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Title: Non-Destructive Inspection Approach Using Ultrasound to Identify the Material State for Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Materials

Abstract

At present, there are many methods to identify the temperature and phase of a material using invasive techniques. However, most current methods require physical contact or implicit methods utilizing light reflectance of the specimen. In this paper, we present a nondestructive inspection method using ultrasonic wave technology that circumvents these disadvantages to identify phase change regions and infer the temperature state of a material. In the present study an experiment is performed to monitor the time of flight within a wax as it undergoes melting and the subsequent cooling. Results presented in this work show a clear relationship between a material’s speed of sound and its temperature. The phase change transition of the material is clear from the time of flight results, and in the case of the investigated material, this change in the material state occurs over a range of temperatures. The range of temperatures over which the wax material melts is readily identified by speed of sound represented as a function of material temperature. The melt temperature, obtained acoustically, is validated using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), which uses shifts in heat flow rates to identify phase transition temperature ranges. Lastly, the investigated ultrasonic NDE method has direct applicationsmore » in many industries, including oil and gas, food and beverage, and polymer composites, in addition to many implications for future capabilities of nondestructive inspection of multi-phase materials.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Baylor Univ., Waco, TX (United States). Department of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1429655
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-11254J
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X; 657885
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1949; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Jost, Elliott, Jack, David, and Moore, David G. Non-Destructive Inspection Approach Using Ultrasound to Identify the Material State for Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5031617.
Jost, Elliott, Jack, David, & Moore, David G. Non-Destructive Inspection Approach Using Ultrasound to Identify the Material State for Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Materials. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031617.
Jost, Elliott, Jack, David, and Moore, David G. Sun . "Non-Destructive Inspection Approach Using Ultrasound to Identify the Material State for Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Materials". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5031617.
@article{osti_1429655,
title = {Non-Destructive Inspection Approach Using Ultrasound to Identify the Material State for Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Materials},
author = {Jost, Elliott and Jack, David and Moore, David G.},
abstractNote = {At present, there are many methods to identify the temperature and phase of a material using invasive techniques. However, most current methods require physical contact or implicit methods utilizing light reflectance of the specimen. In this paper, we present a nondestructive inspection method using ultrasonic wave technology that circumvents these disadvantages to identify phase change regions and infer the temperature state of a material. In the present study an experiment is performed to monitor the time of flight within a wax as it undergoes melting and the subsequent cooling. Results presented in this work show a clear relationship between a material’s speed of sound and its temperature. The phase change transition of the material is clear from the time of flight results, and in the case of the investigated material, this change in the material state occurs over a range of temperatures. The range of temperatures over which the wax material melts is readily identified by speed of sound represented as a function of material temperature. The melt temperature, obtained acoustically, is validated using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), which uses shifts in heat flow rates to identify phase transition temperature ranges. Lastly, the investigated ultrasonic NDE method has direct applications in many industries, including oil and gas, food and beverage, and polymer composites, in addition to many implications for future capabilities of nondestructive inspection of multi-phase materials.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5031617},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = ,
volume = 1949,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on April 1, 2019
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