skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions

Abstract

An important component of analyses of the Paris Agreement has been the assessment of comparability of countries’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs). These assessments have typically focused on a set of emissions or cost-based indicators1-8. At the same time, an increasing body of literature is articulating many possible linkages between mitigation and other national priorities, with a major focus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)9-13. The importance of the SDGs raises a question about how their linkages to mitigation activities might influence comparability assessments. We explore this question using a global integrated assessment model14 and provide illustrations of the geographical distributions of the influence of the NDCs on broader sustainability goals. We demonstrate that the extent to which these distributions differ from the distribution of mitigation effort obtained using standard comparability metrics depends on the degree to which domestic mitigation actions affect broader sustainability goals domestically and/or internationally and whether these effects are synergistic or antagonistic. Our analysis provides a foundation for considering how comparability across the NDCs could be better understood in the larger context of sustainability.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1421328
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-121202
Journal ID: ISSN 1758-678X
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Climate Change
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1758-678X
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Iyer, Gokul, Calvin, Katherine, Clarke, Leon, Edmonds, James, Hultman, Nathan, Hartin, Corinne, McJeon, Haewon, Aldy, Joseph, and Pizer, William. Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z.
Iyer, Gokul, Calvin, Katherine, Clarke, Leon, Edmonds, James, Hultman, Nathan, Hartin, Corinne, McJeon, Haewon, Aldy, Joseph, & Pizer, William. Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions. United States. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z.
Iyer, Gokul, Calvin, Katherine, Clarke, Leon, Edmonds, James, Hultman, Nathan, Hartin, Corinne, McJeon, Haewon, Aldy, Joseph, and Pizer, William. Mon . "Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions". United States. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z.
@article{osti_1421328,
title = {Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions},
author = {Iyer, Gokul and Calvin, Katherine and Clarke, Leon and Edmonds, James and Hultman, Nathan and Hartin, Corinne and McJeon, Haewon and Aldy, Joseph and Pizer, William},
abstractNote = {An important component of analyses of the Paris Agreement has been the assessment of comparability of countries’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs). These assessments have typically focused on a set of emissions or cost-based indicators1-8. At the same time, an increasing body of literature is articulating many possible linkages between mitigation and other national priorities, with a major focus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)9-13. The importance of the SDGs raises a question about how their linkages to mitigation activities might influence comparability assessments. We explore this question using a global integrated assessment model14 and provide illustrations of the geographical distributions of the influence of the NDCs on broader sustainability goals. We demonstrate that the extent to which these distributions differ from the distribution of mitigation effort obtained using standard comparability metrics depends on the degree to which domestic mitigation actions affect broader sustainability goals domestically and/or internationally and whether these effects are synergistic or antagonistic. Our analysis provides a foundation for considering how comparability across the NDCs could be better understood in the larger context of sustainability.},
doi = {10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z},
journal = {Nature Climate Change},
issn = {1758-678X},
number = 2,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Sharing developed countries’ post-2012 greenhouse gas emission reductions based on comparable efforts
journal, April 2010

  • den Elzen, Michel G. J.; Höhne, Niklas; Hagemann, Markus M.
  • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-010-9227-0

Co-benefits of mitigating global greenhouse gas emissions for future air quality and human health
journal, September 2013

  • West, J. Jason; Smith, Steven J.; Silva, Raquel A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2009

Ocean acidification over the next three centuries using a simple global climate carbon-cycle model: projections and sensitivities
journal, January 2016

  • Hartin, Corinne A.; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Patel, Pralit
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 13, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-13-4329-2016

Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: initial experiments using GCAM
journal, December 2012


Policy trade-offs between climate mitigation and clean cook-stove access in South Asia
journal, January 2016


Sharing a quota on cumulative carbon emissions
journal, September 2014

  • Raupach, Michael R.; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen P.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2384

Implications of greenhouse gas emission mitigation scenarios for the main Asian regions
journal, December 2012


Implications of Limiting CO2 Concentrations for Land Use and Energy
journal, May 2009


2 °C and SDGs: united they stand, divided they fall?
journal, March 2016


Allocating a 2 °C cumulative carbon budget to countries
journal, July 2015


Major oil exporters may profit rather than lose, in a carbon-constrained world
journal, December 2007


Integrating Global Climate Change Mitigation Goals with Other Sustainability Objectives: A Synthesis
journal, November 2015


Economic tools to promote transparency and comparability in the Paris Agreement
journal, August 2016

  • Aldy, Joseph; Pizer, William; Tavoni, Massimo
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3106

Alternative Metrics for Comparing Domestic Climate Change Mitigation Efforts and the Emerging International Climate Policy Architecture
journal, November 2015

  • Aldy, Joseph E.; Pizer, William A.
  • Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/reep/rev013

Comparison and interactions between the long-term pursuit of energy independence and climate policies
journal, June 2016


Improved representation of investment decisions in assessments of CO2 mitigation
journal, March 2015

  • Iyer, Gokul C.; Clarke, Leon E.; Edmonds, James A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2553

Can Paris pledges avert severe climate change?
journal, November 2015


The Distribution of the Major Economies' Effort in the Durban Platform Scenarios
journal, November 2013

  • Tavoni, Massimo; Kriegler, Elmar; Aboumahboub, Tino
  • Climate Change Economics, Vol. 04, Issue 04
  • DOI: 10.1142/S2010007813400095

Sustainable development goals for people and planet
journal, March 2013

  • Griggs, David; Stafford-Smith, Mark; Gaffney, Owen
  • Nature, Vol. 495, Issue 7441
  • DOI: 10.1038/495305a

Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets
journal, October 2013


Model projections for household energy use in developing countries
journal, January 2012


Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions
journal, October 2015


Better air for better health: Forging synergies in policies for energy access, climate change and air pollution
journal, October 2013