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Title: Fuel Cell Backup Power System for Grid Service and Micro-Grid in Telecommunication Applications: Preprint

Abstract

This paper presents the feasibility and economics of using fuel cell backup power systems in telecommunication cell towers to provide grid services (e.g., ancillary services, demand response). The fuel cells are able to provide power for the cell tower during emergency conditions. This study evaluates the strategic integration of clean, efficient, and reliable fuel cell systems with the grid for improved economic benefits. The backup systems have potential as enhanced capability through information exchanges with the power grid to add value as grid services that depend on location and time. The economic analysis has been focused on the potential revenue for distributed telecommunications fuel cell backup units to provide value-added power supply. This paper shows case studies on current fuel cell backup power locations and regional grid service programs. The grid service benefits and system configurations for different operation modes provide opportunities for expanding backup fuel cell applications responsive to grid needs. The objective of this work primarily focuses on how fuel cells can become a significant part of the telecom backup power to reduce system costs, environmental impact, and dependence on fossil fuels, while ensuring continuity of indispensable service for mobile users. The study identifies the approaches on themore » fuel cell application through nano/microgrids for an extensive network of fuel cells as distributed energy resources. The possibilities of various application scenarios extend the fuel cell technologies and microgrid for reliable power supply.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1430175
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5500-70990
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: To be presented at ASME 2018 Power and Energy Conference, 24-28 June 2018, Lake Buena Vista, Florida
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; fuel cells; hydrogen; backup power; microgrid; grid service; cell tower

Citation Formats

Ma, Zhiwen, Eichman, Joshua D, and Kurtz, Jennifer M. Fuel Cell Backup Power System for Grid Service and Micro-Grid in Telecommunication Applications: Preprint. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1115/ES2018-7184.
Ma, Zhiwen, Eichman, Joshua D, & Kurtz, Jennifer M. Fuel Cell Backup Power System for Grid Service and Micro-Grid in Telecommunication Applications: Preprint. United States. doi:10.1115/ES2018-7184.
Ma, Zhiwen, Eichman, Joshua D, and Kurtz, Jennifer M. Thu . "Fuel Cell Backup Power System for Grid Service and Micro-Grid in Telecommunication Applications: Preprint". United States. doi:10.1115/ES2018-7184. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430175.
@article{osti_1430175,
title = {Fuel Cell Backup Power System for Grid Service and Micro-Grid in Telecommunication Applications: Preprint},
author = {Ma, Zhiwen and Eichman, Joshua D and Kurtz, Jennifer M},
abstractNote = {This paper presents the feasibility and economics of using fuel cell backup power systems in telecommunication cell towers to provide grid services (e.g., ancillary services, demand response). The fuel cells are able to provide power for the cell tower during emergency conditions. This study evaluates the strategic integration of clean, efficient, and reliable fuel cell systems with the grid for improved economic benefits. The backup systems have potential as enhanced capability through information exchanges with the power grid to add value as grid services that depend on location and time. The economic analysis has been focused on the potential revenue for distributed telecommunications fuel cell backup units to provide value-added power supply. This paper shows case studies on current fuel cell backup power locations and regional grid service programs. The grid service benefits and system configurations for different operation modes provide opportunities for expanding backup fuel cell applications responsive to grid needs. The objective of this work primarily focuses on how fuel cells can become a significant part of the telecom backup power to reduce system costs, environmental impact, and dependence on fossil fuels, while ensuring continuity of indispensable service for mobile users. The study identifies the approaches on the fuel cell application through nano/microgrids for an extensive network of fuel cells as distributed energy resources. The possibilities of various application scenarios extend the fuel cell technologies and microgrid for reliable power supply.},
doi = {10.1115/ES2018-7184},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
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