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Title: Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries

Abstract

Safe performance of advanced Li-ion batteries relies on integrity of the separator membrane which prevents contact between electrodes of opposite polarity. Current work provides detailed study of mechanical behavior of such membrane. Temperature and strain rate sensitivity of the triple-layer polypropylene (PP)/polyethylene (PE)/polypropylene (PP) porous separator for Li-ion batteries was studied experimentally under controlled temperatures of up to 120° (393 K), and strain rates (from 1∙10-4s-1 to 0.1s-1). Digital image correlation was used to study strain localization in separator under load. The results show significant dependence of mechanical properties on temperature, with the yield stress decreasing by 30% and elastic modulus decreasing by a factor of two when the temperature is increased from 20 °C to 50 °C. The strain rate strengthening also decreased with higher temperatures while the temperature softening remained independent of the applied strain rate. Application of temperature creates long lasting changes in mechanical behavior of separator as was revealed by performing experiments after the annealing. Such delayed effect of temperature application appears to have directional dependence. The results demonstrate complex behavior of polymer separator which needs to be considered in proper safety assessments of Li-ion batteries.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computational Sciences and Engineering Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
OSTI Identifier:
1425339
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Extreme Mechanics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-4316
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Li-ion; Separator; Mechanical; Safety; Energy storage

Citation Formats

Kalnaus, Sergiy, Wang, Yanli, Li, Jianlin, Kumar, Abhishek, and Turner, John A. Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.eml.2018.01.006.
Kalnaus, Sergiy, Wang, Yanli, Li, Jianlin, Kumar, Abhishek, & Turner, John A. Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.eml.2018.01.006.
Kalnaus, Sergiy, Wang, Yanli, Li, Jianlin, Kumar, Abhishek, and Turner, John A. Wed . "Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.eml.2018.01.006.
@article{osti_1425339,
title = {Temperature and strain rate dependent behavior of polymer separator for Li-ion batteries},
author = {Kalnaus, Sergiy and Wang, Yanli and Li, Jianlin and Kumar, Abhishek and Turner, John A.},
abstractNote = {Safe performance of advanced Li-ion batteries relies on integrity of the separator membrane which prevents contact between electrodes of opposite polarity. Current work provides detailed study of mechanical behavior of such membrane. Temperature and strain rate sensitivity of the triple-layer polypropylene (PP)/polyethylene (PE)/polypropylene (PP) porous separator for Li-ion batteries was studied experimentally under controlled temperatures of up to 120° (393 K), and strain rates (from 1∙10-4s-1 to 0.1s-1). Digital image correlation was used to study strain localization in separator under load. The results show significant dependence of mechanical properties on temperature, with the yield stress decreasing by 30% and elastic modulus decreasing by a factor of two when the temperature is increased from 20 °C to 50 °C. The strain rate strengthening also decreased with higher temperatures while the temperature softening remained independent of the applied strain rate. Application of temperature creates long lasting changes in mechanical behavior of separator as was revealed by performing experiments after the annealing. Such delayed effect of temperature application appears to have directional dependence. The results demonstrate complex behavior of polymer separator which needs to be considered in proper safety assessments of Li-ion batteries.},
doi = {10.1016/j.eml.2018.01.006},
journal = {Extreme Mechanics Letters},
number = C,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 07 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Wed Mar 07 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on March 7, 2019
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