skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts

Abstract

This study conducted the updated simulations to depict a life cycle analysis (LCA) of the biodiesel production from soybeans and other feedstocks in the U.S. It addressed in details the interaction between LCA and induced land use change (ILUC) for biodiesel. Relative to the conventional petroleum diesel, soy biodiesel could achieve 76% reduction in GHG emissions without considering ILUC, or 66-72% reduction in overall GHG emissions when various ILUC cases were considered. Soy biodiesel’s fossil fuel consumption rate was also 80% lower than its petroleum counterpart. Furthermore, this study examined the cause and the implication of each key parameter affecting biodiesel LCA results using a sensitivity analysis, which identified the hot spots for fossil fuel consumption and GHG emissions of biodiesel so that future efforts can be made accordingly. Finally, biodiesel produced from other feedstocks (canola oil and tallow) were also investigated to contrast with soy biodiesel and petroleum diesel

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO); U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
OSTI Identifier:
1426217
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bioresource Technology; Journal Volume: 251; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Life cycle analysis; biodiesel; fossil energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; induced land use change

Citation Formats

Chen, Rui, Qin, Zhangcai, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Taheripour, Farzad, Tyner, Wallace, O'Connor, Don, and Duffield, James. Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.031.
Chen, Rui, Qin, Zhangcai, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Taheripour, Farzad, Tyner, Wallace, O'Connor, Don, & Duffield, James. Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts. United States. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.031.
Chen, Rui, Qin, Zhangcai, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Taheripour, Farzad, Tyner, Wallace, O'Connor, Don, and Duffield, James. Thu . "Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts". United States. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.031.
@article{osti_1426217,
title = {Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts},
author = {Chen, Rui and Qin, Zhangcai and Han, Jeongwoo and Wang, Michael and Taheripour, Farzad and Tyner, Wallace and O'Connor, Don and Duffield, James},
abstractNote = {This study conducted the updated simulations to depict a life cycle analysis (LCA) of the biodiesel production from soybeans and other feedstocks in the U.S. It addressed in details the interaction between LCA and induced land use change (ILUC) for biodiesel. Relative to the conventional petroleum diesel, soy biodiesel could achieve 76% reduction in GHG emissions without considering ILUC, or 66-72% reduction in overall GHG emissions when various ILUC cases were considered. Soy biodiesel’s fossil fuel consumption rate was also 80% lower than its petroleum counterpart. Furthermore, this study examined the cause and the implication of each key parameter affecting biodiesel LCA results using a sensitivity analysis, which identified the hot spots for fossil fuel consumption and GHG emissions of biodiesel so that future efforts can be made accordingly. Finally, biodiesel produced from other feedstocks (canola oil and tallow) were also investigated to contrast with soy biodiesel and petroleum diesel},
doi = {10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.031},
journal = {Bioresource Technology},
number = C,
volume = 251,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Thu Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}