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Title: Surface transformation by a “cocktail” solvent enables stable cathode materials for sodium ion batteries

Abstract

Coating the surfaces of active materials has become an effective and indispensable path towards the stable operation of practical rechargeable batteries. Improving the affordability of coating processes can bring enormous manufacturing advantages to battery applications. Here in this paper, we report a cheap, simple and efficient method to create conformal coating layers on the primary particles of sodium layered oxide materials for improving battery performance. Mimicking the cathode–electrolyte interfacial reaction in practical cells, we create conformal coating layers via the spontaneous reaction between the oxidative cathode surfaces and a cocktail of reductive organic solvents. The conformal coating layers consist of metal–organic compounds with reduced transition metal cations, i.e., artificial cathode–electrolyte interphases (CEIs). The cells containing these coated cathode materials deliver much improved cycle life while maintaining reasonably high reversible capacity and rate capability. Furthermore, the structural stability and water resistance are enhanced, which can practically help simplify the storage protocol of cathode powders prior to battery manufacturing. The surfaces of most oxide cathode materials (e.g., lithium cathodes and sodium cathodes) are highly oxidative, and thus we expect that the present method, with tailored experimental parameters, can be readily applied to most battery systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  2. Tianjin Univ., Tianjin (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1425931
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Mu, Linqin, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zhang, Yan, Feng, Xu, Du, Xi-Wen, Nordlund, Dennis, and Lin, Feng. Surface transformation by a “cocktail” solvent enables stable cathode materials for sodium ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ta08410b.
Mu, Linqin, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zhang, Yan, Feng, Xu, Du, Xi-Wen, Nordlund, Dennis, & Lin, Feng. Surface transformation by a “cocktail” solvent enables stable cathode materials for sodium ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta08410b.
Mu, Linqin, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Zhang, Yan, Feng, Xu, Du, Xi-Wen, Nordlund, Dennis, and Lin, Feng. Tue . "Surface transformation by a “cocktail” solvent enables stable cathode materials for sodium ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta08410b. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425931.
@article{osti_1425931,
title = {Surface transformation by a “cocktail” solvent enables stable cathode materials for sodium ion batteries},
author = {Mu, Linqin and Rahman, Muhammad Mominur and Zhang, Yan and Feng, Xu and Du, Xi-Wen and Nordlund, Dennis and Lin, Feng},
abstractNote = {Coating the surfaces of active materials has become an effective and indispensable path towards the stable operation of practical rechargeable batteries. Improving the affordability of coating processes can bring enormous manufacturing advantages to battery applications. Here in this paper, we report a cheap, simple and efficient method to create conformal coating layers on the primary particles of sodium layered oxide materials for improving battery performance. Mimicking the cathode–electrolyte interfacial reaction in practical cells, we create conformal coating layers via the spontaneous reaction between the oxidative cathode surfaces and a cocktail of reductive organic solvents. The conformal coating layers consist of metal–organic compounds with reduced transition metal cations, i.e., artificial cathode–electrolyte interphases (CEIs). The cells containing these coated cathode materials deliver much improved cycle life while maintaining reasonably high reversible capacity and rate capability. Furthermore, the structural stability and water resistance are enhanced, which can practically help simplify the storage protocol of cathode powders prior to battery manufacturing. The surfaces of most oxide cathode materials (e.g., lithium cathodes and sodium cathodes) are highly oxidative, and thus we expect that the present method, with tailored experimental parameters, can be readily applied to most battery systems.},
doi = {10.1039/c7ta08410b},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
issn = {2050-7488},
number = 6,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 2 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1 : (a) XRD patterns of the pristine (magenta) and coated (blue) NaNi1/3Fe1/3Mn1/3O2 powders; SEM morphologies of the (b) pristine and (c) coated NaNi1/3Fe1/3Mn1/3O2 powders; different magnifications of TEM images of (d and e) pristine and (f and g) coated NaNi1/3Fe1/3Mn1/3O2 particles; the direct comparison shows that after themore » “cocktail” transformation, the particles are coated with a conformal layer of approximately 2–5 nm, as indicated by the arrows in f and g.« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    A heterobimetallic single-source precursor enabled layered oxide cathode for sodium-ion batteries
    journal, January 2018

    • Li, Maofan; Yang, Kai; Liu, Jiajie
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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.