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Title: A Comparison of Cosmological Parameters Determined from CMB Temperature Power Spectra from the South Pole Telescope and the Planck Satellite

Abstract

The Planck cosmic microwave background temperature data are best fit with a Lambda CDM model that mildly contradicts constraints from other cosmological probes. The South Pole Telescope (SPT) 2540 deg(2) SPT-SZ survey offers measurements on sub-degree angular scales (multipoles 650 <= l <= 2500) with sufficient precision to use as an independent check of the Planck data. Here we build on the recent joint analysis of the SPT-SZ and Planck data in Hou et al. by comparing Lambda CDM parameter estimates using the temperature power spectrum from both data sets in the SPT-SZ survey region. We also restrict the multipole range used in parameter fitting to focus on modes measured well by both SPT and Planck, thereby greatly reducing sample variance as a driver of parameter differences and creating a stringent test for systematic errors. We find no evidence of systematic errors from these tests. When we expand the maximum multipole of SPT data used, we see low-significance shifts in the angular scale of the sound horizon and the physical baryon and cold dark matter densities, with a resulting trend to higher Hubble constant. When we compare SPT and Planck data on the SPT-SZ sky patch to Planck full-sky datamore » but keep the multipole range restricted, we find differences in the parameters n(s) and A(s)e(-2 tau). We perform further checks, investigating instrumental effects and modeling assumptions, and we find no evidence that the effects investigated are responsible for any of the parameter shifts. Taken together, these tests reveal no evidence for systematic errors in SPT or Planck data in the overlapping sky coverage and multipole range and at most weak evidence for a breakdown of Lambda CDM or systematic errors influencing either the Planck data outside the SPT-SZ survey area or the SPT data at l > 2000.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1421944
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 850; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Aylor, K., Hou, Z., Knox, L., Story, K. T., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Chown, R., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Haan, T. de, Dobbs, M. A., Everett, W. B., George, E. M., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Luong-Van, D., Marrone, D. P., McMahon, J. J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Omori, Y., Padin, S., Pryke, C., Reichardt, C. L., Ruhl, J. E., Sayre, J. T., Schaffer, K. K., Shirokoff, E., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., and Williamson, R.. A Comparison of Cosmological Parameters Determined from CMB Temperature Power Spectra from the South Pole Telescope and the Planck Satellite. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa947b.
Aylor, K., Hou, Z., Knox, L., Story, K. T., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Chown, R., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Haan, T. de, Dobbs, M. A., Everett, W. B., George, E. M., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Luong-Van, D., Marrone, D. P., McMahon, J. J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Omori, Y., Padin, S., Pryke, C., Reichardt, C. L., Ruhl, J. E., Sayre, J. T., Schaffer, K. K., Shirokoff, E., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., & Williamson, R.. A Comparison of Cosmological Parameters Determined from CMB Temperature Power Spectra from the South Pole Telescope and the Planck Satellite. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa947b.
Aylor, K., Hou, Z., Knox, L., Story, K. T., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Cho, H-M., Chown, R., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Haan, T. de, Dobbs, M. A., Everett, W. B., George, E. M., Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N. L., Holder, G. P., Holzapfel, W. L., Hrubes, J. D., Keisler, R., Lee, A. T., Leitch, E. M., Luong-Van, D., Marrone, D. P., McMahon, J. J., Meyer, S. S., Millea, M., Mocanu, L. M., Mohr, J. J., Natoli, T., Omori, Y., Padin, S., Pryke, C., Reichardt, C. L., Ruhl, J. E., Sayre, J. T., Schaffer, K. K., Shirokoff, E., Staniszewski, Z., Stark, A. A., Vanderlinde, K., Vieira, J. D., and Williamson, R.. Mon . "A Comparison of Cosmological Parameters Determined from CMB Temperature Power Spectra from the South Pole Telescope and the Planck Satellite". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa947b.
@article{osti_1421944,
title = {A Comparison of Cosmological Parameters Determined from CMB Temperature Power Spectra from the South Pole Telescope and the Planck Satellite},
author = {Aylor, K. and Hou, Z. and Knox, L. and Story, K. T. and Benson, B. A. and Bleem, L. E. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Chang, C. L. and Cho, H-M. and Chown, R. and Crawford, T. M. and Crites, A. T. and Haan, T. de and Dobbs, M. A. and Everett, W. B. and George, E. M. and Halverson, N. W. and Harrington, N. L. and Holder, G. P. and Holzapfel, W. L. and Hrubes, J. D. and Keisler, R. and Lee, A. T. and Leitch, E. M. and Luong-Van, D. and Marrone, D. P. and McMahon, J. J. and Meyer, S. S. and Millea, M. and Mocanu, L. M. and Mohr, J. J. and Natoli, T. and Omori, Y. and Padin, S. and Pryke, C. and Reichardt, C. L. and Ruhl, J. E. and Sayre, J. T. and Schaffer, K. K. and Shirokoff, E. and Staniszewski, Z. and Stark, A. A. and Vanderlinde, K. and Vieira, J. D. and Williamson, R.},
abstractNote = {The Planck cosmic microwave background temperature data are best fit with a Lambda CDM model that mildly contradicts constraints from other cosmological probes. The South Pole Telescope (SPT) 2540 deg(2) SPT-SZ survey offers measurements on sub-degree angular scales (multipoles 650 <= l <= 2500) with sufficient precision to use as an independent check of the Planck data. Here we build on the recent joint analysis of the SPT-SZ and Planck data in Hou et al. by comparing Lambda CDM parameter estimates using the temperature power spectrum from both data sets in the SPT-SZ survey region. We also restrict the multipole range used in parameter fitting to focus on modes measured well by both SPT and Planck, thereby greatly reducing sample variance as a driver of parameter differences and creating a stringent test for systematic errors. We find no evidence of systematic errors from these tests. When we expand the maximum multipole of SPT data used, we see low-significance shifts in the angular scale of the sound horizon and the physical baryon and cold dark matter densities, with a resulting trend to higher Hubble constant. When we compare SPT and Planck data on the SPT-SZ sky patch to Planck full-sky data but keep the multipole range restricted, we find differences in the parameters n(s) and A(s)e(-2 tau). We perform further checks, investigating instrumental effects and modeling assumptions, and we find no evidence that the effects investigated are responsible for any of the parameter shifts. Taken together, these tests reveal no evidence for systematic errors in SPT or Planck data in the overlapping sky coverage and multipole range and at most weak evidence for a breakdown of Lambda CDM or systematic errors influencing either the Planck data outside the SPT-SZ survey area or the SPT data at l > 2000.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa947b},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 850,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Nov 20 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Mon Nov 20 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}