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Title: Beyond Insertion for Na-Ion Batteries: Nanostructured Alloying and Conversion Anode Materials

 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Helmholtz Institute Ulm (HIU), Helmholtzstraße 11 Ulm 89081 Germany, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), PO Box 3640 Karlsruhe 76021 Germany
  2. Energy Storage and Distributed Resources Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley CA 94720 USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; EE0006443
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2018-01-30 05:52:08; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:

Citation Formats

Zhang, Huang, Hasa, Ivana, and Passerini, Stefano. Beyond Insertion for Na-Ion Batteries: Nanostructured Alloying and Conversion Anode Materials. Germany: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201702582.
Zhang, Huang, Hasa, Ivana, & Passerini, Stefano. Beyond Insertion for Na-Ion Batteries: Nanostructured Alloying and Conversion Anode Materials. Germany. doi:10.1002/aenm.201702582.
Zhang, Huang, Hasa, Ivana, and Passerini, Stefano. 2018. "Beyond Insertion for Na-Ion Batteries: Nanostructured Alloying and Conversion Anode Materials". Germany. doi:10.1002/aenm.201702582.
title = {Beyond Insertion for Na-Ion Batteries: Nanostructured Alloying and Conversion Anode Materials},
author = {Zhang, Huang and Hasa, Ivana and Passerini, Stefano},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201702582},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {Germany},
year = 2018,
month = 1

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on January 29, 2019
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript

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  • The development of energy conversion and storage devices is at the forefront of research geared towards a sustainable future. However, there are numerous issues that prevent the widespread use of these technologies including cost, performance and durability. These limitations can be directly related to the materials used. In particular, the design and fabrication of nanostructured hybrid materials is expected to provide breakthroughs for the advancement of these technologies. This tutorial review will highlight block copolymers as an emerging and powerful yet affordable tool to structure-direct such nanomaterials with precise control over structural dimensions, composition and spatial arrangement of materials inmore » composites. After providing an introduction to materials design and current limitations, the review will highlight some of the most recent examples of block copolymer structure-directed nanomaterials for photovoltaics, batteries and fuel cells. In each case insights are provided into the various underlying fundamental chemical, thermodynamic and kinetic formation principles enabling general and relatively inexpensive wet-polymer chemistry methodologies for the efficient creation of multiscale functional materials. Examples include nanostructured ceramics, ceramic–carbon composites, ceramic–carbon–metal composites and metals with morphologies ranging from hexagonally arranged cylinders to three-dimensional bi-continuous cubic networks. The review ends with an outlook towards the synthesis of multicomponent and hierarchical multifunctional hybrid materials with different nano-architectures from self-assembly of higher order blocked macromolecules which may ultimately pave the way for the further development of energy conversion and storage devices.« less
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  • Rechargeable magnesium batteries have attracted wide attention for energy storage. Currently, most studies focus on Mg metal as the anode, but this approach is still limited by the properties of the electrolyte and poor control of the Mg plating/stripping processes.1,2 Here we report the synthesis and application of Bi nanotubes as a high performance anode material for rechargeable Mg ion batteries. The nanostructured Bi anode delivers a high reversible specific capacity (350 mAh/gBi, or 3430 mAh/cm3 Bi), excellent stability, and high columbic efficiency (95 % initial and very close to 100% afterwards). The good performance is attributed to the uniquemore » properties of in-situ formed, interconnected nanoporous bismuth. Such nanostructures can effectively accommodate the large volume change without losing electric contact and significantly reduce diffusion length for Mg2+. Significantly, the nanostructured Bi anode can be used with conventional electrolytes which will open new opportunities to study Mg ion battery chemistry and further improve the properties. The performance and the stability of a full cell Mg ion battery have been demonstrated with conventional electrolytes. This work suggests that other high energy density alloy compounds may also be considered for Mg-ion chemistry for high capacity electrode materials.« less