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Title: Ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled porosity for micro- and nano-scale systems

Abstract

Here, we present a methodology for developing ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled morphologies. Formvar is a thin hydrophilic and oleophilic polymer inert to most chemicals and resistant to radiation. The formvar-based membranes are viable materials as support structures in micro- and macro-scale systems depending on thinness and porosity control. Tunable sub-micron thick porous membranes with 20%–65% porosity were synthesized by controlling the ratios of formvar, glycerol, and chloroform. This synthesis process does not require complex separation or handling methods and allows for the production of strong, thin, and porous formvar-based membranes. An expansive array of these membrane characterizations including chemical compatibility, mechanical responses, wettability, as well as the mathematical simulations as a function of porosity has been presented. The wide range of chemical compatibility allows for membrane applications in various environments, where other polymers would not be suitable. Our formvar-based membranes were found to have an elastic modulus of 7.8 GPa, a surface free energy of 50 mN m -1 and an average thickness of 125 nm. Stochastic model simulations indicate that formvar with the porosity of ~50% is the optimal membrane formulation, allowing the most material transfer across the membrane while also withstanding the highest simulated pressuremore » loadings before tearing. Development of novel, resilient and versatile membranes with controlled porosity offers a wide range of exciting applications in the fields of nanoscience, microfluidics, and MEMS.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1431081
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-30884
Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science

Citation Formats

Auchter, Eric Lawrence, Marquez, Justin Ryan, Stevens, Garrison Nicole, Silva, Rebecca, Mcculloch, Quinn, Guengerich, Quintessa, Blair, Andrew, Litchfield, Sebastian, Li, Nan, Sheehan, Chris J., Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Yarbro, Stephen Lee, and Dervishi, Enkeleda. Ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled porosity for micro- and nano-scale systems. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aab4a4.
Auchter, Eric Lawrence, Marquez, Justin Ryan, Stevens, Garrison Nicole, Silva, Rebecca, Mcculloch, Quinn, Guengerich, Quintessa, Blair, Andrew, Litchfield, Sebastian, Li, Nan, Sheehan, Chris J., Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Yarbro, Stephen Lee, & Dervishi, Enkeleda. Ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled porosity for micro- and nano-scale systems. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aab4a4.
Auchter, Eric Lawrence, Marquez, Justin Ryan, Stevens, Garrison Nicole, Silva, Rebecca, Mcculloch, Quinn, Guengerich, Quintessa, Blair, Andrew, Litchfield, Sebastian, Li, Nan, Sheehan, Chris J., Chamberlin, Rebecca M., Yarbro, Stephen Lee, and Dervishi, Enkeleda. Wed . "Ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled porosity for micro- and nano-scale systems". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/aab4a4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431081.
@article{osti_1431081,
title = {Ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled porosity for micro- and nano-scale systems},
author = {Auchter, Eric Lawrence and Marquez, Justin Ryan and Stevens, Garrison Nicole and Silva, Rebecca and Mcculloch, Quinn and Guengerich, Quintessa and Blair, Andrew and Litchfield, Sebastian and Li, Nan and Sheehan, Chris J. and Chamberlin, Rebecca M. and Yarbro, Stephen Lee and Dervishi, Enkeleda},
abstractNote = {Here, we present a methodology for developing ultra-thin and strong formvar-based membranes with controlled morphologies. Formvar is a thin hydrophilic and oleophilic polymer inert to most chemicals and resistant to radiation. The formvar-based membranes are viable materials as support structures in micro- and macro-scale systems depending on thinness and porosity control. Tunable sub-micron thick porous membranes with 20%–65% porosity were synthesized by controlling the ratios of formvar, glycerol, and chloroform. This synthesis process does not require complex separation or handling methods and allows for the production of strong, thin, and porous formvar-based membranes. An expansive array of these membrane characterizations including chemical compatibility, mechanical responses, wettability, as well as the mathematical simulations as a function of porosity has been presented. The wide range of chemical compatibility allows for membrane applications in various environments, where other polymers would not be suitable. Our formvar-based membranes were found to have an elastic modulus of 7.8 GPa, a surface free energy of 50 mN m-1 and an average thickness of 125 nm. Stochastic model simulations indicate that formvar with the porosity of ~50% is the optimal membrane formulation, allowing the most material transfer across the membrane while also withstanding the highest simulated pressure loadings before tearing. Development of novel, resilient and versatile membranes with controlled porosity offers a wide range of exciting applications in the fields of nanoscience, microfluidics, and MEMS.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6528/aab4a4},
journal = {Nanotechnology},
number = 21,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Wed Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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