Ecological risk assessment and ecological risk management: Does the risk assessment make any difference?
The process of ecological risk assessment is intended to produce a scientifically defensible position which will be the starting point for risk management decisions on the protection of the environment. Several sites, where ecological risk assessments were conducted, will be evaluated from a scientific perspective and how those assessments were taken into account for the risk management decision. A smelter and an electroplating facility will be used as illustrations of innovative interpretations of ecological risk assessments and the innovative derivation of model assumptions. For these sites, the risk assessments were approached with a combination of toxicity tests, benthic macroinvertebrate collectionmore »