skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants

Abstract

Current hydrogen production capacity in the U.S. is about 15.8 million tonne (or metric ton) per year (Brown 2016). Some of the hydrogen (2 million tonne) is combusted for its heating energy value, which makes total annual net production 13.8 million tonne (Table 1). If captive by-product hydrogen (3.3 million tonne) from catalytic reforming at oil refineries is excluded (Brown 2016; EIA 2008), approximately 11 million tonne is available from the conventional captive and merchant hydrogen market (DOE 2013). Captive hydrogen (owned by the refiner) is produced and consumed on site (e.g., process input at refineries), whereas merchant hydrogen is produced and sold as a commodity to external consumers. Whether it is merchant or captive, most hydrogen produced in the U.S. is on-purpose (not by-product)— around 10 million tonne/year.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Systems Assessment Group, Energy Systems Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1418333
Report Number(s):
ANL/ESD-17/27
141151
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Lee, Dong-Yeon, Elgowainy, Amgad A., and Dai, Qiang. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1418333.
Lee, Dong-Yeon, Elgowainy, Amgad A., & Dai, Qiang. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants. United States. doi:10.2172/1418333.
Lee, Dong-Yeon, Elgowainy, Amgad A., and Dai, Qiang. Fri . "Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants". United States. doi:10.2172/1418333. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418333.
@article{osti_1418333,
title = {Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants},
author = {Lee, Dong-Yeon and Elgowainy, Amgad A. and Dai, Qiang},
abstractNote = {Current hydrogen production capacity in the U.S. is about 15.8 million tonne (or metric ton) per year (Brown 2016). Some of the hydrogen (2 million tonne) is combusted for its heating energy value, which makes total annual net production 13.8 million tonne (Table 1). If captive by-product hydrogen (3.3 million tonne) from catalytic reforming at oil refineries is excluded (Brown 2016; EIA 2008), approximately 11 million tonne is available from the conventional captive and merchant hydrogen market (DOE 2013). Captive hydrogen (owned by the refiner) is produced and consumed on site (e.g., process input at refineries), whereas merchant hydrogen is produced and sold as a commodity to external consumers. Whether it is merchant or captive, most hydrogen produced in the U.S. is on-purpose (not by-product)— around 10 million tonne/year.},
doi = {10.2172/1418333},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: