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Title: Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering

Abstract

Direct metal laser sintering is an additive manufacturing process which is capable of fabricating three-dimensional components using a laser energy source and metal powder particles. Despite the numerous benefits offered by this technology, the process maturity is low with respect to traditional subtractive manufacturing methods. Relationships between key processing parameters and final part properties are generally lacking and require further development. In this study, residual stresses were evaluated as a function of key process variables. The variables evaluated included laser scan strategy and build plate preheat temperature. Residual stresses were measured experimentally via neutron diffraction and computationally via finite element analysis. Good agreement was shown between the experimental and computational results. Results showed variations in the residual stress profile as a function of laser scan strategy. Compressive stresses were dominant along the build height (z) direction, and tensile stresses were dominant in the x and y directions. Build plate preheating was shown to be an effective method for alleviating residual stress due to the reduction in thermal gradient.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Welding Engineering Program, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1430616
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Welding in the World
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Welding in the World; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-2288
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Additive manufacturing; Direct metal laser sintering; Residual stress; Neutron diffraction; SYSWELD

Citation Formats

Kemerling, Brandon, Lippold, John C., Fancher, Christopher M., and Bunn, Jeffrey R. Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s40194-018-0572-z.
Kemerling, Brandon, Lippold, John C., Fancher, Christopher M., & Bunn, Jeffrey R. Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering. United States. doi:10.1007/s40194-018-0572-z.
Kemerling, Brandon, Lippold, John C., Fancher, Christopher M., and Bunn, Jeffrey R. Thu . "Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering". United States. doi:10.1007/s40194-018-0572-z.
@article{osti_1430616,
title = {Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering},
author = {Kemerling, Brandon and Lippold, John C. and Fancher, Christopher M. and Bunn, Jeffrey R.},
abstractNote = {Direct metal laser sintering is an additive manufacturing process which is capable of fabricating three-dimensional components using a laser energy source and metal powder particles. Despite the numerous benefits offered by this technology, the process maturity is low with respect to traditional subtractive manufacturing methods. Relationships between key processing parameters and final part properties are generally lacking and require further development. In this study, residual stresses were evaluated as a function of key process variables. The variables evaluated included laser scan strategy and build plate preheat temperature. Residual stresses were measured experimentally via neutron diffraction and computationally via finite element analysis. Good agreement was shown between the experimental and computational results. Results showed variations in the residual stress profile as a function of laser scan strategy. Compressive stresses were dominant along the build height (z) direction, and tensile stresses were dominant in the x and y directions. Build plate preheating was shown to be an effective method for alleviating residual stress due to the reduction in thermal gradient.},
doi = {10.1007/s40194-018-0572-z},
journal = {Welding in the World},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on March 22, 2019
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