skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Reaction rate for carbon burning in massive stars

Abstract

Carbon burning is a critical phase for nucleosynthesis in massive stars. The conditions for igniting this burning stage, and the subsequent isotope composition of the resulting ashes, depend strongly on the reaction rate for 12C+ 12C fusion at very low energies. Results for the cross sections for this reaction are influenced by various backgrounds encountered in measurements at such energies. In this paper, we report on a new measurement of 12C+ 12C fusion cross sections where these backgrounds have been minimized. In conclusion, it is found that the astrophysical S factor exhibits a maximum around E cm=3.5–4.0 MeV, which leads to a reduction of the previously predicted astrophysical reaction rate.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5] more »;  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [14] « less
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  6. Univ. de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France)
  7. Univ. de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Univ. of Strasbourg Inst. for Advanced Study (USIAS), Strasbourg (France)
  8. Univ. of York, Heslington, York (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics
  9. Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)
  10. TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)
  11. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Zhuhai, (China). Sino-French Inst. of Nuclear Engineering and Technology
  12. Inst. of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China)
  13. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  14. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1425275
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416458
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; FG02-96ER40978
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Jiang, C. L., Santiago-Gonzalez, D., Almaraz-Calderon, S., Rehm, K. E., Back, B. B., Auranen, K., Avila, M. L., Ayangeakaa, A. D., Bottoni, S., Carpenter, M. P., Dickerson, C., DiGiovine, B., Greene, J. P., Hoffman, C. R., Janssens, R. V. F., Kay, B. P., Kuvin, S. A., Lauritsen, T., Pardo, R. C., Sethi, J., Seweryniak, D., Talwar, R., Ugalde, C., Zhu, S., Bourgin, D., Courtin, S., Haas, F., Heine, M., Fruet, G., Montanari, D., Jenkins, D. G., Morris, L., Lefebvre-Schuhl, A., Alcorta, M., Fang, X., Tang, X. D., Bucher, B., Deibel, C. M., and Marley, S. T. Reaction rate for carbon burning in massive stars. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.012801.
Jiang, C. L., Santiago-Gonzalez, D., Almaraz-Calderon, S., Rehm, K. E., Back, B. B., Auranen, K., Avila, M. L., Ayangeakaa, A. D., Bottoni, S., Carpenter, M. P., Dickerson, C., DiGiovine, B., Greene, J. P., Hoffman, C. R., Janssens, R. V. F., Kay, B. P., Kuvin, S. A., Lauritsen, T., Pardo, R. C., Sethi, J., Seweryniak, D., Talwar, R., Ugalde, C., Zhu, S., Bourgin, D., Courtin, S., Haas, F., Heine, M., Fruet, G., Montanari, D., Jenkins, D. G., Morris, L., Lefebvre-Schuhl, A., Alcorta, M., Fang, X., Tang, X. D., Bucher, B., Deibel, C. M., & Marley, S. T. Reaction rate for carbon burning in massive stars. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.012801.
Jiang, C. L., Santiago-Gonzalez, D., Almaraz-Calderon, S., Rehm, K. E., Back, B. B., Auranen, K., Avila, M. L., Ayangeakaa, A. D., Bottoni, S., Carpenter, M. P., Dickerson, C., DiGiovine, B., Greene, J. P., Hoffman, C. R., Janssens, R. V. F., Kay, B. P., Kuvin, S. A., Lauritsen, T., Pardo, R. C., Sethi, J., Seweryniak, D., Talwar, R., Ugalde, C., Zhu, S., Bourgin, D., Courtin, S., Haas, F., Heine, M., Fruet, G., Montanari, D., Jenkins, D. G., Morris, L., Lefebvre-Schuhl, A., Alcorta, M., Fang, X., Tang, X. D., Bucher, B., Deibel, C. M., and Marley, S. T. Wed . "Reaction rate for carbon burning in massive stars". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.012801. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425275.
@article{osti_1425275,
title = {Reaction rate for carbon burning in massive stars},
author = {Jiang, C. L. and Santiago-Gonzalez, D. and Almaraz-Calderon, S. and Rehm, K. E. and Back, B. B. and Auranen, K. and Avila, M. L. and Ayangeakaa, A. D. and Bottoni, S. and Carpenter, M. P. and Dickerson, C. and DiGiovine, B. and Greene, J. P. and Hoffman, C. R. and Janssens, R. V. F. and Kay, B. P. and Kuvin, S. A. and Lauritsen, T. and Pardo, R. C. and Sethi, J. and Seweryniak, D. and Talwar, R. and Ugalde, C. and Zhu, S. and Bourgin, D. and Courtin, S. and Haas, F. and Heine, M. and Fruet, G. and Montanari, D. and Jenkins, D. G. and Morris, L. and Lefebvre-Schuhl, A. and Alcorta, M. and Fang, X. and Tang, X. D. and Bucher, B. and Deibel, C. M. and Marley, S. T.},
abstractNote = {Carbon burning is a critical phase for nucleosynthesis in massive stars. The conditions for igniting this burning stage, and the subsequent isotope composition of the resulting ashes, depend strongly on the reaction rate for 12C+12C fusion at very low energies. Results for the cross sections for this reaction are influenced by various backgrounds encountered in measurements at such energies. In this paper, we report on a new measurement of 12C+12C fusion cross sections where these backgrounds have been minimized. In conclusion, it is found that the astrophysical S factor exhibits a maximum around Ecm=3.5–4.0 MeV, which leads to a reduction of the previously predicted astrophysical reaction rate.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.97.012801},
journal = {Physical Review C},
issn = {2469-9985},
number = 1,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (Color online) $S$ factors from previous measurements of the 12C + 12C fusion reaction. Charged-particle detection was used in the measurements by Patterson, Mazarakis, Becker and Zickefoose, while $\gamma$-ray detection was employed in the measurements of High, Barron-Palos, Auguilera and Spillane.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Absolute cross sections measurement for the 12C + 12C system at astrophysically relevant energies
journal, November 2006


Experimental Investigation of the Stellar Nuclear Reaction ^{12}C + ^{12}C at Low Energies
journal, July 1969

  • Patterson, J. R.; Winkler, H.; Zaidins, C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 157
  • DOI: 10.1086/150073

Origin and Consequences of C 12 + C 12 Fusion Resonances at Deep Sub-barrier Energies
journal, February 2013


Damping of quantum vibrations revealed in deep sub-barrier fusion
journal, July 2013


Fusion hindrance for a positive Q -value system
journal, July 2008


Expectations for C 12 and O 16 induced fusion cross sections at energies of astrophysical interest
journal, January 2007


Recent near-Earth supernovae probed by global deposition of interstellar radioactive 60Fe
journal, April 2016


Experimental Measurements of the C 12 + C 12 Nuclear Reactions at Low Energies
journal, April 1973


Fusion Hindrance for a Positive- Q -Value System Mg 24 + Si 30
journal, July 2014


The12C+12C reaction at subcoulomb energies (II)
journal, December 1981

  • Becker, H. W.; Kettner, K. U.; Rolfs, C.
  • Zeitschrift f�r Physik A Atoms and Nuclei, Vol. 303, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01421528

F 60 e Anomaly in a Deep-Sea Manganese Crust and Implications for a Nearby Supernova Source
journal, October 2004


The locations of recent supernovae near the Sun from modelling 60Fe transport
journal, April 2016

  • Breitschwerdt, D.; Feige, J.; Schulreich, M. M.
  • Nature, Vol. 532, Issue 7597
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature17424

Recent developments in heavy-ion fusion reactions
journal, March 2014


The 12C + 12C sub-coulomb fusion cross section
journal, May 1977


First evidence of fusion hindrance for a small Q-value system
journal, August 2006


Unexpected Behavior of Heavy-Ion Fusion Cross Sections at Extreme Sub-Barrier Energies
journal, July 2002


Effects of mutual excitations in the fusion of carbon isotopes
journal, December 2011


Fusion hindrance for Al 27 + Sc 45 and other systems with a positive Q value
journal, February 2010


Thermonuclear reaction rates V
journal, November 1988


Analysis of heavy-ion fusion reactions at extreme sub-barrier energies
journal, January 2004


Hindrance of Heavy-Ion Fusion due to Nuclear Incompressibility
journal, March 2006


New γ-ray measurements for C 12 + C 12 sub-Coulomb fusion: Toward data unification
journal, June 2006


Implications of low-energy fusion hindrance on stellar burning and nucleosynthesis
journal, September 2007


The Nucleosynthesis of 26 Al and 60 Fe in Solar Metallicity Stars Extending in Mass from 11 to 120 M : The Hydrostatic and Explosive Contributions
journal, August 2006

  • Limongi, Marco; Chieffi, Alessandro
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 647, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/505164

Interstellar Fe 60 on the Surface of the Moon
journal, April 2016


Signature of Smooth Transition from Sudden to Adiabatic States in Heavy-Ion Fusion Reactions at Deep Sub-Barrier Energies
journal, November 2009


Signature of shallow potentials in deep sub-barrier fusion reactions
journal, March 2007


Indication for Supernova Produced 60 Fe Activity on Earth
journal, July 1999


The effect of 12 C + 12 C rate uncertainties on s-process yields
journal, January 2010


Existence of a one-body barrier revealed in deep subbarrier fusion
journal, May 2007


The GAMMASPHERE
journal, December 1990


C 12 + C 12 Fusion Reactions near the Gamow Energy
journal, March 2007


Thermonuclear Reaction Rates, II
journal, September 1975


Measurements of fusion cross-sections in 12C+12C at low beam energies using a particle- coincidence technique
journal, August 2012

  • Jiang, C. L.; Rehm, K. E.; Fang, X.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 682
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.03.051

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.