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Title: Fission-induced recrystallization effect on intergranular bubble-driven swelling in U-Mo fuel

Abstract

We have developed a mesoscale phase-field model for studying the effect of recrystallization on the gas-bubble-driven swelling in irradiated U-Mo alloy fuel. The model can simulate the microstructural evolution of the intergranular gas bubbles on the grain boundaries as well as the recrystallization process. Our simulation results show that the intergranular gas-bubble-induced fuel swelling exhibits two stages: slow swelling kinetics before recrystallization and rapid swelling kinetics with recrystallization. We observe that the recrystallization can significantly expedite the formation and growth of gas bubbles at high fission densities. The reason is that the recrystallization process increases the nucleation probability of gas bubbles and reduces the diffusion time of fission gases from grain interior to grain boundaries by increasing the grain boundary area and decreasing the diffusion distance. The simulated gas bubble shape, size distribution, and density on the grain boundaries are consistent with experimental measurements. We investigate the effect of the recrystallization on the gas-bubble-driven fuel swelling in UMo through varying the initial grain size and grain aspect ratio. We conclude that the initial microstructure of fuel, such as grain size and grain aspect ratio, can be used to effectively control the recrystallization and therefore reduce the swelling in U-Mo fuel.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1423582
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Computational Materials Science; Journal Volume: 138; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Liang, Linyun, Mei, Zhi-Gang, and Yacout, Abdellatif M. Fission-induced recrystallization effect on intergranular bubble-driven swelling in U-Mo fuel. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2017.06.013.
Liang, Linyun, Mei, Zhi-Gang, & Yacout, Abdellatif M. Fission-induced recrystallization effect on intergranular bubble-driven swelling in U-Mo fuel. United States. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2017.06.013.
Liang, Linyun, Mei, Zhi-Gang, and Yacout, Abdellatif M. Sun . "Fission-induced recrystallization effect on intergranular bubble-driven swelling in U-Mo fuel". United States. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2017.06.013.
@article{osti_1423582,
title = {Fission-induced recrystallization effect on intergranular bubble-driven swelling in U-Mo fuel},
author = {Liang, Linyun and Mei, Zhi-Gang and Yacout, Abdellatif M.},
abstractNote = {We have developed a mesoscale phase-field model for studying the effect of recrystallization on the gas-bubble-driven swelling in irradiated U-Mo alloy fuel. The model can simulate the microstructural evolution of the intergranular gas bubbles on the grain boundaries as well as the recrystallization process. Our simulation results show that the intergranular gas-bubble-induced fuel swelling exhibits two stages: slow swelling kinetics before recrystallization and rapid swelling kinetics with recrystallization. We observe that the recrystallization can significantly expedite the formation and growth of gas bubbles at high fission densities. The reason is that the recrystallization process increases the nucleation probability of gas bubbles and reduces the diffusion time of fission gases from grain interior to grain boundaries by increasing the grain boundary area and decreasing the diffusion distance. The simulated gas bubble shape, size distribution, and density on the grain boundaries are consistent with experimental measurements. We investigate the effect of the recrystallization on the gas-bubble-driven fuel swelling in UMo through varying the initial grain size and grain aspect ratio. We conclude that the initial microstructure of fuel, such as grain size and grain aspect ratio, can be used to effectively control the recrystallization and therefore reduce the swelling in U-Mo fuel.},
doi = {10.1016/j.commatsci.2017.06.013},
journal = {Computational Materials Science},
number = C,
volume = 138,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}