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Title: Ultrahigh Elastic Strain Energy Storage in Metal-Oxide-Infiltrated Patterned Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites

Abstract

Modulus of resilience, the measure of a material’s capacity to store and release elastic strain energy, is critical for realizing advanced mechanical actuation technologies in micro/nanoelectromechanical systems. In general, engineering the modulus of resilience is difficult because it requires asymmetrically increasing yield strength and Young’s modulus against their mutual scaling behavior. This task becomes further challenging if it needs to be carried out at the nanometer scale. Here, we demonstrate organic–inorganic hybrid composite nanopillars with one of the highest modulus of resilience per density by utilizing vapor-phase aluminum oxide infiltration in lithographically patterned negative photoresist SU-8. In situ nanomechanical measurements reveal a metal-like high yield strength (~500 MPa) with an unusually low, foam-like Young’s modulus (~7 GPa), a unique pairing that yields ultrahigh modulus of resilience, reaching up to ~24 MJ/m 3 as well as exceptional modulus of resilience per density of ~13.4 kJ/kg, surpassing those of most engineering materials. The hybrid polymer nanocomposite features lightweight, ultrahigh tunable modulus of resilience and versatile nanoscale lithographic patternability with potential for application as nanomechanical components which require ultrahigh mechanical resilience and strength.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1425017
Report Number(s):
BNL-114848-2017-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984; TRN: US1802000
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Dusoe, Keith J., Ye, Xinyi, Kisslinger, Kim, Stein, Aaron, Lee, Seok-Woo, and Nam, Chang-Yong. Ultrahigh Elastic Strain Energy Storage in Metal-Oxide-Infiltrated Patterned Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03238.
Dusoe, Keith J., Ye, Xinyi, Kisslinger, Kim, Stein, Aaron, Lee, Seok-Woo, & Nam, Chang-Yong. Ultrahigh Elastic Strain Energy Storage in Metal-Oxide-Infiltrated Patterned Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03238.
Dusoe, Keith J., Ye, Xinyi, Kisslinger, Kim, Stein, Aaron, Lee, Seok-Woo, and Nam, Chang-Yong. Thu . "Ultrahigh Elastic Strain Energy Storage in Metal-Oxide-Infiltrated Patterned Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03238. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425017.
@article{osti_1425017,
title = {Ultrahigh Elastic Strain Energy Storage in Metal-Oxide-Infiltrated Patterned Hybrid Polymer Nanocomposites},
author = {Dusoe, Keith J. and Ye, Xinyi and Kisslinger, Kim and Stein, Aaron and Lee, Seok-Woo and Nam, Chang-Yong},
abstractNote = {Modulus of resilience, the measure of a material’s capacity to store and release elastic strain energy, is critical for realizing advanced mechanical actuation technologies in micro/nanoelectromechanical systems. In general, engineering the modulus of resilience is difficult because it requires asymmetrically increasing yield strength and Young’s modulus against their mutual scaling behavior. This task becomes further challenging if it needs to be carried out at the nanometer scale. Here, we demonstrate organic–inorganic hybrid composite nanopillars with one of the highest modulus of resilience per density by utilizing vapor-phase aluminum oxide infiltration in lithographically patterned negative photoresist SU-8. In situ nanomechanical measurements reveal a metal-like high yield strength (~500 MPa) with an unusually low, foam-like Young’s modulus (~7 GPa), a unique pairing that yields ultrahigh modulus of resilience, reaching up to ~24 MJ/m3 as well as exceptional modulus of resilience per density of ~13.4 kJ/kg, surpassing those of most engineering materials. The hybrid polymer nanocomposite features lightweight, ultrahigh tunable modulus of resilience and versatile nanoscale lithographic patternability with potential for application as nanomechanical components which require ultrahigh mechanical resilience and strength.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03238},
journal = {Nano Letters},
issn = {1530-6984},
number = 12,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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