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Title: Reliable SOFC Systems

Abstract

The goal of this U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored project was to advance the reliability, robustness and endurance of low-cost SOFC technology suitable for ultimate deployment in ≥100 MWe Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell (IGFC) or Natural Gas Fuel Cell (NGFC) systems capable of ≥97% CO2 capture. The ultimate SOFC program goals are ≤ 0.2% per 1000 hours power degradation over a 5-plus year stack life, high-volume (≥ 250 MW/year) stack production cost of ≤$225/kWsystem net AC, and “power block” (exclusive of fuel supply, contaminant removal, and CO2 capture subsystems) capital cost of ≤ 900/kWsystem net AC (in year 2011). To progress towards the ultimate program goals, the specific objectives of this project were to achieve an SOFC stack power degradation rate of ≤1.5% per 1000 hours in a 100 kW (125 kW Peak) Modular Power Block (MPB) stand-alone power system under thermally self-sustained normal operating conditions and to verify the prospects for high volume SOFC stack production cost below the DOE target of ≤ 225/kW. This final technical report summarizes the progress made during the project period of 36 months. Significant progress was made in the areas of cell and stack technology development, Modular Power Block (MPB) development, sub-MWmore » MPB system development, and MW-class SOFC System Development and Costing. The work focused on areas necessary for comprehensive development of an SOFC fuel cell system, including, active cell improvement, contaminant resistance, process engineering, and development of non-repeat module components. Additionally, several custom built balance-of-plant components were designed and fabricated to support the fuel cell system. SOFC cell and stack development focused on improving cell performance and durability. Enhancements were achieved in areas of electrode stability and impurity tolerance. Additionally, several quality control techniques and tools were developed to ensure predictable and repeatable fabrication of SOFC stacks. Module development continued previous development efforts to achieve footprint reduction and higher efficiency by incorporating balance-of-plant functional equipment into the fuel cell containment module. Several improvements were made to prior design. Control and instrumentation hardware was integrated within the module for serviceability and size reduction. The design efforts culminated in a complete SOFC power plant system. The designed plant was constructed and tested at FCE. Stack and system costs were updated, reflecting advances made in this program.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. FuelCell Energy, Inc., Danbury, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
FuelCell Energy, Inc., Danbury, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE), Clean Coal and Carbon (FE-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1429267
Report Number(s):
DOE-FCE-23186
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0023186
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; Fuel Cell; SOFC; Solid Oxide Fuel Cell; Natural Gas; Power Plant; Efficiency

Citation Formats

Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. Reliable SOFC Systems. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1429267.
Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. Reliable SOFC Systems. United States. doi:10.2172/1429267.
Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. Sun . "Reliable SOFC Systems". United States. doi:10.2172/1429267. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429267.
@article{osti_1429267,
title = {Reliable SOFC Systems},
author = {Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein},
abstractNote = {The goal of this U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored project was to advance the reliability, robustness and endurance of low-cost SOFC technology suitable for ultimate deployment in ≥100 MWe Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell (IGFC) or Natural Gas Fuel Cell (NGFC) systems capable of ≥97% CO2 capture. The ultimate SOFC program goals are ≤ 0.2% per 1000 hours power degradation over a 5-plus year stack life, high-volume (≥ 250 MW/year) stack production cost of ≤$225/kWsystem net AC, and “power block” (exclusive of fuel supply, contaminant removal, and CO2 capture subsystems) capital cost of ≤ 900/kWsystem net AC (in year 2011). To progress towards the ultimate program goals, the specific objectives of this project were to achieve an SOFC stack power degradation rate of ≤1.5% per 1000 hours in a 100 kW (125 kW Peak) Modular Power Block (MPB) stand-alone power system under thermally self-sustained normal operating conditions and to verify the prospects for high volume SOFC stack production cost below the DOE target of ≤ 225/kW. This final technical report summarizes the progress made during the project period of 36 months. Significant progress was made in the areas of cell and stack technology development, Modular Power Block (MPB) development, sub-MW MPB system development, and MW-class SOFC System Development and Costing. The work focused on areas necessary for comprehensive development of an SOFC fuel cell system, including, active cell improvement, contaminant resistance, process engineering, and development of non-repeat module components. Additionally, several custom built balance-of-plant components were designed and fabricated to support the fuel cell system. SOFC cell and stack development focused on improving cell performance and durability. Enhancements were achieved in areas of electrode stability and impurity tolerance. Additionally, several quality control techniques and tools were developed to ensure predictable and repeatable fabrication of SOFC stacks. Module development continued previous development efforts to achieve footprint reduction and higher efficiency by incorporating balance-of-plant functional equipment into the fuel cell containment module. Several improvements were made to prior design. Control and instrumentation hardware was integrated within the module for serviceability and size reduction. The design efforts culminated in a complete SOFC power plant system. The designed plant was constructed and tested at FCE. Stack and system costs were updated, reflecting advances made in this program.},
doi = {10.2172/1429267},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}