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Title: Atmospheric test models and numerical experiments for the simulation of the global distribution of weather data transponders

Abstract

A proposal has been made to establish a high density global network of atmospheric micro transponders to record time, temperature, and wind data with time resolution of {le} 1 minute, temperature accuracy of {+-} 1 K, spatial resolution no poorer than {approx}3km horizontally and {approx}0.1km vertically, and 2-D speed accuracy of {le} 1m/s. This data will be used in conjunction with advanced numerical weather prediction models to provide increases in the reliability of long range weather forecasts. Major advances in data collection technology will be required to provide the proposed high-resolution data collection network. Systems studies must be undertaken to determine insertion requirements, spacing, and evolution of the transponder ensemble, which will be used to collect the data. Numerical models which provide realistic global weather pattern simulations must be utilized in order to perform these studies. A global circulation model with a 3{sup o} horizontal resolution has been used for initial simulations of the generation and evolution of transponder distributions. These studies indicate that reasonable global coverage of transponders can be achieved by a launch scenario consisting of the sequential launch of transponders at specified heights from a globally distributed set of launch sites.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environment, Safety and Health (EH) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
14281
Report Number(s):
UCRL-ID-135526
TRN: AH200136%%515
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 25 Aug 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACCURACY; DISTRIBUTION; FORECASTING; RELIABILITY; RESOLUTION; SIMULATION; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; TIME RESOLUTION; WEATHER

Citation Formats

Grossman, A, and Molenkamp, C R. Atmospheric test models and numerical experiments for the simulation of the global distribution of weather data transponders. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.2172/14281.
Grossman, A, & Molenkamp, C R. Atmospheric test models and numerical experiments for the simulation of the global distribution of weather data transponders. United States. doi:10.2172/14281.
Grossman, A, and Molenkamp, C R. Wed . "Atmospheric test models and numerical experiments for the simulation of the global distribution of weather data transponders". United States. doi:10.2172/14281. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/14281.
@article{osti_14281,
title = {Atmospheric test models and numerical experiments for the simulation of the global distribution of weather data transponders},
author = {Grossman, A and Molenkamp, C R},
abstractNote = {A proposal has been made to establish a high density global network of atmospheric micro transponders to record time, temperature, and wind data with time resolution of {le} 1 minute, temperature accuracy of {+-} 1 K, spatial resolution no poorer than {approx}3km horizontally and {approx}0.1km vertically, and 2-D speed accuracy of {le} 1m/s. This data will be used in conjunction with advanced numerical weather prediction models to provide increases in the reliability of long range weather forecasts. Major advances in data collection technology will be required to provide the proposed high-resolution data collection network. Systems studies must be undertaken to determine insertion requirements, spacing, and evolution of the transponder ensemble, which will be used to collect the data. Numerical models which provide realistic global weather pattern simulations must be utilized in order to perform these studies. A global circulation model with a 3{sup o} horizontal resolution has been used for initial simulations of the generation and evolution of transponder distributions. These studies indicate that reasonable global coverage of transponders can be achieved by a launch scenario consisting of the sequential launch of transponders at specified heights from a globally distributed set of launch sites.},
doi = {10.2172/14281},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}

Technical Report:

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