skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Synchrotron-based ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium

Abstract

Contrary to popular belief, it is possible to obtain X-ray photoelectron spectra for elements lighter than lithium, namely hydrogen and helium. The literature is plagued with claims of this impossibility, which holds true for lab-based X-ray sources. However, this limitation is merely technical and is related mostly to the low X-ray photoionization cross-sections of the 1s orbitals of hydrogen and helium. Here, we show that, using ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), a bright-enough X-ray source allows the study of these elusive elements. This has important implications in the understanding of the limitations of one of the most useful techniques in materials science, and moreover, it potentially opens the possibility of using XPS to directly study the most abundant element in the universe.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
  3. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  4. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Integrated Mesoscale Architectures for Sustainable Catalysis (IMASC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS)
OSTI Identifier:
1430858
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1423385
Report Number(s):
BNL-203379-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; TRN: US1802506
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0012573; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Spectroscopy; Condensed matter properties; X-ray spectroscopy; Chemical analysis; Surface collisions; Photoionization; Optical sources; Materials analysis; Physical optics; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Zhong, Jian-Qiang, Wang, Mengen, Hoffmann, William H., van Spronsen, Matthijs A., Lu, Deyu, and Boscoboinik, J. Anibal. Synchrotron-based ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5022479.
Zhong, Jian-Qiang, Wang, Mengen, Hoffmann, William H., van Spronsen, Matthijs A., Lu, Deyu, & Boscoboinik, J. Anibal. Synchrotron-based ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5022479
Zhong, Jian-Qiang, Wang, Mengen, Hoffmann, William H., van Spronsen, Matthijs A., Lu, Deyu, and Boscoboinik, J. Anibal. 2018. "Synchrotron-based ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5022479. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430858.
@article{osti_1430858,
title = {Synchrotron-based ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of hydrogen and helium},
author = {Zhong, Jian-Qiang and Wang, Mengen and Hoffmann, William H. and van Spronsen, Matthijs A. and Lu, Deyu and Boscoboinik, J. Anibal},
abstractNote = {Contrary to popular belief, it is possible to obtain X-ray photoelectron spectra for elements lighter than lithium, namely hydrogen and helium. The literature is plagued with claims of this impossibility, which holds true for lab-based X-ray sources. However, this limitation is merely technical and is related mostly to the low X-ray photoionization cross-sections of the 1s orbitals of hydrogen and helium. Here, we show that, using ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), a bright-enough X-ray source allows the study of these elusive elements. This has important implications in the understanding of the limitations of one of the most useful techniques in materials science, and moreover, it potentially opens the possibility of using XPS to directly study the most abundant element in the universe.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5022479},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1430858}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 9,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996


A Comparison of the Adsorption and Diffusion of Hydrogen on the {111} Surfaces of Ni, Pd, and Pt from Density Functional Theory Calculations
journal, May 2001


A review on clean energy solutions for better sustainability: A review on clean energy solutions for better sustainability
journal, March 2015


Investigation of solid/vapor interfaces using ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
journal, January 2013


Atomic subshell photoionization cross sections and asymmetry parameters: 1 ⩽ Z ⩽ 103
journal, January 1985


985. Molecular photoelectron spectroscopy. Part I. The hydrogen and nitrogen molecules
journal, January 1963


Why Can’t We See Hydrogen in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy?
journal, July 2012


Efficiency of ab-initio total energy calculations for metals and semiconductors using a plane-wave basis set
journal, July 1996


The nature of hydrogen in x‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy: General patterns from hydroxides to hydrogen bonding
journal, May 1996

  • Kerber, S. J.; Bruckner, J. J.; Wozniak, K.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • https://doi.org/10.1116/1.579947

Hydrogen and Deuterium Exchange on Pt(111) and Its Poisoning by Carbon Monoxide Studied by Surface Sensitive High-Pressure Techniques
journal, October 2006


The dissociative adsorption of hydrogen on defect-‘free’ Pt(111)
journal, July 2010


A differentially pumped electrostatic lens system for photoemission studies in the millibar range
journal, November 2002


Direct Work Function Measurement by Gas Phase Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Its Application on PbS Nanoparticles
journal, November 2013


Dissociative photoionization of H 2 from 18 to 124 eV
journal, July 1993


In situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of complex oxides under gas and vacuum environments
journal, November 2017


Adsorption of hydrogen on a Pt(111) surface
journal, February 1976


Synchrotron-based Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, March 2014


The dissociative adsorption of hydrogen on Pt(111): Actuation and acceleration by atomic defects
journal, February 2011


Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (E.S.C.A.)
journal, November 1970


Graphene Membranes for Atmospheric Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, April 2016


Numerical investigation of the validity of the Slater-Janak transition-state model in metallic systems
journal, October 2005


High coherent flux at the NSLS-II coherent soft x-ray beamline
journal, March 2013


A surface core-level shift study of hydrogen interaction with Rh(111)
journal, September 2004


ESCA applied to liquids
journal, January 1973


Towards the computational design of solid catalysts
journal, April 2009


Oxidation and Reduction under Cover: Chemistry at the Confined Space between Ultrathin Nanoporous Silicates and Ru(0001)
journal, April 2016


Vibrational States of the Hydrogen Molecular Ion
journal, August 1960


Energetics and Vibrational States for Hydrogen on Pt(111)
journal, March 2002


HeI α photoelectron modulation spectroscopy of H 2 and D 2
journal, December 1985


The survey of key technologies in hydrogen energy storage
journal, September 2016


High-resolution X-ray luminescence extension imaging
journal, February 2021


Works referencing / citing this record:

Nondipole effects in helium ionization by intense soft x-ray laser pulses
journal, June 2019