skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dissolution, migration, and deposition of transition metal ions in Li-ion batteries exemplified by Mn-based cathodes – a critical review

Abstract

Unlike the revolutionary advances in the anodes of lithium-ion batteries from Li intercalation materials to Li alloy and/or conversion reaction materials, the development of the cathode is still dominated by the Li intercalation compounds. Transition metal ions are essential in these cathodes as the rapid redox reaction centers, and one of the biggest challenges for the TM-based cathodes is the capacity and power fading especially at an elevated temperature, which is directly associated with the dissolution–migration–deposition (DMD) process of TMs from the cathode materials. This process not only alters the surface structure of the cathode materials, but more importantly, changes the SEI composition at the anode side. There is no doubt that the TM-DMD issue should be addressed thoroughly to unlock the potential of these compounds to enable a prolonged battery lifetime. This review article mainly focuses on research activities with regard to the DMD process in TM-based cathode materials. In the first four sections, we choose Mn-based cathodes as an example to discuss how Mn DMD relates to the capacity fade of the cell, and what possible approaches might suppress the DMD process by modification of the electrode or electrolyte. In the fifth section, we discuss the TM DMDmore » process in Ni-, Co-, Fe- and V-containing cathode materials. Furthermore, this article reviews the frontier electrochemical research on TM-based cathodes and summarizes the progress and challenges, thereby helping to advance future R&D of LIBs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1426189
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-5692
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Zhan, Chun, Wu, Tianpin, Lu, Jun, and Amine, Khalil. Dissolution, migration, and deposition of transition metal ions in Li-ion batteries exemplified by Mn-based cathodes – a critical review. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ee03122j.
Zhan, Chun, Wu, Tianpin, Lu, Jun, & Amine, Khalil. Dissolution, migration, and deposition of transition metal ions in Li-ion batteries exemplified by Mn-based cathodes – a critical review. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ee03122j.
Zhan, Chun, Wu, Tianpin, Lu, Jun, and Amine, Khalil. Thu . "Dissolution, migration, and deposition of transition metal ions in Li-ion batteries exemplified by Mn-based cathodes – a critical review". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ee03122j. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426189.
@article{osti_1426189,
title = {Dissolution, migration, and deposition of transition metal ions in Li-ion batteries exemplified by Mn-based cathodes – a critical review},
author = {Zhan, Chun and Wu, Tianpin and Lu, Jun and Amine, Khalil},
abstractNote = {Unlike the revolutionary advances in the anodes of lithium-ion batteries from Li intercalation materials to Li alloy and/or conversion reaction materials, the development of the cathode is still dominated by the Li intercalation compounds. Transition metal ions are essential in these cathodes as the rapid redox reaction centers, and one of the biggest challenges for the TM-based cathodes is the capacity and power fading especially at an elevated temperature, which is directly associated with the dissolution–migration–deposition (DMD) process of TMs from the cathode materials. This process not only alters the surface structure of the cathode materials, but more importantly, changes the SEI composition at the anode side. There is no doubt that the TM-DMD issue should be addressed thoroughly to unlock the potential of these compounds to enable a prolonged battery lifetime. This review article mainly focuses on research activities with regard to the DMD process in TM-based cathode materials. In the first four sections, we choose Mn-based cathodes as an example to discuss how Mn DMD relates to the capacity fade of the cell, and what possible approaches might suppress the DMD process by modification of the electrode or electrolyte. In the fifth section, we discuss the TM DMD process in Ni-, Co-, Fe- and V-containing cathode materials. Furthermore, this article reviews the frontier electrochemical research on TM-based cathodes and summarizes the progress and challenges, thereby helping to advance future R&D of LIBs.},
doi = {10.1039/c7ee03122j},
journal = {Energy & Environmental Science},
number = 2,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 14 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Dec 14 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Improved capacity retention in rechargeable 4 V lithium/lithium-manganese oxide (spinel) cells
journal, April 1994


Dissolution of Spinel Oxides and Capacity Losses in 4V?Li?/?LixMn2O4 Cells
journal, January 1996

  • Jang, Dong H.; Shin, Young J.; Oh, Seung M.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, Issue 7, p. 2204-2211
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1836981

Lithium Batteries and Cathode Materials
journal, October 2004

  • Whittingham, M. Stanley
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 104, Issue 10, p. 4271-4302
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr020731c

Elevated temperature cycling stability and electrochemical impedance of LiMn2O4 cathodes with nanoporous ZrO2 and TiO2 coatings
journal, August 2010

  • Walz, Kenneth A.; Johnson, Christopher S.; Genthe, Jamie
  • Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, Issue 15, p. 4943-4951
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.03.007

Phospho-olivines as Positive-Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, April 1997

  • Padhi, A. K.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, Issue 4, p. 1188-1194
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837571

The Electrochemical Stability of Spinel Electrodes Coated with ZrO2, Al2O3, and SiO2 from Colloidal Suspensions
journal, January 2004

  • Kim, J.-S.; Johnson, C. S.; Vaughey, J. T.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 151, Issue 10, p. A1755-A1761
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1793713

Lithium insertion into manganese spinels
journal, April 1983

  • Thackeray, M. M.; David, W. I. F.; Bruce, P. G.
  • Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 18, Issue 4, p. 461-472
  • DOI: 10.1016/0025-5408(83)90138-1

Preparation of a new crystal form of manganese dioxide: ?-MnO2
journal, September 1981


Capacity fading of LixMn2O4 spinel electrodes studied by XRD and electroanalytical techniques
journal, September 1999


Surface treatments of Li1+xMn2?xO4 spinels for improved elevated temperature performance
journal, December 1997


PVP-Assisted ZrO2 coating on LiMn2O4 spinel cathode nanoparticles prepared by MnO2 nanowire templates
journal, October 2008


Cobalt dissolution in LiCoO2-based non-aqueous rechargeable batteries
journal, January 1996


A review on electrolyte additives for lithium-ion batteries
journal, November 2006