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Title: Area G Erosion Analysis

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory
  2. Neptune
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1418774
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-29400
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: P&RA CoP Annual Technical Exchange meeting ; 2017-10-17 - 2017-10-19 ; Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Earth Sciences; Environmental Protection

Citation Formats

Stauffer, Philip H., Atchley, Adam Lee, Birdsell, Kay Hanson, and Crowell, Kelly. Area G Erosion Analysis. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Stauffer, Philip H., Atchley, Adam Lee, Birdsell, Kay Hanson, & Crowell, Kelly. Area G Erosion Analysis. United States.
Stauffer, Philip H., Atchley, Adam Lee, Birdsell, Kay Hanson, and Crowell, Kelly. 2018. "Area G Erosion Analysis". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418774.
@article{osti_1418774,
title = {Area G Erosion Analysis},
author = {Stauffer, Philip H. and Atchley, Adam Lee and Birdsell, Kay Hanson and Crowell, Kelly},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2018,
month = 1
}

Conference:
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  • A simulation model was applied to a small strip mined and reclaimed watershed in central Pennsylvania to evaluate the effectiveness of a holding pond and runoff diversions in controlling erosion and sediment yield. The model predicted the site sediment yield and suggested an optimum holding pond location for different control measure and pond configurations and a standard design storm. Recommendations for reducing the total sediment yield and management of the holding pond are given. The results reflect well the actual conditions observed at the site.
  • Fly ash disposal sites adjacent to fossil fueled generating plants are subject to wind and water erosion which increases the operation and maintenance costs. Gullies and unstable areas in the disposal sites require expensive leveling and filling practices. Test evaluated both warm- and cool-season cover crops established by either sod or seed. Amendments to the ash consisted of composted poultry litter (CPL), soil, soil+CPL, fertilizer and beneficial soil microbes including mycorrhizal fungi. Turf sods (419 Bermuda, Emerald zoysia, and Raleigh St. Augustine) were compared in greenhouse and field studies. Six legumes and 12 grass species were tested in the greenhousemore » as seeded cover crops using similar amendments and raw poultry litter (PL). Legumes grew better with CPL and Boil amendments and grasses grew better on PL and soil amendments possibly due to differences in N requirements and N supply. Cool season crops generally grew faster than warm season species in the greenhouse tests. Amendments should be mixed with the FA to ameliorate the effects of boron and salt toxicity and to increase the water holding capacity. Bermuda sod grew faster than either St, Augustine or Emerald zoysia, but requires more water. A microbial amendment increased dry matter yields of bermuda sod 2 to 3 times after 40 to 60 days over unamended controls. Microbial amendments may be justified on an economic and sustainable basis. A field study is assessing the environmental and cultural requirements to grow a cover crop on an annual basis.« less
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