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Title: CALIS—A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment

Abstract

This paper describes the design, fabrication, commissioning and use of a CALibration source Insertion System (CALIS) in the DarkSide-50 direct dark matter search experiment. CALIS deploys radioactive sources into the liquid scintillator veto to characterize the detector response and detection efficiency of the DarkSide-50 Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, and the surrounding 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto. It was commissioned in September 2014 and has been used successfully in several gamma and neutron source campaigns since then. A description of the hardware and an excerpt of calibration analysis results are given below.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The DarkSide Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1421350
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418006; OSTI ID: 1438679
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-131491; LLNL-JRNL-738577
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC05-76RL01830; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; Dark Matter detectors (WIMPs, axions, etc.); Detector alignment and calibration methods (lasers, sources, particle-beams)

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadonati, L., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Jollet, C., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meregaglia, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Miller, J. D., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Odrowski, S., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, Xi., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. CALIS—A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/T12004.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadonati, L., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Jollet, C., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meregaglia, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Miller, J. D., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Odrowski, S., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, Xi., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., & Zuzel, G. CALIS—A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/T12004.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Brigatti, A., Brodsky, J., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadonati, L., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A., Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Forster, G., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Grandi, L., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Jollet, C., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Lombardi, P., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Marini, L., Martoff, C. J., Meregaglia, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Miller, J. D., Montanari, D., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Odrowski, S., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Parmeggiano, S., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Ranucci, G., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Rountree, D., Sablone, D., Saggese, P., Saldanha, R., Sands, W., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shields, E., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Tatarowicz, J., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, Xi., Xiao, X., Xu, J., Yang, C., Zec, A., Zhong, W., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Mon . "CALIS—A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/T12004. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1421350.
@article{osti_1421350,
title = {CALIS—A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Asner, D. M. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bossa, M. and Bottino, B. and Brigatti, A. and Brodsky, J. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadonati, L. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cavalcante, P. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D'Angelo, D. and D'Incecco, M. and Davini, S. and Cecco, S. De and Deo, M. De and Vincenzi, M. De and Derbin, A. and Devoto, A. and Eusanio, F. Di and Pietro, G. Di and Dionisi, C. and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Forster, G. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Galbiati, C. and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Grandi, L. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Hackett, B. R. and Herner, K. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, Al. and Ianni, An. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Jollet, C. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Li, X. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Lombardi, P. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Marini, L. and Martoff, C. J. and Meregaglia, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Miller, J. D. and Montanari, D. and Monte, A. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Napolitano, J. and Agasson, A. Navrer and Odrowski, S. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pantic, E. and Parmeggiano, S. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Randle, K. and Ranucci, G. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Rountree, D. and Sablone, D. and Saggese, P. and Saldanha, R. and Sands, W. and Savarese, C. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Shields, E. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Tatarowicz, J. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Walker, S. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wilhelmi, J. and Wojcik, M. M. and Xiang, Xi. and Xiao, X. and Xu, J. and Yang, C. and Zec, A. and Zhong, W. and Zhu, C. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {This paper describes the design, fabrication, commissioning and use of a CALibration source Insertion System (CALIS) in the DarkSide-50 direct dark matter search experiment. CALIS deploys radioactive sources into the liquid scintillator veto to characterize the detector response and detection efficiency of the DarkSide-50 Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, and the surrounding 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto. It was commissioned in September 2014 and has been used successfully in several gamma and neutron source campaigns since then. A description of the hardware and an excerpt of calibration analysis results are given below.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/T12004},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 12,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Dec 18 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Mon Dec 18 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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  • This paper describes the design, fabrication, commissioning and use of a CALibration source Insertion System (CALIS) in the DarkSide-50 direct dark matter search experiment. CALIS deploys radioactive sources into the liquid scintillator veto to characterize the detector response and detection efficiency of the DarkSide-50 Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, and the surrounding 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto. It was commissioned in September 2014 and has been used successfully in several gamma and neutron source campaigns since then. A description of the hardware and an excerpt of calibration analysis results are given below.
  • This paper describes the design, fabrication, commissioning and use of a CALibration source Insertion System (CALIS) in the DarkSide-50 direct dark matter search experiment. CALIS deploys radioactive sources into the liquid scintillator veto to characterize the detector response and detection efficiency of the DarkSide-50 Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, and the surrounding 30 t organic liquid scintillator neutron veto. It was commissioned in September 2014 and has been used successfully in several gamma and neutron source campaigns since then. A description of the hardware and an excerpt of calibration analysis results are given below.
  • We present the results of a search for dark matter WIMPs in the mass range below 20 GeV/c^2 using a target of low-radioactivity argon. The data were obtained using the DarkSide-50 apparatus at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). The analysis is based on the ionization signal, for which the DarkSide-50 time projection chamber is fully efficient at 0.1 keVee. The observed rate in the detector at 0.5 keVee is about 1.5 events/keVee/kg/day and is almost entirely accounted for by known background sources. We obtain a 90% C.L. exclusion limit above 1.8 GeV/c^2 for the spin-independent cross section of darkmore » matter WIMPs on nucleons, extending the exclusion region for dark matter below previous limits in the range 1.8-6 GeV/c^2.« less
  • The DarkSide-50 experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is a search for dark matter using a dual phase time projection chamber with 50 kg of low radioactivity argon as target. Light signals from interactions in the argon are detected by a system of 38 photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs), 19 above and 19 below the TPC volume inside the argon cryostat. We describe the electronics which processes the signals from the photo-multipliers, the trigger system which identifies events of interest, and the data-acquisition system which records the data for further analysis. The electronics include resistive voltage dividers on the PMTs,more » custom pre-amplifiers mounted directly on the PMT voltage dividers in the liquid argon, and custom amplifier/discriminators (at room temperature). After amplification, the PMT signals are digitized in CAEN waveform digitizers, and CAEN logic modules are used to construct the trigger, the data acquisition system for the TPC is based on the Fermilab "artdaq" software. The system has been in operation since early 2014.« less