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Title: COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring* [COSMOGRAIL XVI: Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring]

Abstract

Here, we present time-delay measurements for the new quadruple imaged quasar DES J0408–5354, the first quadruple imaged quasar found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES). Our result is made possible by implementing a new observational strategy using almost daily observations with the MPIA 2.2 m telescope at La Silla observatory and deep exposures reaching a signal-to-noise ratio of about 1000 per quasar image. This data qualityallows us to catch small photometric variations (a few mmag rms) of the quasar, acting on temporal scales much shorter than microlensing, and hence making the time delay measurement very robust against microlensing. In only seven months we very accurately measured one of the time delays in DES J0408–5354: Δt(AB) = –112.1 ± 2.1 days (1.8%) using only the MPIA 2.2 m data. In combination with data taken with the 1.2 m Euler Swiss telescope, we also measured two delays involving the D component of the system Δt(AD) = –155.5 ± 12.8 days (8.2%) and Δt(BD) = –42.4 ± 17.6 days (41%), where all the error bars include systematics. Turning these time delays into cosmological constraints will require deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging or ground-based adaptive optics (AO), and information on the velocity fieldmore » of the lensing galaxy.« less

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration; DES
OSTI Identifier:
1419986
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1422478; OSTI ID: 1429333; OSTI ID: 1487082
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1706.09424; FERMILAB-PUB-17-204-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361; PII: aa31461-17; TRN: US1801434
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC05-00OR22725; AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 609; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; methods: data analysis; gravitational lensing: strong; cosmological parameters; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Courbin, F., Bonvin, V., Buckley-Geer, E., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Lin, H., Marshall, P. J., Suyu, S. H., Treu, T., Anguita, T., Motta, V., Meylan, G., Paic, E., Tewes, M., Agnello, A., Chao, D. C. -Y., Chijani, M., Gilman, D., Rojas, K., Williams, P., Hempel, A., Kim, S., Lachaume, R., Rabus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., DePoy, D. L., Desai, S., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, R. G., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Tucker, D. L., Walker, A. R., and Wester, W. COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring* [COSMOGRAIL XVI: Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring]. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731461.
Courbin, F., Bonvin, V., Buckley-Geer, E., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Lin, H., Marshall, P. J., Suyu, S. H., Treu, T., Anguita, T., Motta, V., Meylan, G., Paic, E., Tewes, M., Agnello, A., Chao, D. C. -Y., Chijani, M., Gilman, D., Rojas, K., Williams, P., Hempel, A., Kim, S., Lachaume, R., Rabus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., DePoy, D. L., Desai, S., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, R. G., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Tucker, D. L., Walker, A. R., & Wester, W. COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring* [COSMOGRAIL XVI: Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring]. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731461.
Courbin, F., Bonvin, V., Buckley-Geer, E., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Lin, H., Marshall, P. J., Suyu, S. H., Treu, T., Anguita, T., Motta, V., Meylan, G., Paic, E., Tewes, M., Agnello, A., Chao, D. C. -Y., Chijani, M., Gilman, D., Rojas, K., Williams, P., Hempel, A., Kim, S., Lachaume, R., Rabus, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., DePoy, D. L., Desai, S., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, R. G., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Tucker, D. L., Walker, A. R., and Wester, W. Tue . "COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring* [COSMOGRAIL XVI: Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring]". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731461. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419986.
@article{osti_1419986,
title = {COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring* [COSMOGRAIL XVI: Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408–5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring]},
author = {Courbin, F. and Bonvin, V. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Fassnacht, C. D. and Frieman, J. and Lin, H. and Marshall, P. J. and Suyu, S. H. and Treu, T. and Anguita, T. and Motta, V. and Meylan, G. and Paic, E. and Tewes, M. and Agnello, A. and Chao, D. C. -Y. and Chijani, M. and Gilman, D. and Rojas, K. and Williams, P. and Hempel, A. and Kim, S. and Lachaume, R. and Rabus, M. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Allam, S. and Annis, J. and Banerji, M. and Bechtol, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Brooks, D. and Burke, D. L. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and Davis, C. and DePoy, D. L. and Desai, S. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Goldstein, D. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Kuehn, K. and Kuhlmann, S. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and McMahon, R. G. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Nord, B. and Plazas, A. A. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Tarle, G. and Tucker, D. L. and Walker, A. R. and Wester, W.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present time-delay measurements for the new quadruple imaged quasar DES J0408–5354, the first quadruple imaged quasar found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES). Our result is made possible by implementing a new observational strategy using almost daily observations with the MPIA 2.2 m telescope at La Silla observatory and deep exposures reaching a signal-to-noise ratio of about 1000 per quasar image. This data qualityallows us to catch small photometric variations (a few mmag rms) of the quasar, acting on temporal scales much shorter than microlensing, and hence making the time delay measurement very robust against microlensing. In only seven months we very accurately measured one of the time delays in DES J0408–5354: Δt(AB) = –112.1 ± 2.1 days (1.8%) using only the MPIA 2.2 m data. In combination with data taken with the 1.2 m Euler Swiss telescope, we also measured two delays involving the D component of the system Δt(AD) = –155.5 ± 12.8 days (8.2%) and Δt(BD) = –42.4 ± 17.6 days (41%), where all the error bars include systematics. Turning these time delays into cosmological constraints will require deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging or ground-based adaptive optics (AO), and information on the velocity field of the lensing galaxy.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201731461},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
issn = {0004-6361},
number = ,
volume = 609,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Cited by: 11 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Part of the field of view around DES J0408−5354 as seen with the 2.2m MPIA/ESO telescope at La Silla observatory. The image is a stack of 150 frames totaling 25h of exposure. The 6 PSF stars used to obtain the photometric light curves with deconvolution photometry are indicatedmore » in red. The 6 stars used for the frame-to-frame calibration of the relative photometry are indicated in green. The inset shows a 10′′ zoom on DES J0408−5354 and is extracted from a single 640 sec exposure with 0.6′′ seeing with the same labeling for the quasar images as in Fig. 1 of Lin et al. (2017). Note that image C is blended with a foreground lensing galaxy labeled G2 in Agnello et al. (2017) and Lin et al. (2017).« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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A Bayesian analysis of regularized source inversions in gravitational lensing
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Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354
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The internal structure of the lens PG1115+080: breaking degeneracies in the value of the Hubble constant
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Firedec: a two-channel finite-resolution image deconvolution algorithm
    journal, April 2016


    A new hybrid framework to efficiently model lines of sight to gravitational lenses
    journal, August 2014

    • McCully, Curtis; Keeton, Charles R.; Wong, Kenneth C.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 443, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1316

    The internal structure of the lens PG1115+080: breaking degeneracies in the value of the Hubble constant
    journal, September 2002


    Cosmology at a crossroads
    journal, May 2017


    H0LiCOW – III. Quantifying the effect of mass along the line of sight to the gravitational lens HE 0435−1223 through weighted galaxy counts★
    journal, February 2017

    • Rusu, Cristian E.; Fassnacht, Christopher D.; Sluse, Dominique
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 467, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx285

    H0LiCOW – I. H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL's Wellspring: program overview
    journal, February 2017

    • Suyu, S. H.; Bonvin, V.; Courbin, F.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 468, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx483

    Discovery of two gravitationally lensed quasars in the Dark Energy Survey
    journal, October 2015

    • Agnello, A.; Treu, T.; Ostrovski, F.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2171

    H0LiCOW – IV. Lens mass model of HE 0435−1223 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance for cosmology
    journal, November 2016

    • Wong, Kenneth C.; Suyu, Sherry H.; Auger, Matthew W.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3077

    Discovery of the Lensed Quasar System DES J0408-5354
    journal, March 2017


    H0LiCOW – II. Spectroscopic survey and galaxy-group identification of the strong gravitational lens system HE 0435−1223
    journal, June 2017

    • Sluse, D.; Sonnenfeld, A.; Rumbaugh, N.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 470, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1484

    Reconstructing the lensing mass in the Universe from photometric catalogue data
    journal, April 2013

    • Collett, Thomas E.; Marshall, Philip J.; Auger, Matthew W.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt504

    COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: XIV. Time delay of the doubly lensed quasar SDSS J1001+5027
    journal, August 2013


    H0LiCOW – V. New COSMOGRAIL time delays of HE 0435−1223: H 0 to 3.8 per cent precision from strong lensing in a flat ΛCDM model
    journal, November 2016

    • Bonvin, V.; Courbin, F.; Suyu, S. H.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3006

    COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses: VII. Time delays and the Hubble constant from WFI J2033–4723
    journal, July 2008


    A Bayesian analysis of regularized source inversions in gravitational lensing
    journal, September 2006


    SExtractor: Software for source extraction
    journal, June 1996

    • Bertin, E.; Arnouts, S.
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 117, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996164

    On the Possibility of Determining Hubble's Parameter and the Masses of Galaxies from the Gravitational Lens Effect
    journal, September 1964


    Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408−5354
    journal, September 2017

    • Agnello, A.; Lin, H.; Buckley-Geer, L.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 472, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2242

    Measuring angular diameter distances of strong gravitational lenses
    journal, November 2015


    Final Results from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project to Measure the Hubble Constant
    journal, May 2001

    • Freedman, Wendy L.; Madore, Barry F.; Gibson, Brad K.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 553, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/320638

    Quantifying Environmental and Line-of-sight Effects in Models of Strong Gravitational Lens Systems
    journal, February 2017


    VDES J2325−5229 a z = 2.7 gravitationally lensed quasar discovered using morphology-independent supervised machine learning
    journal, November 2016

    • Ostrovski, Fernanda; McMahon, Richard G.; Connolly, Andrew J.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2958

    Deconvolution with Correct Sampling
    journal, February 1998

    • Magain, P.; Courbin, F.; Sohy, S.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 494, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/305187

    Planck 2015 results : XIII. Cosmological parameters
    journal, September 2016


    Ray-tracing through the Millennium Simulation: Born corrections and lens-lens coupling in cosmic shear and galaxy-galaxy lensing
    journal, March 2009


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.