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Title: Mutual Information and Information Gating in Synfire Chains

Abstract

Here, coherent neuronal activity is believed to underlie the transfer and processing of information in the brain. Coherent activity in the form of synchronous firing and oscillations has been measured in many brain regions and has been correlated with enhanced feature processing and other sensory and cognitive functions. In the theoretical context, synfire chains and the transfer of transient activity packets in feedforward networks have been appealed to in order to describe coherent spiking and information transfer. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the classical synfire chain architecture, with the addition of suitably timed gating currents, can support the graded transfer of mean firing rates in feedforward networks (called synfire-gated synfire chains—SGSCs). Here we study information propagation in SGSCs by examining mutual information as a function of layer number in a feedforward network. We explore the effects of gating and noise on information transfer in synfire chains and demonstrate that asymptotically, two main regions exist in parameter space where information may be propagated and its propagation is controlled by pulse-gating: a large region where binary codes may be propagated, and a smaller region near a cusp in parameter space that supports graded propagation across many layers.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  2. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1419762
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-31404
Journal ID: ISSN 1099-4300; ENTRFG
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Entropy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1099-4300
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Biological Science; Computer Science; Mathematics; Pulse gating, channel capacity, neural coding, feedforward networks, neural information 16 propagation

Citation Formats

Xiao, Zhuocheng, Wang, Binxu, Sornborger, Andrew Tyler, and Tao, Louis. Mutual Information and Information Gating in Synfire Chains. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/e20020102.
Xiao, Zhuocheng, Wang, Binxu, Sornborger, Andrew Tyler, & Tao, Louis. Mutual Information and Information Gating in Synfire Chains. United States. doi:10.3390/e20020102.
Xiao, Zhuocheng, Wang, Binxu, Sornborger, Andrew Tyler, and Tao, Louis. Thu . "Mutual Information and Information Gating in Synfire Chains". United States. doi:10.3390/e20020102. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419762.
@article{osti_1419762,
title = {Mutual Information and Information Gating in Synfire Chains},
author = {Xiao, Zhuocheng and Wang, Binxu and Sornborger, Andrew Tyler and Tao, Louis},
abstractNote = {Here, coherent neuronal activity is believed to underlie the transfer and processing of information in the brain. Coherent activity in the form of synchronous firing and oscillations has been measured in many brain regions and has been correlated with enhanced feature processing and other sensory and cognitive functions. In the theoretical context, synfire chains and the transfer of transient activity packets in feedforward networks have been appealed to in order to describe coherent spiking and information transfer. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the classical synfire chain architecture, with the addition of suitably timed gating currents, can support the graded transfer of mean firing rates in feedforward networks (called synfire-gated synfire chains—SGSCs). Here we study information propagation in SGSCs by examining mutual information as a function of layer number in a feedforward network. We explore the effects of gating and noise on information transfer in synfire chains and demonstrate that asymptotically, two main regions exist in parameter space where information may be propagated and its propagation is controlled by pulse-gating: a large region where binary codes may be propagated, and a smaller region near a cusp in parameter space that supports graded propagation across many layers.},
doi = {10.3390/e20020102},
journal = {Entropy},
number = 2,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Thu Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
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