from Agricultural Feedstock Production using MOVES. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Eberle, Annika, Warner, Ethan, Zhang, Yi Min, Inman, Daniel J, Carpenter Petri, Alberta C, Heath, Garvin A, Hettinger, Dylan J, & Bhatt, Arpit H. Assessing Potential Air Pollutant Emissions from Agricultural Feedstock Production using MOVES. United States.
Eberle, Annika, Warner, Ethan, Zhang, Yi Min, Inman, Daniel J, Carpenter Petri, Alberta C, Heath, Garvin A, Hettinger, Dylan J, and Bhatt, Arpit H. Thu . "Assessing Potential Air Pollutant Emissions from Agricultural Feedstock Production using MOVES". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431249.
@article{osti_1431249,
title = {Assessing Potential Air Pollutant Emissions from Agricultural Feedstock Production using MOVES},
author = {Eberle, Annika and Warner, Ethan and Zhang, Yi Min and Inman, Daniel J and Carpenter Petri, Alberta C and Heath, Garvin A and Hettinger, Dylan J and Bhatt, Arpit H},
abstractNote = {Biomass feedstock production is expected to grow as demand for biofuels and bioenergy increases. The change in air pollutant emissions that may result from large-scale biomass supply has implications for local air quality and human health. We developed spatially explicit emissions inventories for corn grain and six cellulosic feedstocks through the extension of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Feedstock Production Emissions to Air Model (FPEAM). These inventories include emissions of seven pollutants (nitrogen oxides, ammonia, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and carbon monoxide) generated from biomass establishment, maintenance, harvest, transportation, and biofuel preprocessing activities. By integrating the EPA's MOtor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) into FPEAM, we created a scalable framework to execute county-level runs of the MOVES-Onroad model for representative counties (i.e., those counties with the largest amount of cellulosic feedstock production in each state) on a national scale. We used these results to estimate emissions from the on-road transportation of biomass and combined them with county-level runs of the MOVES-Nonroad model to estimate emissions from agricultural equipment. We also incorporated documented emission factors to estimate emissions from chemical application and the operation of drying equipment for feedstock processing, and used methods developed by the EPA and the California Air Resources Board to estimate fugitive dust emissions. The model developed here could be applied to custom equipment budgets and is extensible to accommodate additional feedstocks and pollutants. Future work will also extend this model to analyze spatial boundaries beyond the county-scale (e.g., regional or sub-county levels).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
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