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Title: Cosmogenic neutron production at Daya Bay

Abstract

Neutrons produced by cosmic ray muons are an important background for underground experiments studying neutrino oscillations, neutrinoless double beta decay, dark matter, and other rare-event signals. A measurement of the neutron yield in the three different experimental halls of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment at varying depth is reported. The neutron yield in Daya Bay’s liquid scintillator is measured to be Y n = (10.26 ± 0.86) x 10 -5, (10.22 ± 0.87) x 10 -5, and (17.03 ± 1.22) x 10 -5 μ -1g -1cm 2 at depths of 250, 265, and 860 meters-water-equivalent. These results are compared to other measurements and the simulated neutron yield in Fluka and Geant4. A global fit including the Daya Bay measurements yields a power law coefficient of 0.77 ± 0.03 for the dependence of the neutron yield on muon energy.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
The Daya Bay Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1429565
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1430844; OSTI ID: 1435127
Report Number(s):
BNL-203429-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; cosmic rays & astroparticles; particle production; neutrons; neutrino detectors

Citation Formats

An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Khan, A., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwok, M. W., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Tang, W., Taychenachev, D., Treskov, K., Tsang, K. V., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, C. -H., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Ye, Z., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., and Zou, J. H. Cosmogenic neutron production at Daya Bay. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.052009.
An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Khan, A., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwok, M. W., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Tang, W., Taychenachev, D., Treskov, K., Tsang, K. V., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, C. -H., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Ye, Z., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., & Zou, J. H. Cosmogenic neutron production at Daya Bay. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.052009.
An, F. P., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, S. M., Chen, Y., Chen, Y. X., Cheng, J., Cheng, Z. K., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, M. C., Chukanov, A., Cummings, J. P., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dolgareva, M., Dove, J., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Gill, R., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Grassi, M., Gu, W. Q., Guo, L., Guo, X. H., Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Hackenburg, R. W., Hans, S., He, M., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, T., Huang, H. X., Huang, X. T., Huang, Y. B., Huber, P., Huo, W., Hussain, G., Jaffe, D. E., Jen, K. L., Ji, X. L., Ji, X. P., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Jones, D., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Khan, A., Koerner, L. W., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwok, M. W., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, J. H. C., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, Q. J., Li, S., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, S., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. -C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, J. C., Liu, J. L., Loh, C. W., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, K. B., Ma, X. B., Ma, X. Y., Ma, Y. Q., Malyshkin, Y., Martinez Caicedo, D. A., McDonald, K. T., McKeown, R. D., Mitchell, I., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pan, H. -R., Park, J., Patton, S., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Qiu, R. M., Raper, N., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Steiner, H., Sun, J. L., Tang, W., Taychenachev, D., Treskov, K., Tsang, K. V., Tse, W. -H., Tull, C. E., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Wei, H. Y., Wen, L. J., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Wise, T., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, C. -H., Wu, Q., Wu, W. J., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, J. L., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yang, C. G., Yang, H., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Yang, Y. Z., Ye, M., Ye, Z., Yeh, M., Young, B. L., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, C. C., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, R., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. P., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhao, J., Zhou, L., Zhuang, H. L., and Zou, J. H. Mon . "Cosmogenic neutron production at Daya Bay". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.052009.
@article{osti_1429565,
title = {Cosmogenic neutron production at Daya Bay},
author = {An, F. P. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Bishai, M. and Blyth, S. and Cao, D. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, J. and Chan, Y. L. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, Y. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, S. M. and Chen, Y. and Chen, Y. X. and Cheng, J. and Cheng, Z. K. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chu, M. C. and Chukanov, A. and Cummings, J. P. and Ding, Y. Y. and Diwan, M. V. and Dolgareva, M. and Dove, J. and Dwyer, D. A. and Edwards, W. R. and Gill, R. and Gonchar, M. and Gong, G. H. and Gong, H. and Grassi, M. and Gu, W. Q. and Guo, L. and Guo, X. H. and Guo, Y. H. and Guo, Z. and Hackenburg, R. W. and Hans, S. and He, M. and Heeger, K. M. and Heng, Y. K. and Higuera, A. and Hsiung, Y. B. and Hu, B. Z. and Hu, T. and Huang, H. X. and Huang, X. T. and Huang, Y. B. and Huber, P. and Huo, W. and Hussain, G. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jen, K. L. and Ji, X. L. and Ji, X. P. and Jiao, J. B. and Johnson, R. A. and Jones, D. and Kang, L. and Kettell, S. H. and Khan, A. and Koerner, L. W. and Kohn, S. and Kramer, M. and Kwok, M. W. and Langford, T. J. and Lau, K. and Lebanowski, L. and Lee, J. and Lee, J. H. C. and Lei, R. T. and Leitner, R. and Leung, J. K. C. and Li, C. and Li, D. J. and Li, F. and Li, G. S. and Li, Q. J. and Li, S. and Li, S. C. and Li, W. D. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Y. F. and Li, Z. B. and Liang, H. and Lin, C. J. and Lin, G. L. and Lin, S. and Lin, S. K. and Lin, Y. -C. and Ling, J. J. and Link, J. M. and Littenberg, L. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, J. C. and Liu, J. L. and Loh, C. W. and Lu, C. and Lu, H. Q. and Lu, J. S. and Luk, K. B. and Ma, X. B. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, Y. Q. and Malyshkin, Y. and Martinez Caicedo, D. A. and McDonald, K. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Mitchell, I. and Nakajima, Y. and Napolitano, J. and Naumov, D. and Naumova, E. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Olshevskiy, A. and Pan, H. -R. and Park, J. and Patton, S. and Pec, V. and Peng, J. C. and Pinsky, L. and Pun, C. S. J. and Qi, F. Z. and Qi, M. and Qian, X. and Qiu, R. M. and Raper, N. and Ren, J. and Rosero, R. and Roskovec, B. and Ruan, X. C. and Steiner, H. and Sun, J. L. and Tang, W. and Taychenachev, D. and Treskov, K. and Tsang, K. V. and Tse, W. -H. and Tull, C. E. and Viaux, N. and Viren, B. and Vorobel, V. and Wang, C. H. and Wang, M. and Wang, N. Y. and Wang, R. G. and Wang, W. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. M. and Wei, H. Y. and Wen, L. J. and Whisnant, K. and White, C. G. and Wise, T. and Wong, H. L. H. and Wong, S. C. F. and Worcester, E. and Wu, C. -H. and Wu, Q. and Wu, W. J. and Xia, D. M. and Xia, J. K. and Xing, Z. Z. and Xu, J. L. and Xu, Y. and Xue, T. and Yang, C. G. and Yang, H. and Yang, L. and Yang, M. S. and Yang, M. T. and Yang, Y. Z. and Ye, M. and Ye, Z. and Yeh, M. and Young, B. L. and Yu, Z. Y. and Zeng, S. and Zhan, L. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, C. C. and Zhang, H. H. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, Q. M. and Zhang, R. and Zhang, X. T. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. X. and Zhang, Z. J. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhao, J. and Zhou, L. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zou, J. H.},
abstractNote = {Neutrons produced by cosmic ray muons are an important background for underground experiments studying neutrino oscillations, neutrinoless double beta decay, dark matter, and other rare-event signals. A measurement of the neutron yield in the three different experimental halls of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment at varying depth is reported. The neutron yield in Daya Bay’s liquid scintillator is measured to be Yn = (10.26 ± 0.86) x 10-5, (10.22 ± 0.87) x 10-5, and (17.03 ± 1.22) x 10-5 μ-1g-1cm2 at depths of 250, 265, and 860 meters-water-equivalent. These results are compared to other measurements and the simulated neutron yield in Fluka and Geant4. A global fit including the Daya Bay measurements yields a power law coefficient of 0.77 ± 0.03 for the dependence of the neutron yield on muon energy.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.97.052009},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 5,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 26 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Mon Mar 26 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.052009

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