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Title: Azores 2017 Field Campaign Report

Abstract

Aerosol particles play an important role for the regional and global climate. Therefore, a network of measurement sites has been established worldwide, but only a small fraction of them is capturing the marine boundary layer (MBL) while approximately 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered with water. The main focus of this project is to improve the knowledge of sources and exchange processes of aerosol particles in general (German Research Foundation [DFG] project WE 2757/2-1) and of cloud condensation nuclei in particular (DFG project HE 6770/2-1) in the MBL in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean where the influence of local anthropogenic sources is negligible. The main hypothesis of the project is that long-range transport of aerosols from North America as well as new particle formation in the free troposphere (FT) and at cloud edges followed by vertical transport contribute significantly to the aerosol budget in the MBL. The knowledge of sources and sinks of aerosol particles in combination with vertical exchange between FT and MBL is a prerequisite to predict aerosol particle number concentrations in the lowest regions of the MBL and its influence on the formation of clouds. These processes are not sufficiently quantified over the ocean up to now.more » To verify the hypothesis stated above, vertical exchange processes and particle sources over the Azores will be quantified using data of 17 measurement flights with high spatial resolution using a helicopter-borne platform developed at the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS). Here, aerosol particle number concentration and vertical wind speed have been measured with a temporal resolution allowing the direct estimate of the vertical turbulent flux of aerosol particles in different heights for the first time. In addition, aerosol particle number size distributions, number concentrations of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC), and particle absorption at three different wavelengths have been determined. The data analysis is ongoing and final results are not available yet. The detailed analysis of these data will be used to conclude sources and origin of the investigated aerosol particles.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Leibniz Inst. for Tropospheric Research (ITR), Leipzig (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
DOE Office of Science Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Contributing Org.:
Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
OSTI Identifier:
1426790
Report Number(s):
DOE/SC-ARM-18-008
DOE Contract Number:
DE-ACO5-7601830
Resource Type:
Program Document
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Eastern North Atlantic, marine boundary layer, aerosols, cloud condensation nuclei, aerosol particle size distributions, boundary layer processes

Citation Formats

Wehner, Birgit, Chevallier, Karine, and Weinhold, Kay. Azores 2017 Field Campaign Report. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Wehner, Birgit, Chevallier, Karine, & Weinhold, Kay. Azores 2017 Field Campaign Report. United States.
Wehner, Birgit, Chevallier, Karine, and Weinhold, Kay. Tue . "Azores 2017 Field Campaign Report". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426790.
@article{osti_1426790,
title = {Azores 2017 Field Campaign Report},
author = {Wehner, Birgit and Chevallier, Karine and Weinhold, Kay},
abstractNote = {Aerosol particles play an important role for the regional and global climate. Therefore, a network of measurement sites has been established worldwide, but only a small fraction of them is capturing the marine boundary layer (MBL) while approximately 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered with water. The main focus of this project is to improve the knowledge of sources and exchange processes of aerosol particles in general (German Research Foundation [DFG] project WE 2757/2-1) and of cloud condensation nuclei in particular (DFG project HE 6770/2-1) in the MBL in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean where the influence of local anthropogenic sources is negligible. The main hypothesis of the project is that long-range transport of aerosols from North America as well as new particle formation in the free troposphere (FT) and at cloud edges followed by vertical transport contribute significantly to the aerosol budget in the MBL. The knowledge of sources and sinks of aerosol particles in combination with vertical exchange between FT and MBL is a prerequisite to predict aerosol particle number concentrations in the lowest regions of the MBL and its influence on the formation of clouds. These processes are not sufficiently quantified over the ocean up to now. To verify the hypothesis stated above, vertical exchange processes and particle sources over the Azores will be quantified using data of 17 measurement flights with high spatial resolution using a helicopter-borne platform developed at the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS). Here, aerosol particle number concentration and vertical wind speed have been measured with a temporal resolution allowing the direct estimate of the vertical turbulent flux of aerosol particles in different heights for the first time. In addition, aerosol particle number size distributions, number concentrations of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC), and particle absorption at three different wavelengths have been determined. The data analysis is ongoing and final results are not available yet. The detailed analysis of these data will be used to conclude sources and origin of the investigated aerosol particles.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 20 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue Mar 20 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Program Document:
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