skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Electroluminescence pulse shape and electron diffusion in liquid argon measured in a dual-phase TPC

Abstract

Here, we report the measurement of the longitudinal diffusion constant in liquid argon with the DarkSide-50 dual-phase time projection chamber. The measurement is performed at drift electric fields of 100 V/cm, 150 V/cm, and 200 V/cm using high statistics $$^{39}$$Ar decays from atmospheric argon. We derive an expression to describe the pulse shape of the electroluminescence signal (S2) in dual-phase TPCs. The derived S2 pulse shape is fit to events from the uppermost portion of the TPC in order to characterize the radial dependence of the signal. The results are provided as inputs to the measurement of the longitudinal diffusion constant DL, which we find to be (4.12 $$\pm$$ 0.04) cm$^2$/s for a selection of 140keV electron recoil events in 200V/cm drift field and 2.8kV/cm extraction field. To study the systematics of our measurement we examine datasets of varying event energy, field strength, and detector volume yielding a weighted average value for the diffusion constant of (4.09 $$\pm$$ 0.09) cm$^2$ /s. The measured longitudinal diffusion constant is observed to have an energy dependence, and within the studied energy range the result is systematically lower than other results in the literature.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DarkSide
OSTI Identifier:
1422495
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1802.01427; FERMILAB-PUB-18-043-E
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; 1653194
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 904; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Electron diffusion constant; Liquid argon; Time projection chamber

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M. P., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Qian, H., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Electroluminescence pulse shape and electron diffusion in liquid argon measured in a dual-phase TPC. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.077.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M. P., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Qian, H., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., & Zuzel, G. Electroluminescence pulse shape and electron diffusion in liquid argon measured in a dual-phase TPC. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.077.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Ave, M. P., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Ghiano, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Qian, H., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Mon . "Electroluminescence pulse shape and electron diffusion in liquid argon measured in a dual-phase TPC". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.077.
@article{osti_1422495,
title = {Electroluminescence pulse shape and electron diffusion in liquid argon measured in a dual-phase TPC},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. P. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Batignani, G. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bossa, M. and Bottino, B. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Caminata, A. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Carpinelli, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Cavuoti, S. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D’Angelo, D. and D’Incecco, M. and D’Urso, D. and Davini, S. and De Candia, A. and De Cecco, S. and De Deo, M. and De Filippis, G. and De Rosa, G. and De Vincenzi, M. and Demontis, P. and Derbin, A. V. and Devoto, A. and Di Eusanio, F. and Di Pietro, G. and Dionisi, C. and Edkins, E. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Gabrieli, A. and Galbiati, C. and Ghiano, C. and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Gulino, M. and Hackett, B. R. and Herner, K. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, An. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kochanek, I. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Kuss, M. and Li, X. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Messina, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Monte, A. and Morrocchi, M. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Navrer Agasson, A. and Nozdrina, A. and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pandola, L. and Pantic, E. and Paoloni, E. and Pazzona, F. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Qian, H. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Sablone, D. and Samoylov, O. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Sant, M. and Savarese, C. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Suffritti, G. B. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Waldrop, T. J. and Walker, S. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wojcik, M. M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, C. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the measurement of the longitudinal diffusion constant in liquid argon with the DarkSide-50 dual-phase time projection chamber. The measurement is performed at drift electric fields of 100 V/cm, 150 V/cm, and 200 V/cm using high statistics $^{39}$Ar decays from atmospheric argon. We derive an expression to describe the pulse shape of the electroluminescence signal (S2) in dual-phase TPCs. The derived S2 pulse shape is fit to events from the uppermost portion of the TPC in order to characterize the radial dependence of the signal. The results are provided as inputs to the measurement of the longitudinal diffusion constant DL, which we find to be (4.12 $\pm$ 0.04) cm$^2$/s for a selection of 140keV electron recoil events in 200V/cm drift field and 2.8kV/cm extraction field. To study the systematics of our measurement we examine datasets of varying event energy, field strength, and detector volume yielding a weighted average value for the diffusion constant of (4.09 $\pm$ 0.09) cm$^2$ /s. The measured longitudinal diffusion constant is observed to have an energy dependence, and within the studied energy range the result is systematically lower than other results in the literature.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2018.06.077},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 904,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 09 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Mon Jul 09 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on July 9, 2019
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: