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Title: Estimating the Effects of Module Area on Thin-Film Photovoltaic System Costs: Preprint

Abstract

We investigate the potential effects of module area on the cost and performance of photovoltaic systems. Applying a bottom-up methodology, we analyzed the costs associated with thin-film modules and systems as a function of module area. We calculate a potential for savings of up to 0.10 dollars/W and 0.13 dollars/W in module manufacturing costs for CdTe and CIGS respectively, with large area modules. We also find that an additional 0.04 dollars/W savings in balance-of-systems costs may be achieved. Sensitivity of the dollar/W cost savings to module efficiency, manufacturing yield, and other parameters is presented. Lifetime energy yield must also be maintained to realize reductions in the levelized cost of energy; the effects of module size on energy yield for monolithic thin-film modules are not yet well understood. Finally, we discuss possible non-cost barriers to adoption of large area modules.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Purdue University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1431245
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-6A20-68506
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at 2017 IEEE 44th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 25-30 June 2017, Washington, DC
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; cost analysis; large module; photovoltaics; solar economics; thin-film

Citation Formats

Horowitz, Kelsey A, Fu, Ran, Silverman, Timothy J, Woodhouse, Michael A, Sun, Xingshu, and Alam, Muhammad A. Estimating the Effects of Module Area on Thin-Film Photovoltaic System Costs: Preprint. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Horowitz, Kelsey A, Fu, Ran, Silverman, Timothy J, Woodhouse, Michael A, Sun, Xingshu, & Alam, Muhammad A. Estimating the Effects of Module Area on Thin-Film Photovoltaic System Costs: Preprint. United States.
Horowitz, Kelsey A, Fu, Ran, Silverman, Timothy J, Woodhouse, Michael A, Sun, Xingshu, and Alam, Muhammad A. Thu . "Estimating the Effects of Module Area on Thin-Film Photovoltaic System Costs: Preprint". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431245.
@article{osti_1431245,
title = {Estimating the Effects of Module Area on Thin-Film Photovoltaic System Costs: Preprint},
author = {Horowitz, Kelsey A and Fu, Ran and Silverman, Timothy J and Woodhouse, Michael A and Sun, Xingshu and Alam, Muhammad A},
abstractNote = {We investigate the potential effects of module area on the cost and performance of photovoltaic systems. Applying a bottom-up methodology, we analyzed the costs associated with thin-film modules and systems as a function of module area. We calculate a potential for savings of up to 0.10 dollars/W and 0.13 dollars/W in module manufacturing costs for CdTe and CIGS respectively, with large area modules. We also find that an additional 0.04 dollars/W savings in balance-of-systems costs may be achieved. Sensitivity of the dollar/W cost savings to module efficiency, manufacturing yield, and other parameters is presented. Lifetime energy yield must also be maintained to realize reductions in the levelized cost of energy; the effects of module size on energy yield for monolithic thin-film modules are not yet well understood. Finally, we discuss possible non-cost barriers to adoption of large area modules.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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