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Title: Forecast of criticality experiments and experimental programs needed to support nuclear operations in the United States of America: 1994--1999

Abstract

This Forecast is generated by the Chair of the Experiment Needs Identification Workgroup (ENIWG), with input from Department of Energy and the nuclear community. One of the current concerns addressed by ENIWG was the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board`s Recommendation 93-2. This Recommendation delineated the need for a critical experimental capability, which includes (1) a program of general-purpose experiments, (2) improving the information base, and (3) ongoing departmental programs. The nuclear community also recognizes the importance of criticality theory, which, as a stepping stone to computational analysis and safety code development, needs to be benchmarked against well-characterized critical experiments. A summary project of the Department`s needs with respect to criticality information includes (1) hands-on training, (2) criticality and nuclear data, (3) detector systems, (4) uranium- and plutonium-based reactors, and (5) accident analysis. The Workgroup has evaluated, prioritized, and categorized each proposed experiment and program. Transportation/Applications is a new category intended to cover the areas of storage, training, emergency response, and standards. This category has the highest number of priority-1 experiments (nine). Facilities capable of performing experiments include the Los Alamos Critical Experiment Facility (LACEF) along with Area V at Sandia National Laboratory. The LACEF continues to house the most significantmore » collection of critical assemblies in the Western Hemisphere. The staff of this facility and Area V are trained and certified, and documentation is current. ENIWG will continue to work with the nuclear community to identify and prioritize experiments because there is an overwhelming need for critical experiments to be performed for basic research and code validation.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
142533
Report Number(s):
LA-12683
ON: DE94008789; TRN: 94:006549
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 NUCLEAR REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; ZERO POWER REACTORS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; CRITICALITY; INFORMATION NEEDS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; US DOE; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; REACTOR SAFETY; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; NUCLEAR DATA COLLECTIONS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; ISOTOPE SEPARATION

Citation Formats

Rutherford, D. Forecast of criticality experiments and experimental programs needed to support nuclear operations in the United States of America: 1994--1999. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/142533.
Rutherford, D. Forecast of criticality experiments and experimental programs needed to support nuclear operations in the United States of America: 1994--1999. United States. doi:10.2172/142533.
Rutherford, D. Tue . "Forecast of criticality experiments and experimental programs needed to support nuclear operations in the United States of America: 1994--1999". United States. doi:10.2172/142533. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/142533.
@article{osti_142533,
title = {Forecast of criticality experiments and experimental programs needed to support nuclear operations in the United States of America: 1994--1999},
author = {Rutherford, D.},
abstractNote = {This Forecast is generated by the Chair of the Experiment Needs Identification Workgroup (ENIWG), with input from Department of Energy and the nuclear community. One of the current concerns addressed by ENIWG was the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board`s Recommendation 93-2. This Recommendation delineated the need for a critical experimental capability, which includes (1) a program of general-purpose experiments, (2) improving the information base, and (3) ongoing departmental programs. The nuclear community also recognizes the importance of criticality theory, which, as a stepping stone to computational analysis and safety code development, needs to be benchmarked against well-characterized critical experiments. A summary project of the Department`s needs with respect to criticality information includes (1) hands-on training, (2) criticality and nuclear data, (3) detector systems, (4) uranium- and plutonium-based reactors, and (5) accident analysis. The Workgroup has evaluated, prioritized, and categorized each proposed experiment and program. Transportation/Applications is a new category intended to cover the areas of storage, training, emergency response, and standards. This category has the highest number of priority-1 experiments (nine). Facilities capable of performing experiments include the Los Alamos Critical Experiment Facility (LACEF) along with Area V at Sandia National Laboratory. The LACEF continues to house the most significant collection of critical assemblies in the Western Hemisphere. The staff of this facility and Area V are trained and certified, and documentation is current. ENIWG will continue to work with the nuclear community to identify and prioritize experiments because there is an overwhelming need for critical experiments to be performed for basic research and code validation.},
doi = {10.2172/142533},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}