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Title: Dynamic Tensile Experimental Techniques for Geomaterials: A Comprehensive Review

Abstract

Here, this review article is dedicated to the Dynamic Behavior of Materials Technical Division for celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM). Understanding dynamic behavior of geomaterials is critical for analyzing and solving engineering problems of various applications related to underground explosions, seismic, airblast, and penetration events. Determining the dynamic tensile response of geomaterials has been a great challenge in experiments due to the nature of relatively low tensile strength and high brittleness. Various experimental approaches have been made in the past century, especially in the most recent half century, to understand the dynamic behavior of geomaterials in tension. In this review paper, we summarized the dynamic tensile experimental techniques for geomaterials that have been developed. The major dynamic tensile experimental techniques include dynamic direct tension, dynamic split tension, and spall tension. All three of the experimental techniques are based on Hopkinson or split Hopkinson (also known as Kolsky) bar techniques and principles. Finally, uniqueness and limitations for each experimental technique are also discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5]
  1. U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS (United States); Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX (United States). Department of Mechanical Engineering
  4. U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Eglin AFB (United States)
  5. Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX (United States). Department of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1429654
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-11250J
Journal ID: ISSN 2199-7446; 657881
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2199-7446
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; 58 GEOSCIENCES; Dynamic tension; geomaterials; high strain rate; Hopkinson bar; Kolsky bar

Citation Formats

Heard, W., Song, B., Williams, B., Martin, B., Sparks, P., and Nie, X. Dynamic Tensile Experimental Techniques for Geomaterials: A Comprehensive Review. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s40870-017-0139-x.
Heard, W., Song, B., Williams, B., Martin, B., Sparks, P., & Nie, X. Dynamic Tensile Experimental Techniques for Geomaterials: A Comprehensive Review. United States. doi:10.1007/s40870-017-0139-x.
Heard, W., Song, B., Williams, B., Martin, B., Sparks, P., and Nie, X. Wed . "Dynamic Tensile Experimental Techniques for Geomaterials: A Comprehensive Review". United States. doi:10.1007/s40870-017-0139-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429654.
@article{osti_1429654,
title = {Dynamic Tensile Experimental Techniques for Geomaterials: A Comprehensive Review},
author = {Heard, W. and Song, B. and Williams, B. and Martin, B. and Sparks, P. and Nie, X.},
abstractNote = {Here, this review article is dedicated to the Dynamic Behavior of Materials Technical Division for celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM). Understanding dynamic behavior of geomaterials is critical for analyzing and solving engineering problems of various applications related to underground explosions, seismic, airblast, and penetration events. Determining the dynamic tensile response of geomaterials has been a great challenge in experiments due to the nature of relatively low tensile strength and high brittleness. Various experimental approaches have been made in the past century, especially in the most recent half century, to understand the dynamic behavior of geomaterials in tension. In this review paper, we summarized the dynamic tensile experimental techniques for geomaterials that have been developed. The major dynamic tensile experimental techniques include dynamic direct tension, dynamic split tension, and spall tension. All three of the experimental techniques are based on Hopkinson or split Hopkinson (also known as Kolsky) bar techniques and principles. Finally, uniqueness and limitations for each experimental technique are also discussed.},
doi = {10.1007/s40870-017-0139-x},
journal = {Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials},
issn = {2199-7446},
number = 1,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1. Figure 1.: Illustration of a general Kolsky compression bar.

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