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Title: Red Phosphorus-Embedded Cross-Link-Structural Carbon Films as Flexible Anodes for Highly Reversible Li-Ion Storage

Abstract

Red phosphorus (P) is considered to be one of the most attractive anodic materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high theoretical capacity of 2596 mAh g–1. However, intrinsic characteristics such as the poor electronic conductivity and large volume expansion at lithiation impede the development of red P. Here, we design a new strategy to embed red P particles into a cross-link-structural carbon film (P–C film), in order to improve the electronic conductivity and accommodate the volume expansion. The red P/carbon film is synthesized via vapor phase polymerization (VPP) followed by the pyrolysis process, working as a flexible binder-free anode for LIBs. High cycle stability and good rate capability are achieved by the P–C film anode. With 21% P content in the film, it displays a capacity of 903 mAh g–1 after 640 cycles at a current density of 100 mA g–1 and a capacity of 460 mAh g–1 after 1000 cycles at 2.0 A g–1. Additionally, the Coulombic efficiency reaches almost 100% for each cycle. The superior properties of the P–C films together with their facile fabrication make this material attractive for further flexible and high energy density LIB applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ; ORCiD logo;  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
  2. Shanghai Electrochemical Energy Devices Research Center, Department of Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
  3. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois 60439, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation of China
OSTI Identifier:
1430222
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces; Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 41
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ruan, Jiafeng, Yuan, Tao, Pang, Yuepeng, Xu, Xinbo, Yang, Junhe, Hu, Wenbin, Zhong, Cheng, Ma, Zi-Feng, Bi, Xuanxuan, and Zheng, Shiyou. Red Phosphorus-Embedded Cross-Link-Structural Carbon Films as Flexible Anodes for Highly Reversible Li-Ion Storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b12556.
Ruan, Jiafeng, Yuan, Tao, Pang, Yuepeng, Xu, Xinbo, Yang, Junhe, Hu, Wenbin, Zhong, Cheng, Ma, Zi-Feng, Bi, Xuanxuan, & Zheng, Shiyou. Red Phosphorus-Embedded Cross-Link-Structural Carbon Films as Flexible Anodes for Highly Reversible Li-Ion Storage. United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b12556.
Ruan, Jiafeng, Yuan, Tao, Pang, Yuepeng, Xu, Xinbo, Yang, Junhe, Hu, Wenbin, Zhong, Cheng, Ma, Zi-Feng, Bi, Xuanxuan, and Zheng, Shiyou. Fri . "Red Phosphorus-Embedded Cross-Link-Structural Carbon Films as Flexible Anodes for Highly Reversible Li-Ion Storage". United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b12556.
@article{osti_1430222,
title = {Red Phosphorus-Embedded Cross-Link-Structural Carbon Films as Flexible Anodes for Highly Reversible Li-Ion Storage},
author = {Ruan, Jiafeng and Yuan, Tao and Pang, Yuepeng and Xu, Xinbo and Yang, Junhe and Hu, Wenbin and Zhong, Cheng and Ma, Zi-Feng and Bi, Xuanxuan and Zheng, Shiyou},
abstractNote = {Red phosphorus (P) is considered to be one of the most attractive anodic materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high theoretical capacity of 2596 mAh g–1. However, intrinsic characteristics such as the poor electronic conductivity and large volume expansion at lithiation impede the development of red P. Here, we design a new strategy to embed red P particles into a cross-link-structural carbon film (P–C film), in order to improve the electronic conductivity and accommodate the volume expansion. The red P/carbon film is synthesized via vapor phase polymerization (VPP) followed by the pyrolysis process, working as a flexible binder-free anode for LIBs. High cycle stability and good rate capability are achieved by the P–C film anode. With 21% P content in the film, it displays a capacity of 903 mAh g–1 after 640 cycles at a current density of 100 mA g–1 and a capacity of 460 mAh g–1 after 1000 cycles at 2.0 A g–1. Additionally, the Coulombic efficiency reaches almost 100% for each cycle. The superior properties of the P–C films together with their facile fabrication make this material attractive for further flexible and high energy density LIB applications.},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.7b12556},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = 41,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 06 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Oct 06 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}