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Title: Towards in process Materials Characterization in Laser-based Metal Additive Manufacturing.


Abstract not provided.

; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the 2017 TMS held February 26 - March 3, 2017 in San Diego, CA.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Kustas, Andrew, Keicher, David M, Brumbach, Michael T., Nation, Brendan L, and Argibay, Nicolas. Towards in process Materials Characterization in Laser-based Metal Additive Manufacturing.. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Kustas, Andrew, Keicher, David M, Brumbach, Michael T., Nation, Brendan L, & Argibay, Nicolas. Towards in process Materials Characterization in Laser-based Metal Additive Manufacturing.. United States.
Kustas, Andrew, Keicher, David M, Brumbach, Michael T., Nation, Brendan L, and Argibay, Nicolas. Wed . "Towards in process Materials Characterization in Laser-based Metal Additive Manufacturing.". United States. doi:.
title = {Towards in process Materials Characterization in Laser-based Metal Additive Manufacturing.},
author = {Kustas, Andrew and Keicher, David M and Brumbach, Michael T. and Nation, Brendan L and Argibay, Nicolas},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}

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  • Abstract not provided.
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Additive Manufacturing has garnered significant levels of interest in recent years as a primary manufacturing method. While the general technology has been around for over 20 years, with increased computing capacity, higher powered directed energy sources, e.g., lasers and electron beams, it is coming of age as a viable technique for high value added, low production quantity components. The Savannah River National Laboratory is interested in AM as a technique to build hydrogen isotope separation components called Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) columns. The TCAP operates from cryogenic to moderate temperatures in a cyclic manner and is a pressure boundary.more » The current technique for fabricating TCAP columns is to form a flat coil of 0.375 to 0.5 inch diameter tube and braze two coils together. During the brazing operation, the two nested coils often move and this movement results in gaps between the coils. Since one coil contains the working fluid, i.e., liquid nitrogen, and the other the process fluid, hydrogen isotopes, these gaps result in poor heat transfer. Additive manufacturing is being explored as a replacement technology since the adjacent tubes can be fabricated simultaneously and in intimate contact and they can also share a common wall to improve heat transfer. AM allows designers to develop unique tube structures that overcome several of the shortcomings of the coil and braze technique, such as the braze gap in fabrication and slow cooling during operation. Simple test samples with various internal geometries were designed and built from Type 316L stainless steel using a laser powder bed process. Three test article geometries that were built include a simple tube, a pair of stacked tubes, and a tube partially surrounded by two kidney shaped tubes with cooling fins that would extend into the process fluid, these tube sections incorporated thermowells or heat trace channels, selectively. The test samples will be subjected to heat transfer testing and burst testing. The samples were inspected using X-ray, computed tomography, and metallography. The results of the testing conducted on these samples are described in this paper.« less
  • Metal Big Area Additive Manufacturing (mBAAM) is a new additive manufacturing (AM) technology for printing large-scale 3D objects. mBAAM is based on the gas metal arc welding process and uses a continuous feed of welding wire to manufacture an object. An electric arc forms between the wire and the substrate, which melts the wire and deposits a bead of molten metal along the predetermined path. In general, the welding process parameters and local conditions determine the shape of the deposited bead. The sequence of the bead deposition and the corresponding thermal history of the manufactured object determine the long rangemore » effects, such as thermal-induced distortions and residual stresses. Therefore, the resulting performance or final properties of the manufactured object are dependent on its geometry and the deposition path, in addition to depending on the basic welding process parameters. Physical testing is critical for gaining the necessary knowledge for quality prints, but traversing the process parameter space in order to develop an optimized build strategy for each new design is impractical by pure experimental means. Computational modeling and optimization may accelerate development of a build process strategy and saves time and resources. Because computational modeling provides these opportunities, we have developed a physics-based Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation framework and numerical models to support the mBAAM process s development and design. In this paper, we performed a sequentially coupled heat transfer and stress analysis for predicting the final deformation of a small rectangular structure printed using the mild steel welding wire. Using the new simulation technologies, material was progressively added into the FEM simulation as the arc weld traversed the build path. In the sequentially coupled heat transfer and stress analysis, the heat transfer was performed to calculate the temperature evolution, which was used in a stress analysis to evaluate the residual stresses and distortions. In this formulation, we assume that physics is directionally coupled, i.e. the effect of stress of the component on the temperatures is negligible. The experiment instrumentation (measurement types, sensor types, sensor locations, sensor placements, measurement intervals) and the measurements are presented. The temperatures and distortions from the simulations show good correlation with experimental measurements. Ongoing modeling work is also briefly discussed.« less