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Title: Quantitative Evaluation of MD/HD Vehicle Electrification Using Statistical Data

Abstract

This paper aims to present a wide-ranging analysis of Class 3-8 commercial vehicle electrification by means of developing a framework tool which uses a quantitative method of electric vehicle energy consumption and appropriate charging considerations, as well as using the Fleet DNA statistical drive behavior data, in evaluating and accelerating feasible or market-ready MD/HD BEV technologies. In the paper, the ten representative Class 3-8 commercial vehicle electrifications have been evaluated as a function of various service coverages, including port drayage tractors, refuse trucks, delivery trucks, buses and bucket trucks. The results display all MD/HD vehicle electrifications which achieve significant energy savings and fuel cost savings. The majority of MD BEVs, with the exception of Class 3 bucket trucks, achieve less than a 5-year payback with 50-75% service coverage. For HD BEVs, with the exception of the Class 8 port drayage tractors, the 90% service coverage requires a 10-year or longer payback time, while the 50% service coverage needs a 7-8 year payback. Class 8 port drayage tractors should achieve no more than a 3.5 year payback with 50-75% service coverage. Thus, it indicates a highly feasible potential of class 3-6 MD vehicles to be electrified, and class 7-8 HD electrificationmore » applications seem feasible for short-distance service.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. Energetics Incorporated
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1423060
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 2672; Journal Issue: 24; Conference: 2018 TRB Annual Meeting - Washington DC, District of Columbia, United States of America - 1/7/2018 3:00:00 PM-1/11/2018 3:00:00 PM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Gao, Zhiming, Lin, Zhenhong, Davis, Stacy Cagle, and Birky, Alicia. Quantitative Evaluation of MD/HD Vehicle Electrification Using Statistical Data. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1177/0361198118792329.
Gao, Zhiming, Lin, Zhenhong, Davis, Stacy Cagle, & Birky, Alicia. Quantitative Evaluation of MD/HD Vehicle Electrification Using Statistical Data. United States. doi:10.1177/0361198118792329.
Gao, Zhiming, Lin, Zhenhong, Davis, Stacy Cagle, and Birky, Alicia. Mon . "Quantitative Evaluation of MD/HD Vehicle Electrification Using Statistical Data". United States. doi:10.1177/0361198118792329. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1423060.
@article{osti_1423060,
title = {Quantitative Evaluation of MD/HD Vehicle Electrification Using Statistical Data},
author = {Gao, Zhiming and Lin, Zhenhong and Davis, Stacy Cagle and Birky, Alicia},
abstractNote = {This paper aims to present a wide-ranging analysis of Class 3-8 commercial vehicle electrification by means of developing a framework tool which uses a quantitative method of electric vehicle energy consumption and appropriate charging considerations, as well as using the Fleet DNA statistical drive behavior data, in evaluating and accelerating feasible or market-ready MD/HD BEV technologies. In the paper, the ten representative Class 3-8 commercial vehicle electrifications have been evaluated as a function of various service coverages, including port drayage tractors, refuse trucks, delivery trucks, buses and bucket trucks. The results display all MD/HD vehicle electrifications which achieve significant energy savings and fuel cost savings. The majority of MD BEVs, with the exception of Class 3 bucket trucks, achieve less than a 5-year payback with 50-75% service coverage. For HD BEVs, with the exception of the Class 8 port drayage tractors, the 90% service coverage requires a 10-year or longer payback time, while the 50% service coverage needs a 7-8 year payback. Class 8 port drayage tractors should achieve no more than a 3.5 year payback with 50-75% service coverage. Thus, it indicates a highly feasible potential of class 3-6 MD vehicles to be electrified, and class 7-8 HD electrification applications seem feasible for short-distance service.},
doi = {10.1177/0361198118792329},
journal = {},
issn = {0361--1981},
number = 24,
volume = 2672,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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