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Title: Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets

Abstract

Cubic garnet (space group Ia\overline 3 d) has the general formulaX 3Y 2Z 3O 12, whereX,YandZare cation sites. In the tetragonal garnet (space groupI4 1/acd), the corresponding cation sites areX1 andX2,Y, andZ1 andZ2. In both space groups only theYsite is the same. The crystal chemistry of a tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine sample from Tongbei, near Yunxiao, Fujian Province, China, with composition X(Mn 2.82Fe^{2+}_{0.14}Ca 0.04) Σ3 Y{Al 1.95Fe^{3+}_{0.05}} Σ2 Z[(SiO 4) 2.61(O 4H 4) 0.28(F 4) 0.11] Σ3(Sps 94Alm 5Grs 1) was studied with single-crystal X-ray diffraction and space groupI4 1/acd. The deviation of the unit-cell parameters from cubic symmetry is small [a= 11.64463(1),c= 11.65481 (2) Å,c/a= 1.0009]. Point analyses and back-scattered electron images, obtained by electron-probe microanalysis, indicate a homogeneous composition. TheZ2 site is fully occupied, but theZ1 site contains vacancies. The occupiedZ1 andZ2 sites with Si atoms are surrounded by four O atoms, as in anhydrous cubic garnets. Pairs of split sites are O1 with F11 and O2 with O22. When theZ1 site is vacant, a larger [(O 2H 2)F 2] tetrahedron is formed by two OH and two F anions in the O22 and F11 sites, respectively. This [(O 2H 2)F 2] tetrahedron is similar to the O 4Hmore » 4tetrahedron in hydrogarnets. These results indicate ^{X}{{\rm Mn}^ {2+}_{3}}\,^{Y}{\rm Al}_{2}^{Z}[({\rm SiO}_{4})_{2}({\rm O}_{2}{\rm H}_{2})_{0.5}({\rm F}_{2})_{0.5}]_{\Sigma3} as a possible end member, which is yet unknown. The H atom that is bonded to the O22 site is not located because of the small number of OH groups. In contrast, tetragonal henritermierite, ideally ^{X}{\rm Ca}_{3}\,^{Y}{\rm Mn}^{3+}_{2}\,^{Z}[({\rm SiO}_{4})_{2}({\rm O}_{4}{\rm H}_{4})_1]_{\Sigma3}, has a vacantZ2 site that contains the O 4H 4tetrahedron. The H atom is bonded to an O3 atom [O3—H3 = 0.73 (2) Å]. Because of O2—Mn 3+—O2 Jahn–Teller elongation of the Mn 3+O 6octahedron, a weak hydrogen bond is formed to the under-bonded O2 atom. This causes a large deviation from cubic symmetry (c/a= 0.9534).« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE - BASIC ENERGY SCIENCESFOREIGN
OSTI Identifier:
1419877
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials (Online); Journal Volume: 74; Journal Issue: 1
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH

Citation Formats

Antao, Sytle M., and Cruickshank, Laura A.. Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S2052520617018248.
Antao, Sytle M., & Cruickshank, Laura A.. Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets. United States. doi:10.1107/S2052520617018248.
Antao, Sytle M., and Cruickshank, Laura A.. Tue . "Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets". United States. doi:10.1107/S2052520617018248.
@article{osti_1419877,
title = {Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets},
author = {Antao, Sytle M. and Cruickshank, Laura A.},
abstractNote = {Cubic garnet (space group Ia\overline 3 d) has the general formulaX3Y2Z3O12, whereX,YandZare cation sites. In the tetragonal garnet (space groupI41/acd), the corresponding cation sites areX1 andX2,Y, andZ1 andZ2. In both space groups only theYsite is the same. The crystal chemistry of a tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine sample from Tongbei, near Yunxiao, Fujian Province, China, with compositionX(Mn2.82Fe^{2+}_{0.14}Ca0.04)Σ3Y{Al1.95Fe^{3+}_{0.05}}Σ2Z[(SiO4)2.61(O4H4)0.28(F4)0.11]Σ3(Sps94Alm5Grs1) was studied with single-crystal X-ray diffraction and space groupI41/acd. The deviation of the unit-cell parameters from cubic symmetry is small [a= 11.64463(1),c= 11.65481 (2) Å,c/a= 1.0009]. Point analyses and back-scattered electron images, obtained by electron-probe microanalysis, indicate a homogeneous composition. TheZ2 site is fully occupied, but theZ1 site contains vacancies. The occupiedZ1 andZ2 sites with Si atoms are surrounded by four O atoms, as in anhydrous cubic garnets. Pairs of split sites are O1 with F11 and O2 with O22. When theZ1 site is vacant, a larger [(O2H2)F2] tetrahedron is formed by two OH and two F anions in the O22 and F11 sites, respectively. This [(O2H2)F2] tetrahedron is similar to the O4H4tetrahedron in hydrogarnets. These results indicate ^{X}{{\rm Mn}^ {2+}_{3}}\,^{Y}{\rm Al}_{2}^{Z}[({\rm SiO}_{4})_{2}({\rm O}_{2}{\rm H}_{2})_{0.5}({\rm F}_{2})_{0.5}]_{\Sigma3} as a possible end member, which is yet unknown. The H atom that is bonded to the O22 site is not located because of the small number of OH groups. In contrast, tetragonal henritermierite, ideally ^{X}{\rm Ca}_{3}\,^{Y}{\rm Mn}^{3+}_{2}\,^{Z}[({\rm SiO}_{4})_{2}({\rm O}_{4}{\rm H}_{4})_1]_{\Sigma3}, has a vacantZ2 site that contains the O4H4tetrahedron. The H atom is bonded to an O3 atom [O3—H3 = 0.73 (2) Å]. Because of O2—Mn3+—O2 Jahn–Teller elongation of the Mn3+O6octahedron, a weak hydrogen bond is formed to the under-bonded O2 atom. This causes a large deviation from cubic symmetry (c/a= 0.9534).},
doi = {10.1107/S2052520617018248},
journal = {Acta Crystallographica. Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 74,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}