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Title: The Need for Integrating the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the United States of America

Abstract

Current practice for commercial spent nuclear fuel management in the United States of America (US) includes storage of spent fuel in both pools and dry storage cask systems at nuclear power plants. Most storage pools are filled to their operational capacity, and management of the approximately 2,200 metric tons of spent fuel newly discharged each year requires transferring older and cooler fuel from pools into dry storage. In the absence of a repository that can accept spent fuel for permanent disposal, projections indicate that the US will have approximately 134,000 metric tons of spent fuel in dry storage by mid-century when the last plants in the current reactor fleet are decommissioned. Current designs for storage systems rely on large dual-purpose (storage and transportation) canisters that are not optimized for disposal. Various options exist in the US for improving integration of management practices across the entire back end of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1429717
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-13610J
Journal ID: ISSN 2059-8521; applab; 659567
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: MRS Advances; Journal ID: ISSN 2059-8521
Publisher:
Materials Research Society (MRS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Bonano, Evaristo J., Kalinina, Elena A., and Swift, Peter N.. The Need for Integrating the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the United States of America. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1557/adv.2018.231.
Bonano, Evaristo J., Kalinina, Elena A., & Swift, Peter N.. The Need for Integrating the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the United States of America. United States. doi:10.1557/adv.2018.231.
Bonano, Evaristo J., Kalinina, Elena A., and Swift, Peter N.. Mon . "The Need for Integrating the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the United States of America". United States. doi:10.1557/adv.2018.231.
@article{osti_1429717,
title = {The Need for Integrating the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the United States of America},
author = {Bonano, Evaristo J. and Kalinina, Elena A. and Swift, Peter N.},
abstractNote = {Current practice for commercial spent nuclear fuel management in the United States of America (US) includes storage of spent fuel in both pools and dry storage cask systems at nuclear power plants. Most storage pools are filled to their operational capacity, and management of the approximately 2,200 metric tons of spent fuel newly discharged each year requires transferring older and cooler fuel from pools into dry storage. In the absence of a repository that can accept spent fuel for permanent disposal, projections indicate that the US will have approximately 134,000 metric tons of spent fuel in dry storage by mid-century when the last plants in the current reactor fleet are decommissioned. Current designs for storage systems rely on large dual-purpose (storage and transportation) canisters that are not optimized for disposal. Various options exist in the US for improving integration of management practices across the entire back end of the nuclear fuel cycle.},
doi = {10.1557/adv.2018.231},
journal = {MRS Advances},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Feb 26 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Mon Feb 26 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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