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Title: Impacts of Biogas-to-Electricity Purchase Incentive on Electric Vehicle Market Penetration

Abstract

The biogas-to-electricity pathway under the Renewable Fuel Standards allows for Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits to be generated when electricity produced from biogas is used in the transportation sector. This study describes and evaluates a potential credit allocation method under that pathway that distributes electricity RIN (E-RIN) credits between electricity generators and plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) users and assesses the impact on EV deployment. In this study, one part of the credit value is allocated to electricity generators to offset potential higher biogas electricity generation cost, measured by the levelized cost of electricity. The other part of credit value is allocated to consumers in terms of the PEV purchase incentive to stimulate PEV sales. An iterative simulation procedure is developed to fulfill two tasks: (1) one task is to estimate the incentive amount based on various factors, such as vehicle mileage, E-RIN equivalence value, and biogas capacity, and (2) the other task is to evaluate potential impacts of the E-RIN program on electrification of the future light duty vehicle fleet and energy use. Results indicate that the E-RIN program can significantly increase PEV market share by up to 2.3 million in sales and by up to 19.7 million in fleetmore » size in 2030. However, effectiveness of the program is subject to different factors, such as the E-RIN equivalence value, biogas electricity generation cost, biogas electricity generation capacity, and potential competition in E-RIN credits by other entities.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1426562
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2018 Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting - Washington DC, District of Columbia, United States of America - 1/7/2018 3:00:00 PM-1/11/2018 2:00:00 PM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Xie, Fei, Lin, Zhenhong, and Podkaminer, Kara K. Impacts of Biogas-to-Electricity Purchase Incentive on Electric Vehicle Market Penetration. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Xie, Fei, Lin, Zhenhong, & Podkaminer, Kara K. Impacts of Biogas-to-Electricity Purchase Incentive on Electric Vehicle Market Penetration. United States.
Xie, Fei, Lin, Zhenhong, and Podkaminer, Kara K. Mon . "Impacts of Biogas-to-Electricity Purchase Incentive on Electric Vehicle Market Penetration". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426562.
@article{osti_1426562,
title = {Impacts of Biogas-to-Electricity Purchase Incentive on Electric Vehicle Market Penetration},
author = {Xie, Fei and Lin, Zhenhong and Podkaminer, Kara K.},
abstractNote = {The biogas-to-electricity pathway under the Renewable Fuel Standards allows for Renewable Identification Number (RIN) credits to be generated when electricity produced from biogas is used in the transportation sector. This study describes and evaluates a potential credit allocation method under that pathway that distributes electricity RIN (E-RIN) credits between electricity generators and plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) users and assesses the impact on EV deployment. In this study, one part of the credit value is allocated to electricity generators to offset potential higher biogas electricity generation cost, measured by the levelized cost of electricity. The other part of credit value is allocated to consumers in terms of the PEV purchase incentive to stimulate PEV sales. An iterative simulation procedure is developed to fulfill two tasks: (1) one task is to estimate the incentive amount based on various factors, such as vehicle mileage, E-RIN equivalence value, and biogas capacity, and (2) the other task is to evaluate potential impacts of the E-RIN program on electrification of the future light duty vehicle fleet and energy use. Results indicate that the E-RIN program can significantly increase PEV market share by up to 2.3 million in sales and by up to 19.7 million in fleet size in 2030. However, effectiveness of the program is subject to different factors, such as the E-RIN equivalence value, biogas electricity generation cost, biogas electricity generation capacity, and potential competition in E-RIN credits by other entities.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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